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First-principles localized cluster expansion study of the kinetics of hydrogen diffusion in homogeneous and heterogeneous Fe-Cr alloys

By Adib J. Samin, David A. Andersson, Edward F. Holby, and Blas P. Uberuaga from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Adib J. Samin, David A. Andersson, Edward F. Holby, and Blas P. Uberuaga

Metal alloys have a wide range of technological applications, from structural materials to catalysts. In many situations, the transport of hydrogen, whether intentionally for hydrogen storage and fuel cell applications or unintentionally in the case of tritium uptake in nuclear materials, is an impo...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014110] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Structural and vibrational properties of lithium under ambient conditions within density functional theory

By Michael Hutcheon and Richard Needs from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Michael Hutcheon and Richard Needs

We apply a general first-principles approach to derive the phase diagram of metallic lithium at ambient pressure between 0 and 350 K, including identification of candidate phases. We use ab initio random structure searching to identify competing phases and supplement the results with calculations of...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014111] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Wiggling skyrmion propagation under parametric pumping

By H. Y. Yuan, X. S. Wang, Man-Hong Yung, and X. R. Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): H. Y. Yuan, X. S. Wang, Man-Hong Yung, and X. R. Wang

Magnetic skyrmion motion under parametric pumping is numerically investigated. Parametric pumping with a perpendicularly oscillating electric field can excite the breathing modes of a skyrmion because an electric field can modify the magnetic anisotropy. Interestingly, using an in-plane static magne...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014428] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Low lattice thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit in ${\mathrm{Na}}_{2}\mathrm{MgSn}$

By Cong Wang, Y. B. Chen, Shu-Hua Yao, and Jian Zhou from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Cong Wang, Y. B. Chen, Shu-Hua Yao, and Jian Zhou

Thermoelectric materials enables the harvest of waste heat and direct conversion into electricity. In search of high efficient thermoelectric materials, low thermal conductivity of a material is essential and critical. Here, we have theoretically investigated the lattice thermal conductivity and the...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024310] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Domain wall dynamics in easy-cone magnets

By Peong-Hwa Jang, Se-Hyeok Oh, Se Kwon Kim, and Kyung-Jin Lee from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Peong-Hwa Jang, Se-Hyeok Oh, Se Kwon Kim, and Kyung-Jin Lee

We theoretically and numerically investigate magnetic domain wall dynamics in a nanowire of an easy-cone magnet. The easy-cone domain wall exhibits several distinguishing dynamic features in comparison to the easy-axis domain wall. They are related to the generation of additional chiral spin texture...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024424] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Evidence for exchange bias coupling at the perovskite/brownmillerite interface in spontaneously stabilized $\mathrm{SrCo}{\mathrm{O}}_{3−δ}/{\mathrm{SrCoO}}_{2.5}$ bilayers

By B. C. Behera, Subhadip Jana, Shwetha G. Bhat, N. Gauquelin, G. Tripathy, P. S. Anil Kumar, and D. Samal from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): B. C. Behera, Subhadip Jana, Shwetha G. Bhat, N. Gauquelin, G. Tripathy, P. S. Anil Kumar, and D. Samal

Interface effect in complex oxide thin-film heterostructures lies at the vanguard of current research to design technologically relevant functionality and explore emergent physical phenomena. While most of the previous works focus on the perovskite/perovskite heterostructures, the study of perovskit...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024425] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Disentangling small-polaron and Anderson-localization effects in ceria: Combined experimental and first-principles study

By Taras Kolodiazhnyi, Pannawit Tipsawat, Thitirat Charoonsuk, Thanundon Kongnok, Sirichok Jungthawan, Suwit Suthirakun, Naratip Vittayakorn, and Santi Maensiri from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Taras Kolodiazhnyi, Pannawit Tipsawat, Thitirat Charoonsuk, Thanundon Kongnok, Sirichok Jungthawan, Suwit Suthirakun, Naratip Vittayakorn, and Santi Maensiri

By comparison of the electrical conductivity of ceria doped with penta- and hexavalent ions, we separate the total electron localization energy into the two contributions originating from the small polaron effects and the Coulomb interaction with the donor ions. The upper bound of the itinerant smal...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035144] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Towards topological quasifreestanding stanene via substrate engineering

By Domenico Di Sante, Philipp Eck, Maximilian Bauernfeind, Marius Will, Ronny Thomale, Jörg Schäfer, Ralph Claessen, and Giorgio Sangiovanni from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Domenico Di Sante, Philipp Eck, Maximilian Bauernfeind, Marius Will, Ronny Thomale, Jörg Schäfer, Ralph Claessen, and Giorgio Sangiovanni

In search for a new generation of spintronics hardware, material candidates for room temperature quantum spin Hall effect (QSHE) have become a contemporary focus of investigation. Inspired by the original proposal for QSHE in graphene, several heterostructures have been synthesized, aiming at a hexa...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035145] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Interplay between long-range hopping and disorder in topological systems

By Beatriz Pérez-González, Miguel Bello, Álvaro Gómez-León, and Gloria Platero from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Beatriz Pérez-González, Miguel Bello, Álvaro Gómez-León, and Gloria Platero

We extend the standard Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model to include long-range hopping amplitudes and disorder, and analyze how the electronic and topological properties are affected. We show that long-range hopping can change the symmetry class and the topological invariant, while diagonal and off-d...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035146] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Hybrid density functional theory study of vanadium doping in stoichiometric and congruent $\mathrm{LiNb}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$

By Yongjun Fan, Lili Li, Yanlu Li, Xueqin Sun, and Xian Zhao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Yongjun Fan, Lili Li, Yanlu Li, Xueqin Sun, and Xian Zhao

The basic features of vanadium (V)-doped $\mathrm{LiNb}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$, such as V doping sites, local lattice distortions, and electronic structures are investigated via hybrid density functional theory. The interaction between V and the intrinsic point defects is also studied in this work. V is f...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035147] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Plasmons in realistic graphene/hexagonal boron nitride moiré patterns

By Andrea Tomadin, Marco Polini, and Jeil Jung from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Andrea Tomadin, Marco Polini, and Jeil Jung

van der Waals heterostructures employing graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) crystals have emerged as a promising platform for plasmonics thanks to the tunability of their collective modes with carrier density and record values for plasmonics figures of merit. In this paper we investigate the...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035432] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Suppression of long-range ferromagnetic order in the ${\mathrm{Ce}}_{x}{\mathrm{La}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{TiGe}}_{3}$ system

By Jeonghun Lee, Anja Rabus, C. Coutts, and Eundeok Mun from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Jeonghun Lee, Anja Rabus, C. Coutts, and Eundeok Mun

We report specific heat, magnetization, and resistivity measurements on single crystals of ${\mathrm{Ce}}_{x}{\mathrm{La}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{TiGe}}_{3}$ systems. When the Ce concentration $x$ is increased, the system changes from a single-ion Kondo system for $x=0.05$ into a ferromagnetic Kondo lattice ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045135] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Characterization of quasiholes in two-component fractional quantum Hall states and fractional Chern insulators in $|C|$=2 flat bands

By Błażej Jaworowski, Nicolas Regnault, and Zhao Liu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Błażej Jaworowski, Nicolas Regnault, and Zhao Liu

We perform an exact-diagonalization study of quasihole excitations for the two-component Halperin (221) state in the lowest Landau level and for several $ν=1/3$ bosonic fractional Chern insulators in topological flat bands with Chern number $|C|$=2. Properties including the quasihole size, charge, a...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045136] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Negative viscosity and eddy flow of the imbalanced electron-hole liquid in graphene

By Hong-Yi Xie and Alex Levchenko from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Hong-Yi Xie and Alex Levchenko

We present a hydrodynamic theory for electron-hole magnetotransport in graphene incorporating carrier-population imbalance, energy, and momentum relaxation processes. We focus on the electric response and find that the carrier and energy imbalance relaxation processes strongly modify the shear visco...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045434] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Magnetization-induced chirality in second harmonic generation response of U-shaped permalloy nanostructures

By I. A. Kolmychek, I. A. Dolgikh, X. Zhou, A. O. Adeyeye, and T. V. Murzina from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): I. A. Kolmychek, I. A. Dolgikh, X. Zhou, A. O. Adeyeye, and T. V. Murzina

Magnetization-induced circular dichroism (CD) in optical second harmonic generation (SHG) is observed in planar symmetrical arrays of U-shaped permalloy nanostructures. We demonstrate that extrinsic chirality of an array leads to the CD effect that strongly depends on the azimuthal orientation of th...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045435] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Bulk and surface spin conductivity in topological insulators with hexagonal warping

By R. S. Akzyanov and A. L. Rakhmanov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): R. S. Akzyanov and A. L. Rakhmanov

We investigate the spin conductivity of topological insulators taking into account both the surface and quasi-two-dimensional bulk states. We apply a low-energy expansion of the Hamiltonian up to the third order in momentum and take into account the vertex corrections arising due to the short-range ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045436] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

First-Principles Plasma Simulations of Black-Hole Jet Launching

By Kyle Parfrey, Alexander Philippov, and Benoît Cerutti from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Kyle Parfrey, Alexander Philippov, and Benoît Cerutti

Simulations of the environment around a spinning black hole give new insight into the formation of luminous jets seen from Earth.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 035101] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Protocol Dependence and State Variables in the Force-Moment Ensemble

By Ephraim S. Bililign, Jonathan E. Kollmer, and Karen E. Daniels from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): Ephraim S. Bililign, Jonathan E. Kollmer, and Karen E. Daniels

Experiments with a granular system have confirmed a temperature-like variable that could lead to an equation of state for this class of materials


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 038001] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Publisher’s Note: Anomalous Conductances in an Ultracold Quantum Wire [Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 255302 (2016)]

By M. Kanász-Nagy, L. Glazman, T. Esslinger, and E. A. Demler from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author(s): M. Kanász-Nagy, L. Glazman, T. Esslinger, and E. A. Demler
[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 039901] Published Wed Jan 23, 2019

Author Correction: Actinia-like multifunctional nanocoagulant for single-step removal of water contaminants

By Huazhang Zhao from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Author Correction: Actinia-like multifunctional nanocoagulant for single-step removal of water contaminants

Author Correction: <i>Actinia</i>-like multifunctional nanocoagulant for single-step removal of water contaminants, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0378-1

Author Correction: Actinia-like multifunctional nanocoagulant for single-step removal of water contaminants

Single-cell RNA-seq denoising using a deep count autoencoder

By Fabian J. Theis from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Single-cell RNA-seq denoising using a deep count autoencoder

Single-cell RNA-seq denoising using a deep count autoencoder, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07931-2

Single-cell RNA sequencing is a powerful method to study gene expression, but noise in the data can obstruct analysis. Here the authors develop a denoising method based on a deep count autoencoder network that scales linearly with the number of cells, and therefore is compatible with large data sets.

Ultrafast hole transfer mediated by polaron pairs in all-polymer photovoltaic blends

By Min Xiao from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Ultrafast hole transfer mediated by polaron pairs in all-polymer photovoltaic blends

Ultrafast hole transfer mediated by polaron pairs in all-polymer photovoltaic blends, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08361-4

All-polymer solar cells have shown high efficiencies but the ultrafast charge transfer processes are less known. Here Wang et al. show that polaron pairs play vital role facilitating the hole transfer, which is quite different from the exciton dominated pathway in polymer-fullerene blends.

Active control of anapole states by structuring the phase-change alloy Ge2Sb2Te5

By Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Active control of anapole states by structuring the phase-change alloy Ge2Sb2Te5

Active control of anapole states by structuring the phase-change alloy Ge<sub>2</sub>Sb<sub>2</sub>Te<sub>5</sub>, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-08057-1

High-index dielectric nanoparticles support a great wealth of multipolar responses but active tunability is still elusive. Here, the authors report how structured Ge2Sb2Te5 can support multipolar Mie resonances and demonstrate the spectral shifting between electric dipole and anapole modes.

Exploring the landscape of focal amplifications in cancer using AmpliconArchitect

By Vineet Bafna from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Exploring the landscape of focal amplifications in cancer using AmpliconArchitect

Exploring the landscape of focal amplifications in cancer using AmpliconArchitect, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-08200-y

Focal amplifications are prevalent in many cancer genomes. Here, the authors present AmpliconArchitect (AA), a computational tool for reconstructing their architecture, and reveal an extrachromosomal origin for focal amplifications, including hybrid human-virus elements in HPV-mediated cancers.

Near-atomic structure of a giant virus

By Michael G. Rossmann from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Near-atomic structure of a giant virus

Near-atomic structure of a giant virus, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08319-6

Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses are a group of viruses that infect many eukaryotic hosts. Here, the authors provide a 3.5 Å resolution icosahedrally-averaged capsid structure of Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus 1 and show how 1800 minor capsid proteins form a hexagonal network below the outer capsid shell.

Unveiling coherently driven hyperpolarization dynamics in signal amplification by reversible exchange

By Warren S. Warren from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Unveiling coherently driven hyperpolarization dynamics in signal amplification by reversible exchange

Unveiling coherently driven hyperpolarization dynamics in signal amplification by reversible exchange, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08298-8

There is increasing effort to improve the signal sensitivity and explore the hyperpolarization dynamics. Here the authors demonstrate the parahydrogen spin transfer dynamics in compounds containing 15N using SABRE hyperpolarization technique with different strengths of the magnetic field.

Structure of the error-prone DNA ligase of African swine fever virus identifies critical active site residues

By Jianhua Gan from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Structure of the error-prone DNA ligase of African swine fever virus identifies critical active site residues

Structure of the error-prone DNA ligase of African swine fever virus identifies critical active site residues, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08296-w

The DNA ligase of African swine fever virus is one of the most error-prone ligases identified to date, but underlying molecular details are lacking. Here, Chen et al. report four AsfvLIG:DNA structures and identify a unique N-terminal domain and four unique active site residues that are crucial for its catalytic efficiency.

Age and pattern of the southern high-latitude continental end-Permian extinction constrained by multiproxy analysis

By James L. Crowley from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Age and pattern of the southern high-latitude continental end-Permian extinction constrained by multiproxy analysis

Age and pattern of the southern high-latitude continental end-Permian extinction constrained by multiproxy analysis, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07934-z

The continental record of the end Permian mass extinction is limited, especially from high paleolatitudes. Here, Fielding et al. report a multi-proxy Permo-Triassic record from Australia, resolving the timing of local terrestrial plant extinction and the relationship with environmental changes.

SP1 and RARα regulate AGAP2 expression in cancer

By Cristina Montiel-Duarte from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

SP1 and RARα regulate AGAP2 expression in cancer

SP1 and RARα regulate <i>AGAP2</i> expression in cancer, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36888-x

SP1 and RARα regulate AGAP2 expression in cancer

3D printing of sacrificial templates into hierarchical porous materials

By André R. Studart from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

3D printing of sacrificial templates into hierarchical porous materials

3D printing of sacrificial templates into hierarchical porous materials, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36789-z

3D printing of sacrificial templates into hierarchical porous materials

Field-free Magnetization Switching by Utilizing the Spin Hall Effect and Interlayer Exchange Coupling of Iridium

By Jian-Gang (Jimmy) Zhu from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Field-free Magnetization Switching by Utilizing the Spin Hall Effect and Interlayer Exchange Coupling of Iridium

Field-free Magnetization Switching by Utilizing the Spin Hall Effect and Interlayer Exchange Coupling of Iridium, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37586-4

Field-free Magnetization Switching by Utilizing the Spin Hall Effect and Interlayer Exchange Coupling of Iridium

Pro-resolving lipid mediator ameliorates obesity induced osteoarthritis by regulating synovial macrophage polarisation

By Indira Prasadam from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Pro-resolving lipid mediator ameliorates obesity induced osteoarthritis by regulating synovial macrophage polarisation

Pro-resolving lipid mediator ameliorates obesity induced osteoarthritis by regulating synovial macrophage polarisation, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36909-9

Pro-resolving lipid mediator ameliorates obesity induced osteoarthritis by regulating synovial macrophage polarisation

Defects and dopant properties of Li3V2(PO4)3

By Alexander Chroneos from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Defects and dopant properties of Li3V2(PO4)3

Defects and dopant properties of Li<sub>3</sub>V<sub>2</sub>(PO<sub>4</sub>)<sub>3</sub>, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36398-w

Defects and dopant properties of Li3V2(PO4)3

Awakening effects of blue-enriched morning light exposure on university students’ physiological and subjective responses

By Hyeon-Jeong Suk from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Awakening effects of blue-enriched morning light exposure on university students’ physiological and subjective responses

Awakening effects of blue-enriched morning light exposure on university students’ physiological and subjective responses, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36791-5

Awakening effects of blue-enriched morning light exposure on university students’ physiological and subjective responses

Rapid Data Analytics to Relate Sugarcane Aphid [(Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner)] Population and Damage on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

By Joseph E. Knoll from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Rapid Data Analytics to Relate Sugarcane Aphid [(Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner)] Population and Damage on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

Rapid Data Analytics to Relate Sugarcane Aphid [(<i>Melanaphis sacchari</i> (Zehntner)] Population and Damage on Sorghum (<i>Sorghum bicolor</i> (L.) Moench), Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36815-0

Rapid Data Analytics to Relate Sugarcane Aphid [(Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner)] Population and Damage on Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

Understanding the oxidation mechanism of methanesulfinic acid by ozone in the atmosphere

By Xiaomin Sun from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 23, 2019.

Understanding the oxidation mechanism of methanesulfinic acid by ozone in the atmosphere

Understanding the oxidation mechanism of methanesulfinic acid by ozone in the atmosphere, Published online: 23 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-018-36405-0

Understanding the oxidation mechanism of methanesulfinic acid by ozone in the atmosphere

Heat and charge transport in bulk semiconductors with interstitial defects

By Vitaly S. Proshchenko, Pratik P. Dholabhai, Tyler C. Sterling, and Sanghamitra Neogi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Vitaly S. Proshchenko, Pratik P. Dholabhai, Tyler C. Sterling, and Sanghamitra Neogi

Interstitial defects are inevitably present in doped semiconductors that enable modern-day electronic, optoelectronic, or thermoelectric technologies. Understanding the stability of interstitials and their bonding mechanisms in the silicon lattice was accomplished only recently with the advent of fi...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014207] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Fokker-Planck equation for lattice vibration: Stochastic dynamics and thermal conductivity

By Yi Zeng and Jianjun Dong from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yi Zeng and Jianjun Dong

We propose a Fokker-Planck equation (FPE) theory to describe stochastic fluctuation and relaxation processes of lattice vibration at a wide range of conditions, including those beyond the phonon gas limit. Using the time-dependent, multiple state-variable probability function of a vibration FPE, we ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014306] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Left-handed polarized spin waves in ferromagnets induced by spin-transfer torque

By Zhen-wei Zhou, Xi-guang Wang, Yao-zhuang Nie, Qing-lin Xia, Zhong-ming Zeng, and Guang-hua Guo from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Zhen-wei Zhou, Xi-guang Wang, Yao-zhuang Nie, Qing-lin Xia, Zhong-ming Zeng, and Guang-hua Guo

Polarization is a fundamental property of waves that refers to the orientation of the oscillations. It has been widely used to encode information in photonics and phononics. However, the polarization of spin waves is rarely used yet in magnonics. The reason for this is that only the right-handed pol...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014420] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Singlet ground state in the alternating spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ chain compound ${\mathrm{NaVOAsO}}_{4}$

By U. Arjun, K. M. Ranjith, B. Koo, J. Sichelschmidt, Y. Skourski, M. Baenitz, A. A. Tsirlin, and R. Nath from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): U. Arjun, K. M. Ranjith, B. Koo, J. Sichelschmidt, Y. Skourski, M. Baenitz, A. A. Tsirlin, and R. Nath

We present the synthesis and a detailed investigation of structural and magnetic properties of polycrystalline ${\mathrm{NaVOAsO}}_{4}$ by means of x-ray diffraction, magnetization, electron spin resonance (ESR), and $^{75}\mathrm{As}$ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements as well as density...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014421] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Role of local short-scale correlations in the mechanism of negative magnetization

By Malvika Tripathi, T. Chatterji, H. E. Fischer, R. Raghunathan, Supriyo Majumder, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Malvika Tripathi, T. Chatterji, H. E. Fischer, R. Raghunathan, Supriyo Majumder, R. J. Choudhary, and D. M. Phase

We elaborate here why the antiferromagnetically ordered ${\mathrm{GdCrO}}_{3}$ responds in a diamagnetic way under certain conditions by monitoring the evolution of the microscopic global and local magnetic phases. Using high-energy ($∼0.3\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}\mathrm{eV}$) neutrons, the magne...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014422] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Wigner equation for general electromagnetic fields: The Weyl-Stratonovich transform

By M. Nedjalkov, J. Weinbub, M. Ballicchia, S. Selberherr, I. Dimov, and D. K. Ferry from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): M. Nedjalkov, J. Weinbub, M. Ballicchia, S. Selberherr, I. Dimov, and D. K. Ferry

Gauge-invariant Wigner theories are formulated in terms of the kinetic momentum, which—being a physical quantity—is conserved after a change of the gauge. These theories rely on a transform of the density matrix, originally introduced by Stratonovich, which generalizes the Weyl transform by involvin...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014423] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Defect-induced magnetism in II-VI quantum dots

By Matheus P. Lima, L. Cabral, Emanuela Margapoti, Suddhasatta Mahapatra, Juarez L. F. Da Silva, Fabian Hartmann, Sven Höfling, Gilmar E. Marques, and Victor Lopez-Richard from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Matheus P. Lima, L. Cabral, Emanuela Margapoti, Suddhasatta Mahapatra, Juarez L. F. Da Silva, Fabian Hartmann, Sven Höfling, Gilmar E. Marques, and Victor Lopez-Richard

The identification of physical parameters that lead to magnetism in apparent nonmagnetic semiconductor systems has continuously challenged our community. In particular, for quantum-dot systems, they are key factors that contribute to their magneto-optical properties. We report, experimentally, optic...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014424] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Spiral magnetic ordering of the Eu moments in ${\mathrm{EuNi}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$

By W. T. Jin, N. Qureshi, Z. Bukowski, Y. Xiao, S. Nandi, M. Babij, Z. Fu, Y. Su, and Th. Brückel from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): W. T. Jin, N. Qureshi, Z. Bukowski, Y. Xiao, S. Nandi, M. Babij, Z. Fu, Y. Su, and Th. Brückel

The ground-state magnetic structure of ${\mathrm{EuNi}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ was investigated by single-crystal neutron diffraction. At base temperature, the ${\mathrm{Eu}}^{2+}$ moments are found to form an incommensurate antiferromagnetic spiral-like structure with a magnetic propagation vector o...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014425] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Correlation effects on ground-state properties of ternary Heusler alloys: First-principles study

By V. D. Buchelnikov, V. V. Sokolovskiy, O. N. Miroshkina, M. A. Zagrebin, J. Nokelainen, A. Pulkkinen, B. Barbiellini, and E. Lähderanta from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): V. D. Buchelnikov, V. V. Sokolovskiy, O. N. Miroshkina, M. A. Zagrebin, J. Nokelainen, A. Pulkkinen, B. Barbiellini, and E. Lähderanta

The strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) semilocal functional for exchange correlation is deployed to study the ground-state properties of ternary Heusler alloys transforming martensitically. The calculations are performed for ferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic, and antiferromagnetic phase...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014426] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Thermal Hall effect in noncollinear coplanar insulating antiferromagnets

By Alexander Mook, Jürgen Henk, and Ingrid Mertig from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Alexander Mook, Jürgen Henk, and Ingrid Mertig

We establish theoretically a thermal Hall effect of collective magnetic excitations in noncollinear but coplanar antiferromagnets. In agreement with superordinate symmetry arguments for linear transport tensors, our findings demonstrate that neither a ferromagnetic moment, nor a magnetic field, nor ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014427] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Doping dependence of $d$-wave bond-charge excitations in electron-doped cuprates

By Hiroyuki Yamase, Matías Bejas, and Andrés Greco from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Hiroyuki Yamase, Matías Bejas, and Andrés Greco

Motivated by the recent experiments reporting the doping dependence of the short-range charge order (CO) in electron-doped cuprates, we study the resonant x-ray scattering spectrum from $d$-wave bond-charge fluctuations obtained in the two-dimensional $t\text{−}J$ model. We find that (i) the CO is s...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014513] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Understanding the thermal conductivity and Lorenz number in tungsten from first principles

By Yani Chen, Jinlong Ma, and Wu Li from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yani Chen, Jinlong Ma, and Wu Li

Tungsten is known to have a Lorenz number $L$ larger than the Sommerfeld value (${L}_{0}={π}^{2}{k}_{B}^{2}/3{e}^{2}=2.445×{10}^{−8}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}{\mathtt{V}}^{2}/{\mathtt{deg}}^{2}$) by 30%. By performing fully first-principles calculations, we are able to calculate the electrical con...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 020305(R)] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Quantum engine based on many-body localization

By Nicole Yunger Halpern, Christopher David White, Sarang Gopalakrishnan, and Gil Refael from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Nicole Yunger Halpern, Christopher David White, Sarang Gopalakrishnan, and Gil Refael

Many-body localization (MBL) is a phase of quantum matter that has attracted much experimental and theoretical attention recently. MBL particles stay fixed for long times, resisting thermalization. This athermality, the authors show, can serve as a resource in thermodynamic tasks. They formulate an engine cycle for a quantum many-body system tuned between MBL and thermal phases. MBL enables the engine to scale robustly, from mesoscale to macroscale, and improves the engine’s reliability. This work opens the door to technological applications of MBL.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024203] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Lattice dynamics and negative thermal expansion in the framework compound $\mathrm{ZnNi}{(\mathrm{CN})}_{4}$ with two-dimensional and three-dimensional local environments

By Stella d'Ambrumenil, Mohamed Zbiri, Ann M. Chippindale, Simon J. Hibble, Elena Marelli, and Alex C. Hannon from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Stella d'Ambrumenil, Mohamed Zbiri, Ann M. Chippindale, Simon J. Hibble, Elena Marelli, and Alex C. Hannon

$\mathrm{ZnNi}{(\mathrm{CN})}_{4}$ is a three-dimensional (3D) framework material consisting of two interpenetrating PtS-type networks in which tetrahedral $[\mathrm{Zn}{\mathrm{N}}_{4}]$ units are linked by square-planar $[\mathrm{Ni}{\mathrm{C}}_{4}]$ units. Both the parent compounds, cubic $\math...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024309] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Spin and charge currents induced by the spin Hall and anomalous Hall effects upon crossing ferromagnetic/nonmagnetic interfaces

By Albert Hönemann, Christian Herschbach, Dmitry V. Fedorov, Martin Gradhand, and Ingrid Mertig from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Albert Hönemann, Christian Herschbach, Dmitry V. Fedorov, Martin Gradhand, and Ingrid Mertig

We start closing a gap in the comparison of experimental and theoretical data associated with the spin Hall effect. Based on a first-principles characterization of electronic structure and a semiclassical description of electron transport, we compute the skew-scattering contribution to the transvers...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024420] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Tuning the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$ by alloying

By Olga Yu. Vekilova, Bahar Fayyazi, Konstantin P. Skokov, Oliver Gutfleisch, Cristina Echevarria-Bonet, José Manuel Barandiarán, Alexander Kovacs, Johann Fischbacher, Thomas Schrefl, Olle Eriksson, and Heike C. Herper from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Olga Yu. Vekilova, Bahar Fayyazi, Konstantin P. Skokov, Oliver Gutfleisch, Cristina Echevarria-Bonet, José Manuel Barandiarán, Alexander Kovacs, Johann Fischbacher, Thomas Schrefl, Olle Eriksson, and Heike C. Herper

The electronic structure, magnetic properties, and phase formation of hexagonal ferromagnetic ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$-based alloys have been studied from first principles and by experiment. The pristine ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$ compound is known to fulfill all the requirements for a goo...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024421] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Exact description of the boundary theory of the Kitaev toric code with open boundary conditions

By Yevheniia Cheipesh, Lorenzo Cevolani, and Stefan Kehrein from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yevheniia Cheipesh, Lorenzo Cevolani, and Stefan Kehrein

In this paper, we consider the Kitaev toric code with specific open boundary conditions. Such a physical system has a highly degenerate ground state determined by the degrees of freedom localized at the boundaries. We can write down an explicit expression for the ground state of this model. Based on...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024422] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Searching magnetic states using an unsupervised machine learning algorithm with the Heisenberg model

By H. Y. Kwon, N. J. Kim, C. K. Lee, and C. Won from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): H. Y. Kwon, N. J. Kim, C. K. Lee, and C. Won

Magnetism is a canonical example of a spontaneous symmetry breaking. The symmetry of a magnetic state below the Curie temperature is spontaneously broken even though the Hamiltonian is invariant under symmetry. Recently, machine learning algorithms have been successfully utilized to study topics in ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024423] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Specific heat in strongly hole-doped iron-based superconductors

By Dmitry V. Chichinadze and Andrey V. Chubukov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Dmitry V. Chichinadze and Andrey V. Chubukov

We compute specific heat $C(T)$ in a strongly hole-doped Fe-based superconductor, like ${\mathrm{KFe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$, which has only hole pockets. We model the electronic structure by a three-orbital/three-pocket model with two smaller hole pockets made out of ${d}_{xz}$ and ${d}_{yz}$ orbit...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024509] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Conductance smearing and anisotropic suppression of induced superconductivity in a Majorana nanowire

By Chun-Xiao Liu, Jay D. Sau, Tudor D. Stanescu, and S. Das Sarma from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Chun-Xiao Liu, Jay D. Sau, Tudor D. Stanescu, and S. Das Sarma

In a recent high-quality experimental work on normal metal–superconducting nanowire junctions (J. D. S. Bommer et al., arXiv:1807.01940), strong anisotropic suppression of induced superconductivity has been observed in tunnel conductance measurements in the presence of applied magnetic field with v...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024510] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Strong suppression of near-field radiative heat transfer by superconductivity in NbN

By Věra Musilová, Tomáš Králík, Tomáš Fořt, and Michal Macek from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Věra Musilová, Tomáš Králík, Tomáš Fořt, and Michal Macek

Near-field (NF) radiative heat transfer (RHT) over vacuum space between closely spaced bodies can exceed the Planck's far-field (FF) values by orders of magnitude. A strong effect of superconductivity on NF RHT between plane-parallel thin-film surfaces of niobium (Nb) was recently discovered and dis...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024511] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Point-contact Andreev reflection spectroscopy on the misfit phase superconductors ${(\mathrm{PbSe})}_{1.12}({\mathrm{TaSe}}_{2})$ doped with Cl or Br

By Liqiang Che, Tian Le, Qi Huang, Lichang Yin, Ye Chen, Xiaohui Yang, Zhu-An Xu, and Xin Lu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Liqiang Che, Tian Le, Qi Huang, Lichang Yin, Ye Chen, Xiaohui Yang, Zhu-An Xu, and Xin Lu

We report point-contact Andreev reflection spectroscopy studies on possible topological superconductor candidates Cl- (Br-) doped (${\mathrm{PbSe})}_{1.12}({\mathrm{TaSe}}_{2})$ with superconducting transition temperature ${T}_{c}∼$ 1.2 K. A common double-peak feature is observed for the conductance...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024512] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Torsional chiral magnetic effect due to skyrmion textures in a Weyl superfluid $^{3}\mathrm{He}\text{−}\mathrm{A}$

By Yusuke Ishihara, Takeshi Mizushima, Atsushi Tsuruta, and Satoshi Fujimoto from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yusuke Ishihara, Takeshi Mizushima, Atsushi Tsuruta, and Satoshi Fujimoto

We investigate torsional chiral magnetic effect (TCME) induced by skyrmion-vortex textures in the A phase of the superfluid $^{3}\mathrm{He}$. In $^{3}\mathrm{He}\text{−}\mathrm{A}$, Bogoliubov quasiparticles around point nodes behave as Weyl fermions, and the nodal direction represented by the $ℓ$ ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024513] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Renormalizations in unconventional superconducting states of ${\mathrm{Ce}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{Yb}}_{x}{\mathrm{CoIn}}_{5}$

By Z. F. Ding, J. Zhang, C. Tan, K. Huang, Q. Y. Chen, I. Lum, O. O. Bernal, P.-C. Ho, D. E. MacLaughlin, M. B. Maple, and L. Shu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Z. F. Ding, J. Zhang, C. Tan, K. Huang, Q. Y. Chen, I. Lum, O. O. Bernal, P.-C. Ho, D. E. MacLaughlin, M. B. Maple, and L. Shu

We have measured the superconducting penetration depth $\mathrm{Λ}(T)$ in the heavy-fermion/intermediate-valent superconducting alloy series ${\mathrm{Ce}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{Yb}}_{x}{\mathrm{CoIn}}_{5}$ using a transverse-field muon spin relaxation to study the effect of intermediate-valent Yb doping on...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035136] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Diagrammatic Monte Carlo algorithm for the resonant Fermi gas

By K. Van Houcke, F. Werner, T. Ohgoe, N. V. Prokof'ev, and B. V. Svistunov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): K. Van Houcke, F. Werner, T. Ohgoe, N. V. Prokof'ev, and B. V. Svistunov

We provide a description of a diagrammatic Monte Carlo algorithm for the resonant Fermi gas in the normal phase. Details are given on the diagrammatic framework, Monte Carlo moves, and incorporation of ultraviolet asymptotics. Apart from the self-consistent bold scheme, we also describe a non-self-c...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035140] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Tunable topological semimetallic phases in Kondo lattice systems

By Yen-Wen Lu, Po-Hao Chou, Chung-Hou Chung, and Chung-Yu Mou from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yen-Wen Lu, Po-Hao Chou, Chung-Hou Chung, and Chung-Yu Mou

We exploit topological semimetallic phases resulting from the Kondo screening in Anderson lattice models. It is shown that by including spin-orbit interactions both in the bulk electrons and in the hybridization between the conduction electrons and electrons in the $f$ orbit, all types of topologica...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035141] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Magnetoresistance from Fermi surface topology

By ShengNan Zhang, QuanSheng Wu, Yi Liu, and Oleg V. Yazyev from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): ShengNan Zhang, QuanSheng Wu, Yi Liu, and Oleg V. Yazyev

Extremely large nonsaturating magnetoresistance has recently been reported for a large number of both topologically trivial and nontrivial materials. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the observed magnetotransport properties, yet without arriving to definitive conclusions or portray...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035142] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Nonequilibrium steady-state Kubo formula: Equality of transport coefficients

By Marko Žnidarič from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Marko Žnidarič

We address the question of whether transport coefficients obtained from a unitary closed system setting, i.e., the standard equilibrium Green-Kubo formula, are the same as the ones obtained from a weakly driven nonequilibrium steady-state calculation. We first derive a nonequilibrium Kubo-like expre...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035143] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Spin polarization of photoelectrons in GaAs excited by twisted photons

By Maria Solyanik-Gorgone and Andrei Afanasev from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Maria Solyanik-Gorgone and Andrei Afanasev

Interband photoexcitation of electron states with the twisted photons in GaAs, a direct band-gap bulk semiconductor, is considered theoretically. Assuming linearity of the quantum transition amplitudes and applying Wigner-Eckart theorem, we derive a plane-wave expansion of twisted-photon amplitudes....


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035204] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Braiding quantum circuit based on the $4π$ Josephson effect

By John P. T. Stenger, Michael Hatridge, Sergey M. Frolov, and David Pekker from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): John P. T. Stenger, Michael Hatridge, Sergey M. Frolov, and David Pekker

We propose a topological qubit in which braiding and readout are mediated by the $4π$ Majorana-Josephson effect. The braidonium device consists of three Majorana nanowires that come together to make a trijunction. In order to control the superconducting phase differences at the trijunction, the nano...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035307] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Comprehensive analysis of photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers via time-dependent three-dimensional coupled-wave theory

By Takuya Inoue, Ryohei Morita, Masahiro Yoshida, Menaka De Zoysa, Yoshinori Tanaka, and Susumu Noda from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Takuya Inoue, Ryohei Morita, Masahiro Yoshida, Menaka De Zoysa, Yoshinori Tanaka, and Susumu Noda

We develop a time-dependent three-dimensional coupled-wave theory (3D-CWT) for the transient analysis of photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers (PCSELs). Our model takes into account the temporal evolution of both the photon and carrier distribution inside PCSELs, which enable the analysis of vari...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035308] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Observation of intercalation-driven zone folding in quasi-free-standing graphene energy bands

By Yi Lin, Ge Chen, Jerzy T. Sadowski, Yunzhe Li, Samuel A. Tenney, Jerry I. Dadap, Mark S. Hybertsen, and Richard M. Osgood, Jr. from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yi Lin, Ge Chen, Jerzy T. Sadowski, Yunzhe Li, Samuel A. Tenney, Jerry I. Dadap, Mark S. Hybertsen, and Richard M. Osgood, Jr.

Two-photon photoemission measurements reveal a near-zero-dispersion empty electronic state, approximately 2.6 eV above the Fermi energy and near the Brillouin zone center, induced by oxygen intercalation at the graphene-Ir(111) interface. While oxygen intercalation leads to quasi-free-standing graph...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035428] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Excitons without effective mass: Biased bilayer graphene

By Pengke Li (李鹏科) and Ian Appelbaum from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Pengke Li (李鹏科) and Ian Appelbaum

Understanding the dynamics of excitons in two-dimensional semiconductors requires a theory that incorporates the essential physics distinct from their three-dimensional counterparts. In addition to the modified dielectric environment, single-particle states with strongly nonparabolic dispersion appe...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035429] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Boundary conditions of viscous electron flow

By Egor I. Kiselev and Jörg Schmalian from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Egor I. Kiselev and Jörg Schmalian

The sensitivity of charge, heat, or momentum transport to the sample geometry is a hallmark of viscous electron flow. Therefore hydrodynamic electronics requires a detailed understanding of electron flow in finite geometries. The solution of the corresponding generalized Navier-Stokes equations depe...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035430] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Exciton spectroscopy of optical reflection from wide quantum wells

By E. S. Khramtsov, P. S. Grigoryev, D. K. Loginov, I. V. Ignatiev, Yu. P. Efimov, S. A. Eliseev, P. Yu. Shapochkin, E. L. Ivchenko, and M. Bayer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): E. S. Khramtsov, P. S. Grigoryev, D. K. Loginov, I. V. Ignatiev, Yu. P. Efimov, S. A. Eliseev, P. Yu. Shapochkin, E. L. Ivchenko, and M. Bayer

Optical spectroscopy of resonant reflection has been used for both experimental and theoretical studies of the exciton-light interaction in wide, high-quality quantum-well structures with the widths exceeding the exciton Bohr radius by an order of magnitude or more. The light mixes the low-lying con...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035431] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Counter-thermal flow of holes in high-mobility ${\mathrm{LaNiO}}_{3}$ thin films

By Changjiang Liu, Friederike Wrobel, Jason D. Hoffman, Deshun Hong, John E. Pearson, Eva Benckiser, and Anand Bhattacharya from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Changjiang Liu, Friederike Wrobel, Jason D. Hoffman, Deshun Hong, John E. Pearson, Eva Benckiser, and Anand Bhattacharya

Measurements of electronic structure and theoretical models indicate that the Fermi surface of ${\mathrm{LaNiO}}_{3}$ (LNO) is predominantly holelike, with a small electron pocket. However, measurements of the Hall and Seebeck effects yield nominally opposite signs for the dominant charge carrier ty...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 041114(R)] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Why the critical temperature of high-${T}_{c}$ cuprate superconductors is so low: The importance of the dynamical vertex structure

By Motoharu Kitatani, Thomas Schäfer, Hideo Aoki, and Karsten Held from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Motoharu Kitatani, Thomas Schäfer, Hideo Aoki, and Karsten Held

To fathom the mechanism of high-temperature (${T}_{c}$) superconductivity, the dynamical vertex approximation is evoked for the two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model. After showing that our results reproduce well the cuprate phase diagram with a reasonable ${T}_{c}$ and dome structure, we keep tra...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 041115(R)] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Disorder-driven exceptional lines and Fermi ribbons in tilted nodal-line semimetals

By Kristof Moors, Alexander A. Zyuzin, Alexander Yu. Zyuzin, Rakesh P. Tiwari, and Thomas L. Schmidt from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Kristof Moors, Alexander A. Zyuzin, Alexander Yu. Zyuzin, Rakesh P. Tiwari, and Thomas L. Schmidt

We consider the impact of disorder on the spectrum of three-dimensional nodal-line semimetals. We show that the combination of disorder and a tilted spectrum naturally leads to a non-Hermitian self-energy contribution that can split a nodal line into a pair of exceptional lines. These exceptional li...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 041116(R)] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Stone-Wales graphene: A two-dimensional carbon semimetal with magic stability

By HengChuang Yin, Xizhi Shi, Chaoyu He, Miguel Martinez-Canales, Jin Li, Chris J. Pickard, Chao Tang, Tao Ouyang, Chunxiao Zhang, and Jianxin Zhong from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): HengChuang Yin, Xizhi Shi, Chaoyu He, Miguel Martinez-Canales, Jin Li, Chris J. Pickard, Chao Tang, Tao Ouyang, Chunxiao Zhang, and Jianxin Zhong

A two-dimensional carbon allotrope, Stone-Wales graphene, is identified in stochastic group and graph constrained searches and systematically investigated by first-principles calculations. Stone-Wales graphene consists of well-arranged Stone-Wales defects, and it can be constructed through a ${90}^{...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 041405(R)] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Protected hole valley states in single-layer $\mathrm{Mo}{\mathrm{S}}_{2}$

By Fabio Bussolotti, Hiroyo Kawai, Swee Liang Wong, and Kuan Eng Johnson Goh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Fabio Bussolotti, Hiroyo Kawai, Swee Liang Wong, and Kuan Eng Johnson Goh

We present an angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of single-layer $\mathrm{Mo}{\mathrm{S}}_{2}$ where interaction with a supporting highly ordered pyrolytic graphite substrate was controlled by temperature change, consistent with related modifications in the layer-substrate distance. The...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045134] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Energy relaxation in hot electron quantum optics via acoustic and optical phonon emission

By C. Emary, L. A. Clark, M. Kataoka, and N. Johnson from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): C. Emary, L. A. Clark, M. Kataoka, and N. Johnson

We study theoretically the relaxation of hot quantum-Hall edge-channel electrons under the emission of both acoustic and optical phonons. Aiming to model recent experiments with single-electron sources, we describe simulations that provide the distribution of electron energies and arrival times at a...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045306] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Thermally driven spin transfer torque system far from equilibrium: Enhancement of thermoelectric current via pumping current

By Tim Ludwig, Igor S. Burmistrov, Yuval Gefen, and Alexander Shnirman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Tim Ludwig, Igor S. Burmistrov, Yuval Gefen, and Alexander Shnirman

We consider a small itinerant ferromagnet exposed to an external magnetic field and strongly driven by a thermally induced spin current. For this model, we derive the quasiclassical equations of motion for the magnetization where the effects of a dynamical nonequilibrium distribution function are ta...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045429] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Engineering statistical transmutation of identical quantum particles

By Simone Barbarino, Rosario Fazio, Vlatko Vedral, and Yuval Gefen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Simone Barbarino, Rosario Fazio, Vlatko Vedral, and Yuval Gefen

A fundamental pillar of quantum mechanics concerns indistinguishable quantum particles. In three dimensions they may be classified into fermions or bosons, having, respectively, antisymmetric or symmetric wave functions under particle exchange. One of the numerous manifestations of this quantum stat...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045430] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

DFT-based study of electron transport through ferrocene compounds with different anchor groups in different adsorption configurations of an STM setup

By Xin Zhao and Robert Stadler from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Xin Zhao and Robert Stadler

In our theoretical study in which we combine a nonequilibrium Green's function approach with density functional theory (DFT) we investigate compounds containing a ferrocene moiety which is connected to (i) thiol anchor groups on both sides in a para-connection and (ii) a pyridyl anchor group on one ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045431] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Exciton in phosphorene: Strain, impurity, thickness, and heterostructure

By Srilatha Arra, Rohit Babar, and Mukul Kabir from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Srilatha Arra, Rohit Babar, and Mukul Kabir

Reduced electron screening in two dimensions plays a fundamental role in determining exciton properties, which dictates optoelectronic and photonic device performances. Considering the explicit electron-hole interaction within the $GW$ plus Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) formalism, we first study the...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045432] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Impact of magnetic nanoparticles on the Casimir pressure in three-layer systems

By G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, E. K. Nepomnyashchaya, and E. N. Velichko from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, E. K. Nepomnyashchaya, and E. N. Velichko

The Casimir pressure is investigated in three-layer systems where the intervening stratum possesses magnetic properties. This subject is gaining in importance in connection with ferrofluids and their use in various microelectromechanical devices. We present general formalism of the Lifshitz theory a...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045433] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Glassy Properties of Anderson Localization: Pinning, Avalanches, and Chaos

By G. Lemarié from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): G. Lemarié

I present the results of extensive numerical simulations, which reveal the glassy properties of Anderson localization in dimension two at zero temperature: pinning, avalanches, and chaos. I first show that strong localization confines quantum transport along paths that are pinned by disorder but can...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 030401] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Nanomolding of Crystalline Metals: The Smaller the Easier

By Ze Liu, Guoxing Han, Sungwoo Sohn, Naijia Liu, and Jan Schroers from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): Ze Liu, Guoxing Han, Sungwoo Sohn, Naijia Liu, and Jan Schroers

Molding crystalline metals like silver into nanopillar structures is both possible and easier to achieve for narrower pillars, in contrast with other materials.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 036101] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Ferroelectric Control of Interface Spin Filtering in Multiferroic Tunnel Junctions

By J. Tornos, F. Gallego, S. Valencia, Y. H. Liu, V. Rouco, V. Lauter, R. Abrudan, C. Luo, H. Ryll, Q. Wang, D. Hernandez-Martin, G. Orfila, M. Cabero, F. Cuellar, D. Arias, F. J. Mompean, M. Garcia-Hernandez, F. Radu, T. R. Charlton, A. Rivera-Calzada, Z. Sefrioui, S. G. E. te Velthuis, C. Leon, and J. Santamaria from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Author(s): J. Tornos, F. Gallego, S. Valencia, Y. H. Liu, V. Rouco, V. Lauter, R. Abrudan, C. Luo, H. Ryll, Q. Wang, D. Hernandez-Martin, G. Orfila, M. Cabero, F. Cuellar, D. Arias, F. J. Mompean, M. Garcia-Hernandez, F. Radu, T. R. Charlton, A. Rivera-Calzada, Z. Sefrioui, S. G. E. te Velthuis, C. Leon, and J. Santamaria

The electronic reconstruction occurring at oxide interfaces may be the source of interesting device concepts for future oxide electronics. Among oxide devices, multiferroic tunnel junctions are being actively investigated as they offer the possibility to modulate the junction current by independentl...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 037601] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Lasers that shine brighter

By L. Kuipers from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Lasers that shine brighter

Lasers that shine brighter, Published online: 22 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0278-z

A photonic crystal design, consisting of two separated lattices arranged in a specific way, forms the base of high-brightness semiconductor lasers, with a very narrow beam divergence angle.

Helium’s deep mystery

By Philip Ball from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Helium’s deep mystery

Helium’s deep mystery, Published online: 22 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0283-x

Helium’s deep mystery

Next-generation malarial vaccines

By Yvette van Kooyk from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Next-generation malarial vaccines

Next-generation malarial vaccines, Published online: 22 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0267-2

A vaccine platform developed from a synthetic polymeric glyco-adjuvant and reversibly conjugated to an antigen was shown to target dendritic cells leading to cellular and humoral immune response against malaria.

Lessons from the periodic table

From Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Lessons from the periodic table

Lessons from the periodic table, Published online: 22 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0285-8

As the periodic table reaches the age of 150, we reflect on the historical search for new elements, and consider element usage trends in some key research fields.

Publisher Correction: Immunoglobulin deposition on biomolecule corona determines complement opsonization efficiency of preclinical and clinical nanoparticles

By Dmitri Simberg from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 22, 2019.

Publisher Correction: Immunoglobulin deposition on biomolecule corona determines complement opsonization efficiency of preclinical and clinical nanoparticles

Publisher Correction: Immunoglobulin deposition on biomolecule corona determines complement opsonization efficiency of preclinical and clinical nanoparticles, Published online: 22 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0379-0

Publisher Correction: Immunoglobulin deposition on biomolecule corona determines complement opsonization efficiency of preclinical and clinical nanoparticles

Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response

By Xiaoyu (Rayne) Zheng from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response

Three-dimensional printing of piezoelectric materials with designed anisotropy and directional response, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0268-1

Piezoelectrics convert force into electrical charge, and vice versa, but the coefficients that determine piezoelectric behaviour are constrained by crystal structure. Here, metamaterials are 3D printed that show arbitrary piezoelectric coefficients.

Chiral crystal-like droplets displaying unidirectional rotational sliding

By Takanori Fukushima from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Chiral crystal-like droplets displaying unidirectional rotational sliding

Chiral crystal-like droplets displaying unidirectional rotational sliding, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0270-7

A chiral discotic triphenylene derivative spontaneously forms millimetre-sized assemblies with high structural order and fluid-like behaviour.

Sterile particle-induced inflammation is mediated by macrophages releasing IL-33 through a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway

By William C. Gause from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Sterile particle-induced inflammation is mediated by macrophages releasing IL-33 through a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway

Sterile particle-induced inflammation is mediated by macrophages releasing IL-33 through a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0271-6

Microparticle wear debris from prosthetic implants following patient revision surgery is observed to induce a potent type 2 inflammatory response involving cytokine secretion by macrophages through a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase-dependent signalling pathway.

Vanishing skyrmion Hall effect at the angular momentum compensation temperature of a ferrimagnet

By Teruo Ono from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Vanishing skyrmion Hall effect at the angular momentum compensation temperature of a ferrimagnet

Vanishing skyrmion Hall effect at the angular momentum compensation temperature of a ferrimagnet, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0345-2

The temperature-dependent transverse elongation of ferrimagnetic bubbles provides experimental evidence for an evanescent skyrmion Hall effect at zero spin density.

Deep learning beats the optical diffraction limit

By Andrey Miroshnichenko from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Deep learning beats the optical diffraction limit

Deep learning beats the optical diffraction limit, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0357-y

A deep learning approach enables up to nine bits of information to be encoded per diffraction-limited area.

Observation of ballistic avalanche phenomena in nanoscale vertical InSe/BP heterostructures

By Xiaomu Wang from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Observation of ballistic avalanche phenomena in nanoscale vertical InSe/BP heterostructures

Observation of ballistic avalanche phenomena in nanoscale vertical InSe/BP heterostructures, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0348-z

Ballistic avalanche phenomena in vertical InSe/BP heterostructures enable the demonstration of high-performance avalanche photodetectors and impact ionization transistors.

Pushing the limits of optical information storage using deep learning

By Guilhem Larrieu from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Pushing the limits of optical information storage using deep learning

Pushing the limits of optical information storage using deep learning, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0346-1

A machine-learning approach based on digital information encoding using silicon nanostructures enables a quasi-error-free read-out of sequences of up to 9 bit.

Achromatic metalens array for full-colour light-field imaging

By Din Ping Tsai from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Achromatic metalens array for full-colour light-field imaging

Achromatic metalens array for full-colour light-field imaging, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0347-0

A metalens array of GaN nanoantennas is used to make a full-colour achromatic light-field camera.

Endosomolytic polymersomes increase the activity of cyclic dinucleotide STING agonists to enhance cancer immunotherapy

By John T. Wilson from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 21, 2019.

Endosomolytic polymersomes increase the activity of cyclic dinucleotide STING agonists to enhance cancer immunotherapy

Endosomolytic polymersomes increase the activity of cyclic dinucleotide STING agonists to enhance cancer immunotherapy, Published online: 21 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0342-5

Rationally designed polymer vesicles increase cytosolic delivery of cGAMP, activating the STING pathway and increasing the immunogenicity of the tumour microenvironment in in vivo murine models of melanoma and in human metastatic melanoma tissues.

Local order in Cr-Fe-Co-Ni: Experiment and electronic structure calculations

By B. Schönfeld, C. R. Sax, J. Zemp, M. Engelke, P. Boesecke, T. Kresse, T. Boll, T. Al-Kassab, O. E. Peil, and A. V. Ruban from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): B. Schönfeld, C. R. Sax, J. Zemp, M. Engelke, P. Boesecke, T. Kresse, T. Boll, T. Al-Kassab, O. E. Peil, and A. V. Ruban

A quenched-in state of thermal equilibrium (at 723 K) in a single crystal of Cr-Fe-Co-Ni close to equal atomic percent was studied. Atom probe tomography revealed a single-phase state with no signs of long-range order. The presence of short-range order (SRO) was established by diffuse x-ray scatteri...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014206] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Surface acoustic wave coupled to magnetic resonance on multiferroic ${\mathrm{CuB}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$

By R. Sasaki, Y. Nii, and Y. Onose from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): R. Sasaki, Y. Nii, and Y. Onose

We observed surface acoustic wave (SAW) propagation on a multiferroic material ${\mathrm{CuB}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ with use of two interdigital transducers (IDTs). The period of IDT fingers is as short as 1.6 $μ\mathrm{m}$ so that the frequency of SAW is 3 GHz, which is comparable with that of magn...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014418] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Tunability of magnetic anisotropy of Co on two-dimensional materials by tetrahedral bonding

By D. Odkhuu, T. Tsevelmaa, P. Taivansaikhan, N. Park, S. C. Hong, and S. H. Rhim from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): D. Odkhuu, T. Tsevelmaa, P. Taivansaikhan, N. Park, S. C. Hong, and S. H. Rhim

Pairing of $π$ electronic state structures with functional or metallic atoms makes them possible to engineer physical and chemical properties. Herein, we predict the reorientation of magnetization of Co on hexagonal BN ($h\text{−}\mathrm{BN}$) and graphene multilayers. The driving mechanism is the f...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014419] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Ab initio study of the LiH phase diagram at extreme pressures and temperatures

By Sananda Biswas, Ion Errea, Matteo Calandra, Francesco Mauri, and Sandro Scandolo from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Sananda Biswas, Ion Errea, Matteo Calandra, Francesco Mauri, and Sandro Scandolo

The effect of anharmonic vibrational contributions to the finite-temperature pressure-driven B1-B2 structural phase transition of LiH is studied by using the stochastic self-consistent harmonic approximation method in combination with ab initio density functional theory and the quasiharmonic approxi...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024108] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Spin-dependent electron transmission model for chiral molecules in mesoscopic devices

By Xu Yang, Caspar H. van der Wal, and Bart J. van Wees from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Xu Yang, Caspar H. van der Wal, and Bart J. van Wees

Experimental observations have suggested that certain chiral molecules may be able to function as spin polarizers, an effect that promises new spintronic applications but whose mechanism remains unclear. Here, the authors bypass the microscopic origin of the effect and approach it by applying universal theorems of electrical conduction to mesoscopic devices that contain chiral molecules. This leads to a theoretical model that can quantitatively evaluate transport experiments and distinguish spin signals related to chiral molecules from other magnetic field dependent signals.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024418] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Magnetic structure of the triangular antiferromagnet $\mathrm{RbFe}{({\mathrm{MoO}}_{4})}_{2}$ weakly doped with nonmagnetic ${\mathrm{K}}^{+}$ ions studied by NMR

By Yu. A. Sakhratov, M. Prinz-Zwick, D. Wilson, N. Büttgen, A. Ya. Shapiro, L. E. Svistov, and A. P. Reyes from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Yu. A. Sakhratov, M. Prinz-Zwick, D. Wilson, N. Büttgen, A. Ya. Shapiro, L. E. Svistov, and A. P. Reyes

The magnetic structure of the quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet ${\mathrm{Rb}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{K}}_{x}\mathrm{Fe}{({\mathrm{MoO}}_{4})}_{2}$ with weakly distorted triangular lattice was studied with $^{87}\mathrm{Rb}$ NMR. The samples with $0≤x≤0.15$ were studied in the field region near ${H}_{\ma...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024419] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Excessive noise as a test for many-body localization

By I. Tamir, T. Levinson, F. Gorniaczyk, A. Doron, J. Lieb, and D. Shahar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): I. Tamir, T. Levinson, F. Gorniaczyk, A. Doron, J. Lieb, and D. Shahar

Recent experimental reports suggested the existence of a finite-temperature insulator in the vicinity of the superconductor-insulator transition. The rapid decay of conductivity over a narrow temperature range was theoretically linked to both a finite-temperature transition to a many-body-localized ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035135] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Dynamical structure factor in the non-Abelian phase of the Kitaev honeycomb model in the presence of quenched disorder

By Daniel Otten, Ananda Roy, and Fabian Hassler from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Daniel Otten, Ananda Roy, and Fabian Hassler

Kitaev's model of spins interacting on a honeycomb lattice describes a quantum spin liquid, where an emergent static ${\mathbb{Z}}_{2}$ gauge field is coupled to Majorana fermions. In the presence of an external magnetic field and for a range of interaction strengths, the system behaves as a gapped,...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035137] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Efficient and accurate calculation of band gaps of halide perovskites with the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential

By Boubacar Traoré, Gaëlle Bouder, William Lafargue-Dit-Hauret, Xavier Rocquefelte, Claudine Katan, Fabien Tran, and Mikaël Kepenekian from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Boubacar Traoré, Gaëlle Bouder, William Lafargue-Dit-Hauret, Xavier Rocquefelte, Claudine Katan, Fabien Tran, and Mikaël Kepenekian

We report on a reoptimization of the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson (TB-mBJ) potential dedicated to the prediction of the band gaps of three-dimensional (3D) and layered hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOPs) within pseudopotential-based density functional theory methods. These materials hol...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035139] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Vacancies in SnSe single crystals in a near-equilibrium state

By K. Sraitrova, J. Cizek, V. Holy, T. Plechacek, L. Benes, M. Jarosova, V. Kucek, and C. Drasar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): K. Sraitrova, J. Cizek, V. Holy, T. Plechacek, L. Benes, M. Jarosova, V. Kucek, and C. Drasar

The development of intrinsic vacancies in SnSe single crystals was investigated as a function of annealing temperature by means of positron annihilation spectroscopy accompanied by transport measurements. It has been demonstrated that two types of vacancies are present in single-crystalline SnSe. Wh...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035306] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Scrambling via braiding of nonabelions

By Zhi-Cheng Yang, Konstantinos Meichanetzidis, Stefanos Kourtis, and Claudio Chamon from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Zhi-Cheng Yang, Konstantinos Meichanetzidis, Stefanos Kourtis, and Claudio Chamon

We study how quantum states are scrambled via braiding in systems of non-Abelian anyons through the lens of entanglement spectrum statistics. In particular, we focus on the degree of scrambling, defined as the randomness produced by braiding, at the same amount of entanglement entropy. To quantify t...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045132] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Important role of screening the electron-hole exchange interaction for the optical properties of molecules near metal surfaces

By Thorsten Deilmann and Kristian Sommer Thygesen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Thorsten Deilmann and Kristian Sommer Thygesen

Optical experiments on nanostructures such as molecules, one- or two-dimensional materials, are often performed with the nanostructures in close proximity of a substrate or some other polarizable media. In this case, the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) can be used to calculate the optical excitations ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045133] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Spin stiffness and domain walls in Dirac-electron mediated magnets

By Sahinur Reja, H. A. Fertig, and L. Brey from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Sahinur Reja, H. A. Fertig, and L. Brey

Gapless two-dimensional Dirac electrons are realized in a large variety of contexts, including graphene and topological-insulator surfaces. For many such systems considerable effort has been put into exploiting them to couple magnetic moments - magnetic impurities or moment-carrying crystal defects - to endow the system with magnetic properties. In this work, the authors show that such magnets generically support an emergent long-range interaction, realized in the spin stiffness of the resulting magnet, with remarkable consequences for domain-wall excitations.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045427] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Phase-dependent heat and charge transport through superconductor–quantum dot hybrids

By Mathias Kamp and Björn Sothmann from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Mathias Kamp and Björn Sothmann

We analyze heat and charge transport through a single-level quantum dot coupled to two BCS superconductors at different temperatures to first order in the tunnel coupling. In order to describe the system theoretically, we extend a real-time diagrammatic technique that allows us to capture the interp...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045428] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Diffusive Heat Waves in Random Conformal Field Theory

By Edwin Langmann and Per Moosavi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Edwin Langmann and Per Moosavi

We propose and study a conformal field theory (CFT) model with random position-dependent velocity that, as we argue, naturally emerges as an effective description of heat transport in one-dimensional quantum many-body systems with certain static random impurities. We present exact analytical results...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020201] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Dynamic Shear Suppression in Quantum Phase Space

By Maxime Oliva and Ole Steuernagel from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Maxime Oliva and Ole Steuernagel

Classical phase space flow is inviscid. Here we show that in quantum phase space Wigner’s probability current $\mathbf{J}$ can be effectively viscous. This results in shear suppression in quantum phase space dynamics which enforces Zurek’s limit for the minimum size scale of spotty structures that d...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020401] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Experimental Engineering of Arbitrary Qudit States with Discrete-Time Quantum Walks

By Taira Giordani, Emanuele Polino, Sabrina Emiliani, Alessia Suprano, Luca Innocenti, Helena Majury, Lorenzo Marrucci, Mauro Paternostro, Alessandro Ferraro, Nicolò Spagnolo, and Fabio Sciarrino from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Taira Giordani, Emanuele Polino, Sabrina Emiliani, Alessia Suprano, Luca Innocenti, Helena Majury, Lorenzo Marrucci, Mauro Paternostro, Alessandro Ferraro, Nicolò Spagnolo, and Fabio Sciarrino

The capability to generate and manipulate quantum states in high-dimensional Hilbert spaces is a crucial step for the development of quantum technologies, from quantum communication to quantum computation. One-dimensional quantum walk dynamics represents a valid tool in the task of engineering arbit...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020503] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Learning a Local Hamiltonian from Local Measurements

By Eyal Bairey, Itai Arad, and Netanel H. Lindner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Eyal Bairey, Itai Arad, and Netanel H. Lindner

Recovering an unknown Hamiltonian from measurements is an increasingly important task for certification of noisy quantum devices and simulators. Recent works have succeeded in recovering the Hamiltonian of an isolated quantum system with local interactions from long-ranged correlators of a single ei...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020504] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Revealing Color Forces with Transverse Polarized Electron Scattering

By W. Armstrong <em>et al.</em> (SANE Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): W. Armstrong et al. (SANE Collaboration)

The Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment measured two double spin asymmetries using a polarized proton target and polarized electron beam at two beam energies, 4.7 and 5.9 GeV. A large-acceptance open-configuration detector package identified scattered electrons at 40° and covered a wide range...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 022002] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Precise Determination of the Branching Ratio of the Neutral-Pion Dalitz Decay

By Tomáš Husek, Evgueni Goudzovski, and Karol Kampf from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Tomáš Husek, Evgueni Goudzovski, and Karol Kampf

We provide a new value for the ratio $R=\mathrm{Γ}\mathbf{(}{π}^{0}→{e}^{+}{e}^{−}γ(γ)\mathbf{)}/\mathrm{Γ}({π}^{0}→γγ)=11.978(6)×{10}^{−3}$, which is by 2 orders of magnitude more precise than the current Particle Data Group average. It is obtained using the complete set of the next-to-leading-orde...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 022003] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Dirac Vacuum as a Transport Medium for Information

By Q. Su and R. Grobe from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Q. Su and R. Grobe

Usually, the transport of information requires either an electromagnetic field or matter as a carrier. It turns out that the Dirac vacuum modes could be exploited as a potentially loss-free carrier of information between two distant locations in space. At the first location, a spatially localized el...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023603] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Irreversible Hysteresis of Internal Structure of Tangle Dissipative Optical Solitons

By S. V. Fedorov, N. A. Veretenov, and N. N. Rosanov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): S. V. Fedorov, N. A. Veretenov, and N. N. Rosanov

For three-dimensional tangle laser solitons that have a number of unclosed and closed vortex lines and coexist in a range of the scheme parameters, we predict irreversible hysteretic transformation of their internal structure when a system parameter slowly and regularly varies crossing the boundary ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023903] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

How Do Ice Crystals Grow inside Quasiliquid Layers?

By Ken-ichiro Murata, Ken Nagashima, and Gen Sazaki from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Ken-ichiro Murata, Ken Nagashima, and Gen Sazaki

A microscopic understanding of crystal-melt interfaces, inseparably involved in the dynamics of crystallization, is a long-standing challenge in condensed matter physics. Here, using an advanced optical microscopy, we directly visualize growing interfaces between ice basal faces and quasiliquid laye...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026102] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Kohn-Luttinger Superconductivity in Twisted Bilayer Graphene

By J. González and T. Stauber from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): J. González and T. Stauber

We show that the recently observed superconductivity in twisted bilayer graphene (TBG) can be explained as a consequence of the Kohn-Luttinger (KL) instability which leads to an effective attraction between electrons with originally repulsive interaction. Usually, the KL instability takes place at e...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026801] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Competing Fractional Quantum Hall and Electron Solid Phases in Graphene

By Shaowen Chen, Rebeca Ribeiro-Palau, Kang Yang, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, James Hone, Mark O. Goerbig, and Cory R. Dean from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Shaowen Chen, Rebeca Ribeiro-Palau, Kang Yang, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, James Hone, Mark O. Goerbig, and Cory R. Dean

Graphene shows a many-body phase arising from competition between an electron solid and the fractional quantum Hall effect.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026802] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Anomalously Damped Heat-Assisted Route for Precessional Magnetization Reversal in an Iron Garnet

By C. S. Davies, K. H. Prabhakara, M. D. Davydova, K. A. Zvezdin, T. B. Shapaeva, S. Wang, A. K. Zvezdin, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): C. S. Davies, K. H. Prabhakara, M. D. Davydova, K. A. Zvezdin, T. B. Shapaeva, S. Wang, A. K. Zvezdin, A. Kirilyuk, Th. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel

A heat-assisted route for subnanosecond magnetic recording is discovered for the dielectric bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet, known for possessing small magnetic damping. The experiments and simulations reveal that the route involves nonlinear magnetization precession, triggered by a transien...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027202] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Nonlinearity in the Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation with Extremely High Efficiency

By Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, and Costas M. Soukoulis from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, and Costas M. Soukoulis

Plasmonic metamaterials and metasurfaces offer new opportunities in developing high performance terahertz emitters and detectors beyond the limitations of conventional nonlinear materials. However, simple meta-atoms for second-order nonlinear applications encounter fundamental trade-offs in the nece...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027401] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Heterogeneous Activation, Local Structure, and Softness in Supercooled Colloidal Liquids

By Xiaoguang Ma, Zoey S. Davidson, Tim Still, Robert J. S. Ivancic, S. S. Schoenholz, A. J. Liu, and A. G. Yodh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Xiaoguang Ma, Zoey S. Davidson, Tim Still, Robert J. S. Ivancic, S. S. Schoenholz, A. J. Liu, and A. G. Yodh

Multiple exponential relaxation channels in a glass-forming supercooled liquid give rise to non-exponential behavior in a local order parameter associated with “softness.”


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 028001] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Dependence of DNA Persistence Length on Ionic Strength and Ion Type

By Sébastien Guilbaud, Laurence Salomé, Nicolas Destainville, Manoel Manghi, and Catherine Tardin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 18, 2019.

Author(s): Sébastien Guilbaud, Laurence Salomé, Nicolas Destainville, Manoel Manghi, and Catherine Tardin

Even though the persistence length ${L}_{P}$ of double-stranded DNA plays a pivotal role in cell biology and nanotechnologies, its dependence on ionic strength $I$ lacks a consensual description. Using a high-throughput single-molecule technique and statistical physics modeling, we measure ${L}_{P}$...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 028102] Published Fri Jan 18, 2019

Anderson localization and delocalization of massless two-dimensional Dirac electrons in random one-dimensional scalar and vector potentials

By Seulong Kim and Kihong Kim from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Seulong Kim and Kihong Kim

We study Anderson localization of massless two-dimensional Dirac electrons in random one-dimensional scalar and vector potentials theoretically for two different cases, in which the scalar and vector potentials are either uncorrelated or correlated. From the Dirac equation, we deduce the effective w...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014205] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

High-pressure dc magnetic measurements on a bisdiselenazolyl radical ferromagnet using a vibrating-coil SQUID magnetometer

By Kunihiko Irie, Keisuke Shibayama, Masaki Mito, Seishi Takagi, Mamoru Ishizuka, Kristina Lekin, and Richard T. Oakley from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Kunihiko Irie, Keisuke Shibayama, Masaki Mito, Seishi Takagi, Mamoru Ishizuka, Kristina Lekin, and Richard T. Oakley

By using a vibrating-coil SQUID magnetometer, a ferromagnetic state with TC at the 30 K level is confirmed for the organic ferromagnet IBPSSEt. The high-pressure dc susceptibility has been measured in order to explore the pressure dependence on the dimensionality of the magnetic interaction network in IBPSSEt, which displays an ideal three-dimensional ferromagnetic network at 2 GPa with TC = 27.5 K. At more elevated pressures, the structure is best described in terms of a one-dimensional ferromagnetic chain.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014417] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Spin phases of the helimagnetic insulator ${\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}{\mathrm{OSeO}}_{3}$ probed by magnon heat conduction

By N. Prasai, A. Akopyan, B. A. Trump, G. G. Marcus, S. X. Huang, T. M. McQueen, and J. L. Cohn from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): N. Prasai, A. Akopyan, B. A. Trump, G. G. Marcus, S. X. Huang, T. M. McQueen, and J. L. Cohn

We report studies of thermal conductivity as functions of magnetic field and temperature in the helimagnetic insulator ${\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}{\mathrm{OSeO}}_{3}$ that reveal novel features of the spin-phase transitions as probed by magnon heat conduction. The tilted conical spiral and low-temperature sk...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 020403(R)] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Temperature-switched anomaly in the spin Seebeck effect in ${\mathrm{Gd}}_{3}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{5}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$

By Ka Shen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Ka Shen

The magnon-polaron induced anomaly has recently been observed in the magnetic field dependence of the spin seebeck effect in ${\mathrm{Y}}_{3}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{5}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$ [T. Kikkawa et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 207203 (2016)]. In the present theoretical work, we show that such an anomaly i...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024417] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Proposal to measure the pair field correlator of a fluctuating pair density wave

By Patrick A. Lee from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Patrick A. Lee

I propose a method to directly measure the space and time dependence of the pair field correlator of a pair density wave. The method is based on two separate ideas. First, I adopt a recently proposed solenoid insertion method to provide the momentum in a tunnel junction. Second, I suggest the use of...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035132] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Parameter transferability, self-doping, and metallicity in ${\mathrm{LaNiO}}_{3}/{\mathrm{LaMnO}}_{3}$ superlattices

By Alejandro Lopez-Bezanilla, Louis-François Arsenault, Anand Bhattacharya, Peter B. Littlewood, and Andrew J. Millis from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Alejandro Lopez-Bezanilla, Louis-François Arsenault, Anand Bhattacharya, Peter B. Littlewood, and Andrew J. Millis

Motivated by recent experiments, we use the $+U$ extension of the generalized gradient approximation to density functional theory to study superlattices composed of alternating layers of ${\mathrm{LaNiO}}_{3}$ and ${\mathrm{LaMnO}}_{3}$. For comparison we also study a rocksalt [(111) double perovski...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035133] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Ground-state phases and quantum criticality of a one-dimensional Peierls model with spin-dependent sign-alternating potentials

By G. I. Japaridze and A. A. Nersesyan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): G. I. Japaridze and A. A. Nersesyan

We consider a one-dimensional commensurate Peierls insulator in the presence of spin-dependent sign-alternating potentials. In a continuum description, the latter supply the fermions with spin-dependent relativistic masses ${m}_{↑,↓}$. The ground-state phase diagram describes three gapped phases: th...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035134] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Viscoelastic response of quantum Hall fluids in a tilted field

By Bendeguz Offertaler and Barry Bradlyn from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Bendeguz Offertaler and Barry Bradlyn

In this paper, we examine the viscoelastic properties of integer quantum Hall (IQH) states in a tilted magnetic field. In particular, we explore to what extent the tilted-field system behaves like a two-dimensional electron gas with anisotropic mass in the presence of strain deformations. We first r...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035427] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Metallic spin-liquid-like behavior of ${\mathrm{LiV}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$

By H. Okabe, M. Hiraishi, A. Koda, K. M. Kojima, S. Takeshita, I. Yamauchi, Y. Matsushita, Y. Kuramoto, and R. Kadono from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): H. Okabe, M. Hiraishi, A. Koda, K. M. Kojima, S. Takeshita, I. Yamauchi, Y. Matsushita, Y. Kuramoto, and R. Kadono

${\mathrm{LiV}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ spinel is known to exhibit heavy-fermion-like behavior below a characteristic temperature ${T}_{K}≃20$ K, while it preserves a paramagnetic state down to $T∼{10}^{−2}$ K due to geometrical frustration. Here, it is shown that the dynamical spin susceptibility $χ(\...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 041113(R)] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Many-body localization in Fock space: A local perspective

By David E. Logan and Staszek Welsh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): David E. Logan and Staszek Welsh

A canonical model for many-body localization (MBL) is studied, of interacting spinless fermions on a lattice with uncorrelated quenched site disorder. The model maps onto a tight-binding model on a ‘Fock-space (FS) lattice’ of many-body states, with an extensive local connectivity. We seek to unders...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045131] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Breakdown of the Sharvin limit in spin pumping with interfacial Rashba spin-orbit coupling

By Ka Shen, Lei Wang, and Ke Xia from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Ka Shen, Lei Wang, and Ke Xia

We theoretically investigate the role of the interfacial Rashba spin-orbit coupling in spin pumping based on a nonperturbative calculation. A nonmonotonic behavior is predicted in the Rashba-strength dependence of the Gilbert damping coefficients. We show that the in-plane damping component can exce...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045421] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Conditions allowing error correction in driven qubits

By Robert E. Throckmorton and S. Das Sarma from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Robert E. Throckmorton and S. Das Sarma

We consider a qubit that is driven along its logical $z$ axis, with noise along the $z$ axis in the driving field $\mathrm{Ω}$ proportional to some function $f(\mathrm{Ω})$, as well as noise along the logical $x$ axis. We establish that whether or not errors due to both types of noise can be cancele...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045422] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Pressure-induced magnetism in rotated graphene bilayers

By Felix Yndurain from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Felix Yndurain

Using ab initio methods based on density functional theory, we show that rotated graphene bilayers at angles different from the magic ones can have an electronic spectrum similar to those by applying moderate external pressures. We find that for an angle of $5.{08}^{∘}$ and a pressure of 2.19 GPa, t...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045423] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Multipole analysis of dielectric metasurfaces composed of nonspherical nanoparticles and lattice invisibility effect

By Pavel D. Terekhov, Viktoriia E. Babicheva, Kseniia V. Baryshnikova, Alexander S. Shalin, Alina Karabchevsky, and Andrey B. Evlyukhin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Pavel D. Terekhov, Viktoriia E. Babicheva, Kseniia V. Baryshnikova, Alexander S. Shalin, Alina Karabchevsky, and Andrey B. Evlyukhin

An effective semianalytical method for analyzing the Cartesian multipole contributions in light transmission and reflection spectra of flat metasurfaces composed of identical nanoparticles is developed and demonstrated. The method combines numerical calculation of metasurface reflection and transmis...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045424] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Observation of highly dispersive bands in pure thin film ${\mathrm{C}}_{60}$

By Drew W. Latzke, Claudia Ojeda-Aristizabal, Sinéad M. Griffin, Jonathan D. Denlinger, Jeffrey B. Neaton, Alex Zettl, and Alessandra Lanzara from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Drew W. Latzke, Claudia Ojeda-Aristizabal, Sinéad M. Griffin, Jonathan D. Denlinger, Jeffrey B. Neaton, Alex Zettl, and Alessandra Lanzara

While long-theorized, the direct observation of multiple highly dispersive ${\mathrm{C}}_{60}$ valence bands has eluded researchers for more than two decades due to a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Here we report a realization of multiple highly dispersive (330–520 meV) valence bands in...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045425] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

Chiral anomaly induced oscillations in the Josephson current in Weyl semimetals

By Salah Uddin, Wenye Duan, Jun Wang, Zhongshui Ma, and Jun-Feng Liu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 17, 2019.

Author(s): Salah Uddin, Wenye Duan, Jun Wang, Zhongshui Ma, and Jun-Feng Liu

Weyl semimetals are a three-dimensional topological phase of matter with linearly dispersed Weyl points which appear in pairs and carry opposite chirality. The separation of paired Weyl points allows charge transfer between them in the presence of parallel electric and magnetic fields, which is know...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 045426] Published Thu Jan 17, 2019

First-principles estimation of partition functions representing disordered lattices such as the cubic phases of ${\mathrm{Li}}_{2}\mathrm{OHCl}$ and ${\mathrm{Li}}_{2}\mathrm{OHBr}$

By Jason Howard and N. A. W. Holzwarth from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Jason Howard and N. A. W. Holzwarth

In order to develop computational methods that can simulate thermodynamic properties of disordered materials at a first-principles level, we investigate the use of a random set of configurations to evaluate the canonical partition function of lattice-based disordered systems. Testing the sampling me...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 014109] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Erratum: Brillouin-Wigner theory for high-frequency expansion in periodically driven systems: Application to Floquet topological insulators [Phys. Rev. B 93, 144307 (2016)]

By Takahiro Mikami, Sota Kitamura, Kenji Yasuda, Naoto Tsuji, Takashi Oka, and Hideo Aoki from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Takahiro Mikami, Sota Kitamura, Kenji Yasuda, Naoto Tsuji, Takashi Oka, and Hideo Aoki
[Phys. Rev. B 99, 019902] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Displacive structural phase transitions and the magnetic ground state of quadruple perovskite ${\mathrm{YMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$

By R. D. Johnson, D. D. Khalyavin, P. Manuel, Y. Katsuya, M. Tanaka, Y. Matsushita, L. Zhang, K. Yamaura, and A. A. Belik from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): R. D. Johnson, D. D. Khalyavin, P. Manuel, Y. Katsuya, M. Tanaka, Y. Matsushita, L. Zhang, K. Yamaura, and A. A. Belik

We present an experimental study of the structural and magnetic phase transitions of the quadruple perovskite ${\mathrm{YMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$. On cooling below 640 K a displacive structural phase transition occurs, lowering the crystal symmetry from cubic $(Im\overline{3})$ to monoclinic $(I2/...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024107] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Electron spin dynamics in $\mathrm{C}{\mathrm{e}}^{3+}$ : YAG crystals: Hyperfine interaction of $4f$ and $5d$ electrons

By P. Liang, Z. Wu, Y. Y. Zhang, R. R. Hu, T. Q. Jia, Y. Yang, S. A. Zhang, Z. R. Sun, and D. H. Feng from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): P. Liang, Z. Wu, Y. Y. Zhang, R. R. Hu, T. Q. Jia, Y. Yang, S. A. Zhang, Z. R. Sun, and D. H. Feng

The electron spin dynamics of $\mathrm{C}{\mathrm{e}}^{3+}$ ions in YAG crystals is studied by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy with an alternating left and right circularly polarized continuous-wave laser modulation technique. The electron spin relaxation due to hyperfine interaction wi...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 024308] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Quantum Hall hierarchy from coupled wires

By Yohei Fuji and Akira Furusaki from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Yohei Fuji and Akira Furusaki

The coupled-wire construction provides a useful way to obtain microscopic Hamiltonians for various two-dimensional topological phases, among which fractional quantum Hall states are paradigmatic examples. Using the recently introduced flux attachment and vortex duality transformations for coupled wi...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035130] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Microscopic description of displacive coherent phonons

By M. Lakehal and I. Paul from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): M. Lakehal and I. Paul

We develop a Hamiltonian-based microscopic description of laser pump induced displacive coherent phonons. The theory captures the feedback of the phonon excitation upon the electronic fluid, which is missing in the state-of-the-art phenomenological formulation. We show that this feedback leads to ch...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035131] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Metallic states induced by quantum lattice fluctuations

By Norikazu Tomita and Akira Takahashi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Norikazu Tomita and Akira Takahashi

We developed a tractable many-body theory in which quantum lattice fluctuations beyond the adiabatic approximation, as well as electronic fluctuations, can be described. A many-body wave function is constructed by the superposition of direct products of Slater determinants for the electrons and the ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035203] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Direct observation of cross-polarized excitons in aligned single-chirality single-wall carbon nanotubes

By Fumiya Katsutani, Weilu Gao, Xinwei Li, Yota Ichinose, Yohei Yomogida, Kazuhiro Yanagi, and Junichiro Kono from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Fumiya Katsutani, Weilu Gao, Xinwei Li, Yota Ichinose, Yohei Yomogida, Kazuhiro Yanagi, and Junichiro Kono

Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for light polarized parallel to the nanotube axis have been studied extensively, whereas their response to light polarized perpendicular to the nanotube axis has not been well explored. Here, by using a macroscopic film of highly aligned si...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 035426] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Simulating Dynamic Quantum Phase Transitions in Photonic Quantum Walks

By Kunkun Wang, Xingze Qiu, Lei Xiao, Xiang Zhan, Zhihao Bian, Wei Yi, and Peng Xue from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Kunkun Wang, Xingze Qiu, Lei Xiao, Xiang Zhan, Zhihao Bian, Wei Yi, and Peng Xue

Signaled by nonanalyticities in the time evolution of physical observables, dynamic quantum phase transitions (DQPTs) emerge in quench dynamics of topological systems and possess an interesting geometric origin captured by dynamic topological order parameters (DTOPs). In this Letter, we report the e...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020501] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Black-Box Quantum State Preparation without Arithmetic

By Yuval R. Sanders, Guang Hao Low, Artur Scherer, and Dominic W. Berry from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Yuval R. Sanders, Guang Hao Low, Artur Scherer, and Dominic W. Berry

A new algorithm for quantum state preparation uses fewer gates than existing ones, by two orders of magnitude.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020502] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Slow Growth of Out-of-Time-Order Correlators and Entanglement Entropy in Integrable Disordered Systems

By Max McGinley, Andreas Nunnenkamp, and Johannes Knolle from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Max McGinley, Andreas Nunnenkamp, and Johannes Knolle

We investigate how information spreads in three paradigmatic one-dimensional models with spatial disorder. The models we consider are unitarily related to a system of free fermions and, thus, are manifestly integrable. We demonstrate that out-of-time-order correlators can spread slowly beyond the si...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020603] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Evidence for Collective Nonlinear Interactions in X Ray into Ultraviolet Parametric Down-Conversion

By D. Borodin, A. Schori, J.-P. Rueff, J. M. Ablett, and S. Shwartz from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): D. Borodin, A. Schori, J.-P. Rueff, J. M. Ablett, and S. Shwartz

We present the observation of peculiar nonmonotonic photon energy dependencies of the count rates and of the rocking curves of parametric down-conversion of x rays into ultraviolet far from any atomic resonances. The observations cannot be explained by models that consider only atomic or bond charge...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023902] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Self-Driven Fractional Rotational Diffusion of the Harmonic Three-Mass System

By Ori Saporta Katz and Efi Efrati from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Ori Saporta Katz and Efi Efrati

In flat space, changing a system’s velocity requires the presence of an external force. However, an isolated nonrigid system can freely change its orientation due to the nonholonomic nature of the angular momentum conservation law. Such nonrigid isolated systems may thus manifest their internal dyna...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 024102] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Chiral Optical Stern-Gerlach Newtonian Experiment

By Nina Kravets, Artur Aleksanyan, and Etienne Brasselet from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Nina Kravets, Artur Aleksanyan, and Etienne Brasselet

We report on a chiral optical Stern-Gerlach experiment where chiral liquid crystal microspheres are selectively displaced by means of optical forces arising from optical helicity gradients. The present Newtonian experimental demonstration of an effect predicted at molecular scale [New J. Phys. 16, 0...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 024301] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Curving to Fly: Synthetic Adaptation Unveils Optimal Flight Performance of Whirling Fruits

By Jean Rabault, Richard A. Fauli, and Andreas Carlson from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Jean Rabault, Richard A. Fauli, and Andreas Carlson

Whirling fruits have evolved wing-like structures that are optimized to generate maximum lift, according to a new study.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 024501] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Probing Quantum Dynamical Couple Correlations with Time-Domain Interferometry

By Salvatore Castrignano and Jörg Evers from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Salvatore Castrignano and Jörg Evers

Time-domain interferometry (TDI) is a promising method to characterize spatial and temporal correlations at x-ray energies, via the so-called intermediate scattering function and the related dynamical couple correlations. However, so far, it has only been analyzed for classical target systems. Here,...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 025301] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Band-Edge Quasiparticles from Electron-Phonon Coupling and Resistivity Saturation

By Edward Perepelitsky and B. Sriram Shastry from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Edward Perepelitsky and B. Sriram Shastry

We address the problem of resistivity saturation observed in materials such as the $A$-15 compounds. To do so, we calculate the resistivity for the Hubbard-Holstein model in infinite spatial dimensions to second order in on-site repulsion $U≤D$ and to first order in (dimensionless) electron-phonon c...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026602] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Theory of Chiral $p$-Wave Superconductivity with Near Nodes for ${\mathrm{Sr}}_{2}{\mathrm{RuO}}_{4}$

By Wan-Sheng Wang, Cong-Cong Zhang, Fu-Chun Zhang, and Qiang-Hua Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Wan-Sheng Wang, Cong-Cong Zhang, Fu-Chun Zhang, and Qiang-Hua Wang

We use the functional renormalization group method to study a three-orbital model for superconducting ${\mathrm{Sr}}_{2}{\mathrm{RuO}}_{4}$. Although the pairing symmetry is found to be a chiral $p$ wave, the atomic spin-orbit coupling induces near nodes for quasiparticle excitations. Our theory exp...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027002] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Locating the Missing Superconducting Electrons in the Overdoped Cuprates ${\mathrm{La}}_{2−x}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{x}{\mathrm{CuO}}_{4}$

By Fahad Mahmood, Xi He, Ivan Božović, and N. P. Armitage from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Fahad Mahmood, Xi He, Ivan Božović, and N. P. Armitage

Overdoped high-temperature cuprate superconductors have often been understood within the standard BCS framework of superconductivity. However, measurements in a variety of overdoped cuprates indicate that the superfluid density is much smaller than expected from BCS theory and decreases smoothly to ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027003] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Nanoscale Poroelasticity of the Tectorial Membrane Determines Hair Bundle Deflections

By Jonathan B. Sellon, Mojtaba Azadi, Ramin Oftadeh, Hadi Tavakoli Nia, Roozbeh Ghaffari, Alan J. Grodzinsky, and Dennis M. Freeman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 16, 2019.

Author(s): Jonathan B. Sellon, Mojtaba Azadi, Ramin Oftadeh, Hadi Tavakoli Nia, Roozbeh Ghaffari, Alan J. Grodzinsky, and Dennis M. Freeman

Stereociliary imprints in the tectorial membrane (TM) have been taken as evidence that outer hair cells are sensitive to shearing displacements of the TM, which plays a key role in shaping cochlear sensitivity and frequency selectivity via resonance and traveling wave mechanisms. However, the TM is ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 028101] Published Wed Jan 16, 2019

Glassy Phase of Optimal Quantum Control

By Alexandre G. R. Day, Marin Bukov, Phillip Weinberg, Pankaj Mehta, and Dries Sels from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Alexandre G. R. Day, Marin Bukov, Phillip Weinberg, Pankaj Mehta, and Dries Sels

We study the problem of preparing a quantum many-body system from an initial to a target state by optimizing the fidelity over the family of bang-bang protocols. We present compelling numerical evidence for a universal spin-glasslike transition controlled by the protocol time duration. The glassy cr...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020601] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

First Passage under Restart with Branching

By Arnab Pal, Iddo Eliazar, and Shlomi Reuveni from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Arnab Pal, Iddo Eliazar, and Shlomi Reuveni

First passage under restart with branching is proposed as a generalization of first passage under restart. Strong motivation to study this generalization comes from the observation that restart with branching can expedite the completion of processes that cannot be expedited with simple restart; yet ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 020602] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Search for ${K}_{L}→{π}^{0}ν\overline{ν}$ and ${K}_{L}→{π}^{0}{X}^{0}$ Decays at the J-PARC KOTO Experiment

By J. K. Ahn <em>et al.</em> (KOTO Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): J. K. Ahn et al. (KOTO Collaboration)

A search for the rare decay ${K}_{L}→{π}^{0}ν\overline{ν}$ was performed. With the data collected in 2015, corresponding to $2.2×{10}^{19}$ protons on target, a single event sensitivity of $(1.30±0.0{1}_{\mathrm{stat}}±0.1{4}_{\mathrm{syst}})×{10}^{−9}$ was achieved and no candidate events were obse...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 021802] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Light-Neutrino Exchange and Long-Distance Contributions to $0ν2β$ Decays: An Exploratory Study on $ππ→ee$

By Xu Feng, Lu-Chang Jin, Xin-Yu Tuo, and Shi-Cheng Xia from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Xu Feng, Lu-Chang Jin, Xin-Yu Tuo, and Shi-Cheng Xia

We present an exploratory lattice QCD calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay $ππ→ee$. Under the mechanism of light-neutrino exchange, the decay amplitude involves significant long-distance contributions. The calculation reported here, with pion masses ${m}_{π}=420$ and 140 MeV, demonstrat...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 022001] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Fate of a Soliton in a High Order Spatial Mode of a Multimode Fiber

By A. Antikainen, L. Rishøj, B. Tai, S. Ramachandran, and G. P. Agrawal from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): A. Antikainen, L. Rishøj, B. Tai, S. Ramachandran, and G. P. Agrawal

We show numerically that under certain conditions noise-induced soliton self-mode conversion dominates over soliton self-frequency shift for a soliton in a high order spatial mode of a multimode optical fiber. The input soliton has to be group index matched to a lower order mode for a frequency sepa...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023901] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Quantum and Classical Lyapunov Exponents in Atom-Field Interaction Systems

By Jorge Chávez-Carlos, B. López-del-Carpio, Miguel A. Bastarrachea-Magnani, Pavel Stránský, Sergio Lerma-Hernández, Lea F. Santos, and Jorge G. Hirsch from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Jorge Chávez-Carlos, B. López-del-Carpio, Miguel A. Bastarrachea-Magnani, Pavel Stránský, Sergio Lerma-Hernández, Lea F. Santos, and Jorge G. Hirsch

The exponential growth of the out-of-time-ordered correlator (OTOC) has been proposed as a quantum signature of classical chaos. The growth rate is expected to coincide with the classical Lyapunov exponent. This quantum-classical correspondence has been corroborated for the kicked rotor and the stad...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 024101] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Effects of Random Domains on the Zero Hall Plateau in the Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect

By Chui-Zhen Chen, Haiwen Liu, and X. C. Xie from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Chui-Zhen Chen, Haiwen Liu, and X. C. Xie

Recently, a zero Hall conductance plateau with random domains was experimentally observed in the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect. We study the effects of random domains on the zero Hall plateau in QAH insulators. We find that the structure inversion symmetry determines the scaling property of th...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026601] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Nontopological Majorana Zero Modes in Inhomogeneous Spin Ladders

By Neil J. Robinson, Alexander Altland, Reinhold Egger, Niklas M. Gergs, Wei Li, Dirk Schuricht, Alexei M. Tsvelik, Andreas Weichselbaum, and Robert M. Konik from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Neil J. Robinson, Alexander Altland, Reinhold Egger, Niklas M. Gergs, Wei Li, Dirk Schuricht, Alexei M. Tsvelik, Andreas Weichselbaum, and Robert M. Konik

We show that the coupling of homogeneous Heisenberg spin-$1/2$ ladders in different phases leads to the formation of interfacial zero energy Majorana bound states. Unlike Majorana bound states at the interfaces of topological quantum wires, these states are void of topological protection and general...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027201] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Erratum: Three-Nucleon Low-Energy Constants from the Consistency of Interactions and Currents in Chiral Effective Field Theory [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 102502 (2009)]

By Doron Gazit, Sofia Quaglioni, and Petr Navrátil from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 15, 2019.

Author(s): Doron Gazit, Sofia Quaglioni, and Petr Navrátil
[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 029901] Published Tue Jan 15, 2019

Search for the Higgs Boson Decaying to Two Muons in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$

By A. M. Sirunyan <em>et al.</em> (CMS Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): A. M. Sirunyan et al. (CMS Collaboration)

A search for the Higgs boson decaying to two oppositely charged muons is presented using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35.9\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{fb}}^{...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 021801] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Experimental Observation of Momentum-Space Chiral Edge Currents in Room-Temperature Atoms

By Han Cai, Jinhong Liu, Jinze Wu, Yanyan He, Shi-Yao Zhu, Jun-Xiang Zhang, and Da-Wei Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): Han Cai, Jinhong Liu, Jinze Wu, Yanyan He, Shi-Yao Zhu, Jun-Xiang Zhang, and Da-Wei Wang

Topological effects were observed for the first time in an ensemble of atoms at room temperature.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023601] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Quantum Effects in a Mechanically Modulated Single-Photon Emitter

By Mehdi Abdi and Martin B. Plenio from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): Mehdi Abdi and Martin B. Plenio

Recent observation of quantum emitters in monolayers of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) has provided a novel platform for optomechanical experiments where the single-photon emitters can couple to the motion of a freely suspended h-BN membrane. Here, we propose a scheme where the electronic degree of ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 023602] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

New Optical Manipulation of Relativistic Vortex Cutter

By W. P. Wang, C. Jiang, B. F. Shen, F. Yuan, Z. M. Gan, H. Zhang, S. H. Zhai, and Z. Z. Xu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): W. P. Wang, C. Jiang, B. F. Shen, F. Yuan, Z. M. Gan, H. Zhang, S. H. Zhai, and Z. Z. Xu

A new relativistic vortex cutter driven by the Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) mode is carried out for the first time in three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. Studies show that the electric fields periodically concentrate and emanate within every laser wavelength for the reflected circularly polari...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 024801] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Dynamics of the Electromagnetic Fields Induced by Fast Electron Propagation in Near-Solid-Density Media

By L. Romagnani, A. P. L. Robinson, R. J. Clarke, D. Doria, L. Lancia, W. Nazarov, M. M. Notley, A. Pipahl, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, P. A. Wilson, J. Fuchs, O. Willi, and M. Borghesi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): L. Romagnani, A. P. L. Robinson, R. J. Clarke, D. Doria, L. Lancia, W. Nazarov, M. M. Notley, A. Pipahl, K. Quinn, B. Ramakrishna, P. A. Wilson, J. Fuchs, O. Willi, and M. Borghesi

The propagation of fast electron currents in near solid-density media was investigated via proton probing. Fast currents were generated inside dielectric foams via irradiation with a short ($∼0.6\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{ps}$) laser pulse focused at relativistic intensities ($I{λ}^{2}∼4×{10}^{19}\text...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 025001] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Influence of Pore Size on the van der Waals Interaction in Two-Dimensional Molecules and Materials

By Yan Yang, Ka Un Lao, and Robert A. DiStasio, Jr. from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): Yan Yang, Ka Un Lao, and Robert A. DiStasio, Jr.

Despite the importance of porous two-dimensional (2D) molecules and materials in advanced technological applications, the question of how the void space in these systems affects the van der Waals (vdW) scaling landscape has been largely unanswered. Analytical and numerical models presented herein de...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026001] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Size-Dependent Lattice Dynamics of Atomically Precise Cadmium Selenide Quantum Dots

By Chenyang Shi, Alexander N. Beecher, Yan Li, Jonathan S. Owen, Bogdan M. Leu, Ayman H. Said, Michael Y. Hu, and Simon J. L. Billinge from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): Chenyang Shi, Alexander N. Beecher, Yan Li, Jonathan S. Owen, Bogdan M. Leu, Ayman H. Said, Michael Y. Hu, and Simon J. L. Billinge

Material properties depend sensitively on the atomic arrangements and atomic bonding, but these are notoriously difficult to measure in nanosized atomic clusters due to the small size of the objects and the challenge of obtaining bulk samples of identical clusters. Here, we have combined the recent ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 026101] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Evidence for Superconductivity above 260 K in Lanthanum Superhydride at Megabar Pressures

By Maddury Somayazulu, Muhtar Ahart, Ajay K. Mishra, Zachary M. Geballe, Maria Baldini, Yue Meng, Viktor V. Struzhkin, and Russell J. Hemley from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Author(s): Maddury Somayazulu, Muhtar Ahart, Ajay K. Mishra, Zachary M. Geballe, Maria Baldini, Yue Meng, Viktor V. Struzhkin, and Russell J. Hemley

Two independent studies report superconductivity at record high temperatures in hydrogen-rich materials under extreme pressure.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 027001] Published Mon Jan 14, 2019

Addressing the isomer cataloguing problem for nanopores in two-dimensional materials

By Michael S. Strano from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on Jan 14, 2019.

Addressing the isomer cataloguing problem for nanopores in two-dimensional materials

Addressing the isomer cataloguing problem for nanopores in two-dimensional materials, Published online: 14 January 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0258-3

Nanopores in 2D materials have various possible lattice isomers, making relevant quantitative analysis difficult. An isomer-cataloguing framework is developed to address this problem, demonstrating remarkable agreement between simulated and experimental data.

How Difficult is it to Prepare a Quantum State?

By Davide Girolami from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 11, 2019.

Author(s): Davide Girolami

A key computational resource to prepare a quantum system in a target state, an important subroutine of quantum information protocols, is identified and quantified.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010505] Published Fri Jan 11, 2019

Importance of Loop Effects in Explaining the Accumulated Evidence for New Physics in $B$ Decays with a Vector Leptoquark

By Andreas Crivellin, Christoph Greub, Francesco Saturnino, and Dario Müller from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 11, 2019.

Author(s): Andreas Crivellin, Christoph Greub, Francesco Saturnino, and Dario Müller

In recent years experiments revealed intriguing hints for new physics (NP) in $B$ decays involving $b→cτν$ and $b→s{ℓ}^{+}{ℓ}^{−}$ transitions at the $4σ$ and $5σ$ level, respectively. In addition, there are slight disagreements in $b→uτν$ and $b→d{μ}^{+}{μ}^{−}$ observables. While not significant o...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011805] Published Fri Jan 11, 2019

Observation of Two Resonances in the ${\mathrm{Λ}}_{b}^{0}{π}^{±}$ Systems and Precise Measurement of ${\mathrm{Σ}}_{b}^{±}$ and ${\mathrm{Σ}}_{b}^{*±}$ Properties

By R. Aaij <em>et al.</em> (LHCb Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 11, 2019.

Author(s): R. Aaij et al. (LHCb Collaboration)

The first observation of two structures consistent with resonances in the final states ${\mathrm{Λ}}_{b}^{0}{π}^{−}$ and ${\mathrm{Λ}}_{b}^{0}{π}^{+}$ is reported using samples of $pp$ collision data collected by the LHCb experiment at $\sqrt{s}=7$ and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosit...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 012001] Published Fri Jan 11, 2019

Interacting Hofstadter Interface

By Bernhard Irsigler, Jun-Hui Zheng, and Walter Hofstetter from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Bernhard Irsigler, Jun-Hui Zheng, and Walter Hofstetter

Two-dimensional topological insulators possess conducting edge states at their boundary while being insulating in the bulk. We investigate the edge state emergent at a smooth topological phase boundary of interacting fermions within a full real-space analysis of the time-reversal invariant Hofstadte...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010406] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Modulated Continuous Wave Control for Energy-Efficient Electron-Nuclear Spin Coupling

By J. Casanova, E. Torrontegui, M. B. Plenio, J. J. García-Ripoll, and E. Solano from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): J. Casanova, E. Torrontegui, M. B. Plenio, J. J. García-Ripoll, and E. Solano

We develop energy efficient, continuous microwave schemes to couple electron and nuclear spins, using phase or amplitude modulation to bridge their frequency difference. These controls have promising applications in biological systems, where microwave power should be limited, as well as in situation...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010407] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Uniaxial Dynamical Decoupling for an Open Quantum System

By Qi Yao, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Feng Yi, Li You, and Wenxian Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Qi Yao, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Feng Yi, Li You, and Wenxian Zhang

Dynamical decoupling (DD) is an active and effective method for suppressing decoherence of a quantum system from its environment. In contrast to the nominal biaxial DD, this work presents a uniaxial decoupling protocol that requires a significantly reduced number of pulses and a much lower bias fiel...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010408] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Nanowire Superinductance Fluxonium Qubit

By T. M. Hazard, A. Gyenis, A. Di Paolo, A. T. Asfaw, S. A. Lyon, A. Blais, and A. A. Houck from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): T. M. Hazard, A. Gyenis, A. Di Paolo, A. T. Asfaw, S. A. Lyon, A. Blais, and A. A. Houck

We characterize a fluxonium qubit consisting of a Josephson junction inductively shunted with a NbTiN nanowire superinductance. We explain the measured energy spectrum by means of a multimode theory accounting for the distributed nature of the superinductance and the effect of the circuit nonlineari...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010504] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

High-Accuracy Mass, Spin, and Recoil Predictions of Generic Black-Hole Merger Remnants

By Vijay Varma, Davide Gerosa, Leo C. Stein, François Hébert, and Hao Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Vijay Varma, Davide Gerosa, Leo C. Stein, François Hébert, and Hao Zhang

We present accurate fits for the remnant properties of generically precessing binary black holes, trained on large banks of numerical-relativity simulations. We use Gaussian process regression to interpolate the remnant mass, spin, and recoil velocity in the seven-dimensional parameter space of prec...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011101] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Combined Search for a Lorentz-Violating Force in Short-Range Gravity Varying as the Inverse Sixth Power of Distance

By Cheng-Gang Shao, Ya-Fen Chen, Yu-Jie Tan, Shan-Qing Yang, Jun Luo, Michael Edmund Tobar, J. C. Long, E. Weisman, and V. Alan Kostelecký from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Cheng-Gang Shao, Ya-Fen Chen, Yu-Jie Tan, Shan-Qing Yang, Jun Luo, Michael Edmund Tobar, J. C. Long, E. Weisman, and V. Alan Kostelecký

Precision measurements of the inverse-square law via experiments on short-range gravity provide sensitive tests of Lorentz symmetry. A combined analysis of data from experiments at the Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Indiana University sets simultaneous limits on all 22 coefficient...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011102] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Stability of de Sitter Spacetime against Infrared Quantum Scalar Field Fluctuations

By G. Moreau and J. Serreau from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): G. Moreau and J. Serreau

We study the backreaction of superhorizon fluctuations of a light quantum scalar field on a classical de Sitter geometry by means of the Wilsonian renormalization group. This allows us to treat the gravitationally amplified fluctuations in a nonperturbative manner and to analytically follow the indu...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011302] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Spectrum of Majorana Quantum Mechanics with $\mathrm{O}(4{)}^{3}$ Symmetry

By Kiryl Pakrouski, Igor R. Klebanov, Fedor Popov, and Grigory Tarnopolsky from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Kiryl Pakrouski, Igor R. Klebanov, Fedor Popov, and Grigory Tarnopolsky

We study the quantum mechanics of three-index Majorana fermions ${ψ}^{abc}$ governed by a quartic Hamiltonian with $\mathrm{O}(N{)}^{3}$ symmetry. Similarly to the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model, this tensor model has a solvable large-$N$ limit dominated by the melonic diagrams. For $N=4$ the total number ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011601] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Search for Dark Matter Particles Produced in Association with a Top Quark Pair at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$

By A. M. Sirunyan <em>et al.</em> (CMS Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): A. M. Sirunyan et al. (CMS Collaboration)

A search is performed for dark matter particles produced in association with a top quark pair in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of $35.9\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{fb}}^{−1}$ recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC....


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011803] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Study of the ${D}^{0}→{K}^{−}{μ}^{+}{ν}_{μ}$ Dynamics and Test of Lepton Flavor Universality with ${D}^{0}→{K}^{−}{ℓ}^{+}{ν}_{ℓ}$ Decays

By M. Ablikim <em>et al.</em> (BESIII Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): M. Ablikim et al. (BESIII Collaboration)

Using ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}$ annihilation data of $2.93\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{fb}}^{−1}$ collected at center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=3.773\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$ with the BESIII detector, we measure the absolute branching fraction of ${D}^{0}→{K}^{−}{μ}^{+}{ν}_{μ}$ with significantly improved pre...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 011804] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Quantum Control of Photoelectron Circular Dichroism

By R. Esteban Goetz, Christiane P. Koch, and Loren Greenman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): R. Esteban Goetz, Christiane P. Koch, and Loren Greenman

We demonstrate coherent control over the photoelectron circular dichroism in randomly oriented chiral molecules, based on quantum interference between multiple photoionization pathways. To significantly enhance the chiral signature, we use a finite manifold of indistinguishable ($1+{1}^{′}$) resonan...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013204] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Selective Decoupling and Hamiltonian Engineering in Dipolar Spin Networks

By A. Ajoy, U. Bissbort, D. Poletti, and P. Cappellaro from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): A. Ajoy, U. Bissbort, D. Poletti, and P. Cappellaro

We present a protocol to selectively decouple, recouple, and engineer effective interactions in mesoscopic dipolar spin networks. In particular, we develop a versatile protocol that relies upon magic angle spinning to perform Hamiltonian engineering. By using global control fields in conjunction wit...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013205] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Interplay of Polarization and Time-Reversal Symmetry Breaking in Synchronously Pumped Ring Resonators

By François Copie, Michael T. M. Woodley, Leonardo Del Bino, Jonathan M. Silver, Shuangyou Zhang, and Pascal Del’Haye from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): François Copie, Michael T. M. Woodley, Leonardo Del Bino, Jonathan M. Silver, Shuangyou Zhang, and Pascal Del’Haye

Optically induced breaking of symmetries plays an important role in nonlinear photonics, with applications ranging from optical switching in integrated photonic circuits to soliton generation in ring lasers. In this work we study for the first time the interplay of two types of spontaneous symmetry ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013905] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Inwardly Rotating Spirals in a Nonoscillatory Medium

By Harunori N. Yoshikawa, Christian Mathis, Shu Satoh, and Yuji Tasaka from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Harunori N. Yoshikawa, Christian Mathis, Shu Satoh, and Yuji Tasaka

Liquid falling from a horizontal film displays an intriguing pattern of inwardly rotating spirals.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014502] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Temperature Fluctuation Profiles in Turbulent Thermal Convection: A Logarithmic Dependence versus a Power-Law Dependence

By Yu-Hao He (何宇昊) and Ke-Qing Xia (夏克青) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Yu-Hao He (何宇昊) and Ke-Qing Xia (夏克青)

We report an experimental measurement of the rms temperature (${σ}_{T}$) profiles in two regions inside a large aspect ratio ($\mathrm{Γ}=4.2$) rectangular convection cell. It is found that, in the region where the boundary layer is sheared by a large-scale wind, ${σ}_{T}$ has a power-law dependence...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014503] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Laser Acceleration of Highly Energetic Carbon Ions Using a Double-Layer Target Composed of Slightly Underdense Plasma and Ultrathin Foil

By W. J. Ma, I Jong Kim, J. Q. Yu, Il Woo Choi, P. K. Singh, Hwang Woon Lee, Jae Hee Sung, Seong Ku Lee, C. Lin, Q. Liao, J. G. Zhu, H. Y. Lu, B. Liu, H. Y. Wang, R. F. Xu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, M. Zepf, J. Schreiber, X. Q. Yan, and Chang Hee Nam from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): W. J. Ma, I Jong Kim, J. Q. Yu, Il Woo Choi, P. K. Singh, Hwang Woon Lee, Jae Hee Sung, Seong Ku Lee, C. Lin, Q. Liao, J. G. Zhu, H. Y. Lu, B. Liu, H. Y. Wang, R. F. Xu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, M. Zepf, J. Schreiber, X. Q. Yan, and Chang Hee Nam

We report the experimental generation of highly energetic carbon ions up to 48 MeV per nucleon by shooting double-layer targets composed of well-controlled slightly underdense plasma and ultrathin foils with ultraintense femtosecond laser pulses. Particle-in-cell simulations reveal that carbon ions ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014803] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Quasimonoenergetic Proton Bunch Acceleration Driven by Hemispherically Converging Collisionless Shock in a Hydrogen Cluster Coupled with Relativistically Induced Transparency

By Ryutaro Matsui, Yuji Fukuda, and Yasuaki Kishimoto from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Ryutaro Matsui, Yuji Fukuda, and Yasuaki Kishimoto

An approach for accelerating a quasimonoenergetic proton bunch via a hemispherically converging collisionless shock created in laser-cluster interactions at the relativistically induced transparency (RIT) regime is studied using three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. By the action of focusi...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014804] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Thermionic Cooling of the Target Plasma to a Sub-eV Temperature

By M. D. Campanell and G. R. Johnson from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): M. D. Campanell and G. R. Johnson

Contemporary models of bounded plasmas assume that the target plasma electron temperature far exceeds the temperature of the cold electrons emitted from the target, ${T}_{\text{emit}}$. We show that when the sheath facing a collisional plasma becomes inverted, the target plasma electron temperature ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015003] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Compressive Failure as a Critical Transition: Experimental Evidence and Mapping onto the Universality Class of Depinning

By Chi-Cong Vu, David Amitrano, Olivier Plé, and Jérôme Weiss from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Chi-Cong Vu, David Amitrano, Olivier Plé, and Jérôme Weiss

Acoustic emission (AE) measurements performed during the compressive loading of concrete samples with three different microstructures (aggregate sizes and porosity) and four sample sizes revealed that failure is preceded by an acceleration of the rate of fracturing events, power law distributions of...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015502] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Temperature Rise Associated with Adiabatic Shear Band: Causality Clarified

By Yazhou Guo, Qichao Ruan, Shengxin Zhu, Q. Wei, Haosen Chen, Jianan Lu, Bo Hu, Xihui Wu, Yulong Li, and Daining Fang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Yazhou Guo, Qichao Ruan, Shengxin Zhu, Q. Wei, Haosen Chen, Jianan Lu, Bo Hu, Xihui Wu, Yulong Li, and Daining Fang

High speed photography and thermometry answer whether shear bands, the localized deformation of metals under extreme strain, are caused by heat or cause heat themselves.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015503] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Intertwined Solitons and Impurities in a Quasi-One-Dimensional Charge-Density-Wave System: $\mathrm{In}/\mathrm{Si}(111)$

By Geunseop Lee, Hyungjoon Shim, Jung-Min Hyun, and Hanchul Kim from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Geunseop Lee, Hyungjoon Shim, Jung-Min Hyun, and Hanchul Kim

Recent studies on a quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) charge-density-wave (CDW) system, In atomic wires on Si(111), have brought intriguing issues on topological solitons in quasi-1D systems: the existence of few-atom-sized solitons, chirality of solitons, and the realization of logic exploiting the ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016102] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Phonon Spectroscopy at Atomic Resolution

By F. S. Hage, D. M. Kepaptsoglou, Q. M. Ramasse, and L. J. Allen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): F. S. Hage, D. M. Kepaptsoglou, Q. M. Ramasse, and L. J. Allen

Electron energy loss spectroscopy in Z-contrast imaging can detect single atom vibrational modes excited by phonons.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016103] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Ring Statistics in 2D Silica: Effective Temperatures in Equilibrium

By Projesh Kumar Roy and Andreas Heuer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Projesh Kumar Roy and Andreas Heuer

The thermodynamic properties of subsystems in strong interaction with the neighborhood can largely differ from the standard behavior. Here we study the thermodynamic properties of rings and triplets in equilibrated disordered 2D silica. Their statistics follows a Boltzmann behavior, albeit with a st...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016104] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Hybridization-Switching Induced Mott Transition in $AB{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$ Perovskites

By Atanu Paul, Anamitra Mukherjee, Indra Dasgupta, Arun Paramekanti, and Tanusri Saha-Dasgupta from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Atanu Paul, Anamitra Mukherjee, Indra Dasgupta, Arun Paramekanti, and Tanusri Saha-Dasgupta

We propose the concept of a “hybridization-switching induced Mott transition” which is relevant to a broad class of $AB{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$ perovskite materials including ${\mathrm{BiNiO}}_{3}$ and ${\mathrm{PbCrO}}_{3}$ that feature extended $6s$ orbitals on the $A$-site cation (Bi or Pb), and a stron...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016404] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Ultrafast Transient Dynamics of Adsorbates on Surfaces Deciphered: The Case of CO on Cu(100)

By D. Novko, J. C. Tremblay, M. Alducin, and J. I. Juaristi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): D. Novko, J. C. Tremblay, M. Alducin, and J. I. Juaristi

Time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy constitutes an invaluable experimental tool for monitoring hot-carrier-induced surface reactions. However, the absence of a full understanding of the precise microscopic mechanisms causing the transient spectral changes has limited its applicability. Here we in...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016806] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Floating Phase versus Chiral Transition in a 1D Hard-Boson Model

By Natalia Chepiga and Frédéric Mila from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Natalia Chepiga and Frédéric Mila

We investigate the nature of the phase transition between the period-three charge-density wave and the disordered phase of a hard-boson model proposed in the context of cold-atom experiments. Building on a density-matrix renormalization group algorithm that takes full advantage of the hard-boson con...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 017205] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Characteristic Interfacial Structure behind a Rapidly Moving Contact Line

By Mengfei He and Sidney R. Nagel from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 10, 2019.

Author(s): Mengfei He and Sidney R. Nagel

In forced wetting, a rapidly moving surface drags with it a thin layer of trailing fluid as it is plunged into a second fluid bath. Using high-speed interferometry, we find characteristic structure in the thickness of this layer with multiple thin flat triangular structures separated by much thicker...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 018001] Published Thu Jan 10, 2019

Observation of Stimulated Hawking Radiation in an Optical Analogue

By Jonathan Drori, Yuval Rosenberg, David Bermudez, Yaron Silberberg, and Ulf Leonhardt from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Jonathan Drori, Yuval Rosenberg, David Bermudez, Yaron Silberberg, and Ulf Leonhardt

An optical analogue of stimulated Hawking radiation is observed in nonlinear fiber optics used as a laboratory analogue of black holes.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010404] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Photon-Mediated Spin-Exchange Dynamics of Spin-1 Atoms

By Emily J. Davis, Gregory Bentsen, Lukas Homeier, Tracy Li, and Monika H. Schleier-Smith from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Emily J. Davis, Gregory Bentsen, Lukas Homeier, Tracy Li, and Monika H. Schleier-Smith

Spin dynamics induced by nonlocal interactions are imaged for the first time in a system of cold atoms trapped in an optical cavity.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010405] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

State Exchange with Quantum Side Information

By Yonghae Lee, Ryuji Takagi, Hayata Yamasaki, Gerardo Adesso, and Soojoon Lee from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Yonghae Lee, Ryuji Takagi, Hayata Yamasaki, Gerardo Adesso, and Soojoon Lee

We consider a quantum communication task between two users Alice and Bob, in which Alice and Bob exchange their respective quantum information by means of local operations and classical communication assisted by shared entanglement. Here, we assume that Alice and Bob may have quantum side informatio...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010502] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Experimental Realization of Robust Geometric Quantum Gates with Solid-State Spins

By Y.-Y. Huang, Y.-K. Wu, F. Wang, P.-Y. Hou, W.-B. Wang, W.-G. Zhang, W.-Q. Lian, Y.-Q. Liu, H.-Y. Wang, H.-Y. Zhang, L. He, X.-Y. Chang, Y. Xu, and L.-M. Duan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Y.-Y. Huang, Y.-K. Wu, F. Wang, P.-Y. Hou, W.-B. Wang, W.-G. Zhang, W.-Q. Lian, Y.-Q. Liu, H.-Y. Wang, H.-Y. Zhang, L. He, X.-Y. Chang, Y. Xu, and L.-M. Duan

We experimentally realize a universal set of single-bit and two-bit geometric quantum gates by adiabatically controlling solid-state spins in a diamond defect. Compared with the nonadiabatic approach, the adiabatic scheme for geometric quantum computation offers a unique advantage of inherent robust...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010503] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Asymptotic Prethermalization in Periodically Driven Classical Spin Chains

By Owen Howell, Phillip Weinberg, Dries Sels, Anatoli Polkovnikov, and Marin Bukov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Owen Howell, Phillip Weinberg, Dries Sels, Anatoli Polkovnikov, and Marin Bukov

We reveal a continuous dynamical heating transition between a prethermal and an infinite-temperature stage in a clean, chaotic periodically driven classical spin chain. The transition time is a steep exponential function of the drive frequency, showing that the exponentially long-lived prethermal pl...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 010602] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Discovery of New Lines in the $R9$ Multiplet of the $2{v}_{3}$ Band of ${^{12}\mathrm{C}\mathrm{H}}_{4}$

By H. Lin, L. Yang, X. J. Feng, and J. T. Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): H. Lin, L. Yang, X. J. Feng, and J. T. Zhang

We present the first results for resolving methane (${\mathrm{CH}}_{4}$) line transition frequencies down to the kilohertz level for overlapping lines using comb-linked cavity ring-down spectroscopy, while most available laboratory measurements, having resolution at the megahertz level, cannot separ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013002] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Significant Enhancement of ${\mathrm{N}}_{2}^{+}$ Lasing by Polarization-Modulated Ultrashort Laser Pulses

By Helong Li, Mengyao Hou, Hongwei Zang, Yao Fu, Erik Lötstedt, Toshiaki Ando, Atsushi Iwasaki, Kaoru Yamanouchi, and Huailiang Xu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Helong Li, Mengyao Hou, Hongwei Zang, Yao Fu, Erik Lötstedt, Toshiaki Ando, Atsushi Iwasaki, Kaoru Yamanouchi, and Huailiang Xu

We show that the intensity of self-seeded ${\mathrm{N}}_{2}^{+}$ lasing at 391 nm, assigned to the ${B}^{2}{\mathrm{Σ}}_{u}^{+}({v}^{′}=0)→{X}^{2}{\mathrm{Σ}}_{g}^{+}({v}^{′′}=0)$ emission, is enhanced by 2 orders of magnitude by modulating in time the polarization of an intense ultrashort near-IR (...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013202] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Accurate in situ Measurement of Ellipticity Based on Subcycle Ionization Dynamics

By Chuncheng Wang, Xiaokai Li, Xiang-Ru Xiao, Yizhang Yang, Sizuo Luo, Xitao Yu, Xinpeng Xu, Liang-You Peng, Qihuang Gong, and Dajun Ding from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Chuncheng Wang, Xiaokai Li, Xiang-Ru Xiao, Yizhang Yang, Sizuo Luo, Xitao Yu, Xinpeng Xu, Liang-You Peng, Qihuang Gong, and Dajun Ding

Elliptically polarized laser pulses (EPLPs) are widely applied in many fields of ultrafast sciences, but the ellipticity ($ϵ$) has never been in situ measured in the interaction zone of the laser focus. In this Letter, we propose and realize a robust scheme to retrieve the $ϵ$ by temporally overlapp...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013203] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Energy-Dependent Three-Body Loss in 1D Bose Gases

By Laura A. Zundel, Joshua M. Wilson, Neel Malvania, Lin Xia, Jean-Felix Riou, and David S. Weiss from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Laura A. Zundel, Joshua M. Wilson, Neel Malvania, Lin Xia, Jean-Felix Riou, and David S. Weiss

We study the loss of atoms in quantum Newton’s cradles with a range of average energies and transverse confinements. We find that the three-body collision rate in one-dimension is strongly energy dependent, as predicted by a strictly 1D theory. We adapt the theory to atoms in waveguides, then, using...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013402] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Probing the State of a Mechanical Oscillator with an Ultrastrongly Coupled Quantum Emitter

By Cyril Elouard, Benjamin Besga, and Alexia Auffèves from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Cyril Elouard, Benjamin Besga, and Alexia Auffèves

Performing accurate position measurements of a mechanical resonator by coupling it to some optically driven quantum emitter is an important challenge for quantum sensing and metrology. We fully characterize the quantum noise associated with this measurement process, by deriving master equations for ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 013602] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Extreme Decoherence and Quantum Chaos

By Zhenyu Xu, Luis Pedro García-Pintos, Aurélia Chenu, and Adolfo del Campo from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Zhenyu Xu, Luis Pedro García-Pintos, Aurélia Chenu, and Adolfo del Campo

We study the ultimate limits to the decoherence rate associated with dephasing processes. Fluctuating chaotic quantum systems are shown to exhibit extreme decoherence, with a rate that scales exponentially with the particle number, thus exceeding the polynomial dependence of systems with fluctuating...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014103] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Experimental Demonstration of Acoustic Chern Insulators

By Yujiang Ding, Yugui Peng, Yifan Zhu, Xudong Fan, Jing Yang, Bin Liang, Xuefeng Zhu, Xiangang Wan, and Jianchun Cheng from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Yujiang Ding, Yugui Peng, Yifan Zhu, Xudong Fan, Jing Yang, Bin Liang, Xuefeng Zhu, Xiangang Wan, and Jianchun Cheng

An array of air channels behaves as an “acoustic Chern insulator” in which sound waves travel only around the edges and only in one direction.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014302] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Creation of Electron-Positron Pairs in Photon-Photon Collisions Driven by 10-PW Laser Pulses

By J. Q. Yu, H. Y. Lu, T. Takahashi, R. H. Hu, Z. Gong, W. J. Ma, Y. S. Huang, C. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): J. Q. Yu, H. Y. Lu, T. Takahashi, R. H. Hu, Z. Gong, W. J. Ma, Y. S. Huang, C. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan

A novel approach is proposed to demonstrate the two-photon Breit-Wheeler process by using collimated and wide-bandwidth $γ$-ray pulses driven by 10-PW lasers. Theoretical calculations suggest that more than $3.2×{10}^{8}$ electron-positron pairs with a divergence angle of 7° can be created per shot,...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 014802] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Kinetic Simulations of Magnetic Reconnection in Partially Ionized Plasmas

By J. Jara-Almonte, H. Ji, J. Yoo, M. Yamada, W. Fox, and W. Daughton from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): J. Jara-Almonte, H. Ji, J. Yoo, M. Yamada, W. Fox, and W. Daughton

Fast magnetic reconnection occurs in nearly all natural and laboratory plasmas and rapidly releases stored magnetic energy. Although commonly studied in fully ionized plasmas, if and when fast reconnection can occur in partially ionized plasmas, such as the interstellar medium or solar chromosphere,...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015101] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Disorder-Induced Phase Transitions in the Transmission of Dielectric Metasurfaces

By A. Rahimzadegan, D. Arslan, R. N. S. Suryadharma, S. Fasold, M. Falkner, T. Pertsch, I. Staude, and C. Rockstuhl from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): A. Rahimzadegan, D. Arslan, R. N. S. Suryadharma, S. Fasold, M. Falkner, T. Pertsch, I. Staude, and C. Rockstuhl

Light interaction with disordered materials is both complex and fascinating at the same time. Here, we reveal disorder-induced phase transitions in a dielectric Huygens’ metasurface made from silicon nanocylinders that simultaneously support an electric and magnetic dipole resonance. Depending on th...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015702] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Quantum Paraelastic Two-Dimensional Materials

By Tyler B. Bishop, Erin E. Farmer, Afsana Sharmin, Alejandro Pacheco-Sanjuan, Pierre Darancet, and Salvador Barraza-Lopez from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Tyler B. Bishop, Erin E. Farmer, Afsana Sharmin, Alejandro Pacheco-Sanjuan, Pierre Darancet, and Salvador Barraza-Lopez

We study the elastic energy landscape of two-dimensional tin oxide (SnO) monolayers and demonstrate a transition temperature of ${T}_{c}=8.5±1.8\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{K}$ using ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) that is close to the value of the elastic energy barrier $J$ derived from $T=0\text{ }\t...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 015703] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Investigation of Temperature and Feature Size Effects on Deformation of Metals by Superplastic Nanomolding

By Ze Liu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Ze Liu

We report a novel method to introduce feature size into the prevalent deformation-mechanism map by the superplastic nanomolding technique. This new map enables various deformation mechanisms to be decoupled and allows for experimentally identifying the boundary between dislocation and diffusion domi...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016101] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Topological Landscape of Competing Charge Density Waves in $2H\text{−}{\mathrm{NbSe}}_{2}$

By Gyeongcheol Gye, Eunseok Oh, and Han Woong Yeom from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Gyeongcheol Gye, Eunseok Oh, and Han Woong Yeom

Despite decades of studies of the charge density wave (CDW) of $2H\text{−}{\mathrm{NbSe}}_{2}$, the origin of its incommensurate CDW ground state has not been understood. We discover that the CDW of $2H\text{−}{\mathrm{NbSe}}_{2}$ is composed of two different, energetically competing, structures. Th...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016403] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Interaction-Driven Surface Chern Insulator in Nodal Line Semimetals

By Wei Chen and J. L. Lado from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Wei Chen and J. L. Lado

Nodal line semimetals are characterized by nontrivial bulk-band crossings, giving rise to almost flat drumheadlike surface states (DSS), which provide an attractive playground where interaction can induce symmetry-broken states and potential emergent phases. Here, we show that electronic interaction...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016803] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

Generation and Detection of Pure Spin Current in an $\mathsf{H}$-Shaped Structure of a Single Metal

By Caigan Chen, Dai Tian, Hexin Zhou, Dazhi Hou, and Xiaofeng Jin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on Jan 09, 2019.

Author(s): Caigan Chen, Dai Tian, Hexin Zhou, Dazhi Hou, and Xiaofeng Jin

Distinct from all the existing methods for determining the spin Hall angle with bilayers, we have developed a new approach based on the mesoscopic $\mathsf{H}$-shaped structure, which generates and detects pure spin current in a single metal. Using this approach we have unequivocally addressed the l...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 016804] Published Wed Jan 09, 2019

The study of functional materials has underpinned the enormous changes in information technology and electronic systems seen in the past decades. Research in the Department on device materials spans many of the most exciting areas in which the functional properties of new materials are being understood and developed.

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