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Multistep Bloch-line-mediated Walker breakdown in ferromagnetic strips

By Johanna Hütner, Touko Herranen, and Lasse Laurson from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Johanna Hütner, Touko Herranen, and Lasse Laurson

A well-known feature of magnetic field driven dynamics of domain walls in ferromagnets is the existence of a threshold driving force at which the internal magnetization of the domain wall starts to precess—a phenomenon known as the Walker breakdown—resulting in an abrupt drop of the domain-wall prop...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174427] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Pseudogap crossover in the electron-phonon system

By I. Esterlis, S. A. Kivelson, and D. J. Scalapino from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): I. Esterlis, S. A. Kivelson, and D. J. Scalapino

Thermodynamic properties of the square-lattice Holstein model of the electron-phonon problem with phonon frequencies small compared to the bare Fermi energy are obtained using Monte Carlo methods, a strong-coupling (bipolaronic) expansion, and a weak-coupling Migdal-Eliashberg approach. Already at e...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174516] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Magnetoelastic parametric instabilities of localized spin waves induced by traveling elastic waves

By Ivan Lisenkov, Albrecht Jander, and Pallavi Dhagat from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Ivan Lisenkov, Albrecht Jander, and Pallavi Dhagat

A theory of parametric interaction between spin waves localized in a waveguide and traveling elastic waves is developed for ferromagnetic thin films. The presented theoretical formalism takes into account an arbitrary spatial distribution of the displacement field in the acoustic waves and an arbitr...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184433] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Antiferromagnetism and the emergence of frustration in the sawtooth lattice chalcogenide olivines ${\mathrm{Mn}}_{2}{\mathrm{SiS}}_{4−x}{\mathrm{Se}}_{x}$ ($x=0–4$)

By H. Nhalil, R. Baral, B. O. Khamala, A. Cosio, S. R. Singamaneni, M. Fitta, D. Antonio, K. Gofryk, R. R. Zope, T. Baruah, B. Saparov, and H. S. Nair from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): H. Nhalil, R. Baral, B. O. Khamala, A. Cosio, S. R. Singamaneni, M. Fitta, D. Antonio, K. Gofryk, R. R. Zope, T. Baruah, B. Saparov, and H. S. Nair

The magnetism in the sawtooth lattice of Mn in the olivine chalcogenides, ${\mathrm{Mn}}_{2}{\mathrm{SiS}}_{4−x}{\mathrm{Se}}_{x}$ ($x=1–4$), is studied in detail by analyzing their magnetization, specific heat, and thermal conductivity properties and complemented with density functional theory calc...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184434] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Unidirectional planar Hall voltages induced by surface acoustic waves in ferromagnetic thin films

By Takuya Kawada, Masashi Kawaguchi, and Masamitsu Hayashi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Takuya Kawada, Masashi Kawaguchi, and Masamitsu Hayashi

The electromotive forces induced by surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are investigated in ferromagnetic thin films. CoFeB thin films deposited on ${\mathrm{LiNbO}}_{3}$ substrates are patterned into Hall bars to study the acoustoelectric transport properties of the device. The longitudinal and transvers...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184435] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Hybrid exact diagonalization and density matrix renormalization group approach to the thermodynamics of one-dimensional quantum models

By Sudip Kumar Saha, Dayasindhu Dey, Manoranjan Kumar, and Zoltán G. Soos from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Sudip Kumar Saha, Dayasindhu Dey, Manoranjan Kumar, and Zoltán G. Soos

Exact diagonalization of small model systems gives the thermodynamics of spin chains or quantum cell models at high temperatures $T$. Density matrix renormalization group calculations of progressively larger systems are used to obtain excitations up to a cutoff ${W}_{C}$ and the low-$T$ thermodynami...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195144] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Exploration of the stability of many-body localized systems in the presence of a small bath

By Marcel Goihl, Jens Eisert, and Christian Krumnow from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Marcel Goihl, Jens Eisert, and Christian Krumnow

When pushed out of equilibrium, generic interacting quantum systems equilibrate locally and are expected to evolve towards a locally thermal description despite their unitary time evolution. Systems in which disorder competes with interactions and transport can violate this expectation by exhibiting...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195145] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Anomalous Hall viscosity at the Weyl-semimetal–insulator transition

By Christian Copetti and Karl Landsteiner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Christian Copetti and Karl Landsteiner

We show that three-dimensional Lifshitz fermions arising as the critical theory at the Weyl-semimetal–insulator transition naturally develop an anomalous Hall viscosity at finite temperature. We discuss how to couple the system to nonrelativistic background sources for stress-tensor and momentum cur...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195146] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Critical entanglement for the half-filled extended Hubbard model

By Jon Spalding, Shan-Wen Tsai, and David K. Campbell from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Jon Spalding, Shan-Wen Tsai, and David K. Campbell

We study the ground state of the one-dimensional extended Hubbard model at half filling using the entanglement entropy calculated by density matrix renormalization-group techniques. We apply curve fitting and scaling methods to accurately identify a second-order critical point as well as a Berezinsk...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195445] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Conductance resonances and crossing of the edge channels in the quantum Hall ferromagnetic state of Cd(Mn)Te microstructures

By E. Bobko, D. Płoch, D. Śnieżek, M. Majewicz, M. Foltyn, T. Wojciechowski, S. Chusnutdinow, T. Wojtowicz, and J. Wróbel from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): E. Bobko, D. Płoch, D. Śnieżek, M. Majewicz, M. Foltyn, T. Wojciechowski, S. Chusnutdinow, T. Wojtowicz, and J. Wróbel

We report on the observation of very high and narrow magnetoconductance peaks which we attribute to the transition to the quantum Hall ferromagnetic (QHFM) state occurring at the edges of the sample. We show that the expected spatial degeneracy of chiral edge channels is spontaneously lifted in agre...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195446] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Pressure-induced metal-insulator transition in twisted bilayer graphene

By Bikash Padhi and Philip W. Phillips from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Bikash Padhi and Philip W. Phillips

Recent experiments on twisted bilayer graphene (TBLG) have observed insulating states for two and three unit charges per moiré supercell, whereas the quarter-filling state (QFS) remained metallic. Subsequent experiments show that under hydrostatic pressure the QFS turns insulating for a certain wind...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205141] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Renormalization group transport theory for open quantum systems: Charge fluctuations in multilevel quantum dots in and out of equilibrium

By Carsten J. Lindner, Fabian B. Kugler, Volker Meden, and Herbert Schoeller from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Carsten J. Lindner, Fabian B. Kugler, Volker Meden, and Herbert Schoeller

We present the real-time renormalization group (RTRG) method as a method to describe the stationary state current through generic multilevel quantum dots in nonequilibrium. The employed approach consists of a very rudimentary approximation for the renormalization group (RG) equations which neglects ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205142] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Parity dependent phase diagrams in spin-cluster two-leg ladders

By Zongsheng Zhou, Fuzhou Chen, Yin Zhong, Hong-Gang Luo, and Jize Zhao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Zongsheng Zhou, Fuzhou Chen, Yin Zhong, Hong-Gang Luo, and Jize Zhao

Motivated by the recent experiment on ${\mathrm{K}}_{2}{\mathrm{Cu}}_{3}\mathrm{O}{\left({\mathrm{SO}}_{4}\right)}_{3}$, an edge-shared tetrahedral spin-cluster compound [M. Fujihala, T. Sugimoto, T. Tohyama, S. Mitsuda, R. A. Mole, D. H. Yu, S. Yano, Y. Inagaki, H. Morodomi, T. Kawae, H. Sagayama, ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205143] Published Fri May 24, 2019

A simple position operator for periodic systems

By Emília Valença Ferreira de Aragão, Diego Moreno, Stefano Battaglia, Gian Luigi Bendazzoli, Stefano Evangelisti, Thierry Leininger, Nicolas Suaud, and J. A. Berger from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Emília Valença Ferreira de Aragão, Diego Moreno, Stefano Battaglia, Gian Luigi Bendazzoli, Stefano Evangelisti, Thierry Leininger, Nicolas Suaud, and J. A. Berger

We present a position operator that is compatible with periodic boundary conditions (PBCs). It is a one-body operator that can be applied in calculations of correlated materials by simply replacing the traditional position vector by the new definition. We show that it satisfies important fundamental...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205144] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Competition between phase separation and spin density wave or charge density wave order: Role of long-range interactions

By Bo Xiao, F. Hébert, G. Batrouni, and R. T. Scalettar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Bo Xiao, F. Hébert, G. Batrouni, and R. T. Scalettar

Recent studies of pairing and charge order in materials such as FeSe, ${\mathrm{SrTiO}}_{3}$, and 2H-${\mathrm{NbSe}}_{2}$ have suggested that momentum dependence of the electron-phonon coupling plays an important role in their properties. Initial attempts to study Hamiltonians which either do not i...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205145] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Twist-projected two-dimensional acoustic topological insulators

By Ming-Jun Tuo, Li-Heng Zhang, Dong Liu, Ru-Wen Peng, Ren-Hao Fan, Ze-Guo Chen, Ying Wu, Dong-Xiang Qi, and Mu Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Ming-Jun Tuo, Li-Heng Zhang, Dong Liu, Ru-Wen Peng, Ren-Hao Fan, Ze-Guo Chen, Ying Wu, Dong-Xiang Qi, and Mu Wang

Acoustic analogs of electronic or photonic topological insulators provide unique approaches to manipulate sound wave propagation. Inspired by twist-induced topological photonic insulators, here we propose a type of two-dimensional acoustic topological insulator (TI) via projecting a section of a thr...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205432] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Metric-Torsion Duality of Optically Chiral Structures

By Yongliang Zhang, Lina Shi, Ruo-Yang Zhang, Jinglai Duan, Jack Ng, C. T. Chan, and Kin Hung Fung from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Yongliang Zhang, Lina Shi, Ruo-Yang Zhang, Jinglai Duan, Jack Ng, C. T. Chan, and Kin Hung Fung

We develop a metric-torsion theory for chiral structures by using a generalized framework of transformation optics. We show that the chirality is uniquely determined by a metric with the local rotational degree of freedom. In analogy to the dislocation continuum, the chirality can be alternatively i...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200201] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Coherent Superposition of Feshbach Dimers and Efimov Trimers

By Yaakov Yudkin, Roy Elbaz, P. Giannakeas, Chris H. Greene, and Lev Khaykovich from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Yaakov Yudkin, Roy Elbaz, P. Giannakeas, Chris H. Greene, and Lev Khaykovich

A powerful experimental technique to study Efimov physics at positive scattering lengths is demonstrated. We use the Feshbach dimers as a local reference for Efimov trimers by creating a coherent superposition of both states. Measurement of its coherent evolution provides information on the binding ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200402] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Randomization of Pulse Phases for Unambiguous and Robust Quantum Sensing

By Zhen-Yu Wang, Jacob E. Lang, Simon Schmitt, Johannes Lang, Jorge Casanova, Liam McGuinness, Tania S. Monteiro, Fedor Jelezko, and Martin B. Plenio from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Zhen-Yu Wang, Jacob E. Lang, Simon Schmitt, Johannes Lang, Jorge Casanova, Liam McGuinness, Tania S. Monteiro, Fedor Jelezko, and Martin B. Plenio

We develop theoretically and demonstrate experimentally a universal dynamical decoupling method for robust quantum sensing with unambiguous signal identification. Our method uses randomization of control pulses to simultaneously suppress two types of errors in the measured spectra that would otherwi...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200403] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Thermodynamic Capacity of Quantum Processes

By Philippe Faist, Mario Berta, and Fernando Brandão from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Philippe Faist, Mario Berta, and Fernando Brandão

Thermodynamics imposes restrictions on what state transformations are possible. In the macroscopic limit of asymptotically many independent copies of a state—as for instance in the case of an ideal gas—the possible transformations become reversible and are fully characterized by the free energy. In ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200601] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Scattering Amplitudes and the Conservative Hamiltonian for Binary Systems at Third Post-Minkowskian Order

By Zvi Bern, Clifford Cheung, Radu Roiban, Chia-Hsien Shen, Mikhail P. Solon, and Mao Zeng from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Zvi Bern, Clifford Cheung, Radu Roiban, Chia-Hsien Shen, Mikhail P. Solon, and Mao Zeng

We present the amplitude for classical scattering of gravitationally interacting massive scalars at third post-Minkowskian order. Our approach harnesses powerful tools from the modern amplitudes program such as generalized unitarity and the double-copy construction, which relates gravity integrands ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201603] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Electroweak Baryogenesis from Dark-Sector $CP$ Violation

By Marcela Carena, Mariano Quirós, and Yue Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Marcela Carena, Mariano Quirós, and Yue Zhang

We present a novel mechanism of electroweak baryogenesis where $CP$ violation occurs in a dark sector, comprised of standard model gauge singlets, thereby evading the strong electric dipole moment constraints. In this framework, the background of the timelike component of a new gauge boson ${Z}_{μ}^...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201802] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Novel Method for Precisely Measuring the $X(3872)$ Mass

By Feng-Kun Guo from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Feng-Kun Guo

The $X(3872)$ is the first and the most interesting one amongst the abundant $XYZ$ states. Its mass coincides exactly with the ${D}^{0}{\overline{D}}^{*0}$ threshold with an uncertainty of 180 keV. Precise knowledge of its mass is crucial to understand the $X(3872)$. However, whether it is above or ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 202002] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Direct Laser Cooling to Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dipole Trap

By Alban Urvoy, Zachary Vendeiro, Joshua Ramette, Albert Adiyatullin, and Vladan Vuletić from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Alban Urvoy, Zachary Vendeiro, Joshua Ramette, Albert Adiyatullin, and Vladan Vuletić

A new scheme for cooling 87Rb to Bose-Einstein condensation uses only lasers, unlike the usual method combining laser and evaporation cooling.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203202] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Deterministic Nonlinear Transformations of Phase Noise in Quantum-Limited Frequency Combs

By A. Liehl, P. Sulzer, D. Fehrenbacher, T. Rybka, D. V. Seletskiy, and A. Leitenstorfer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): A. Liehl, P. Sulzer, D. Fehrenbacher, T. Rybka, D. V. Seletskiy, and A. Leitenstorfer

Optical phase noise of femtosecond lasers is analyzed over various steps of broadband nonlinear frequency conversion. The intrinsic phase jitter of our system originates from quantum statistics in the mode-locked oscillator. Supercontinuum generation by four-wave-mixing processes preserves a noise m...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203902] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Observation of Three-Dimensional Photonic Dirac Points and Spin-Polarized Surface Arcs

By Qinghua Guo, Oubo You, Biao Yang, James B. Sellman, Edward Blythe, Hongchao Liu, Yuanjiang Xiang, Jensen Li, Dianyuan Fan, Jing Chen, C. T. Chan, and Shuang Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Qinghua Guo, Oubo You, Biao Yang, James B. Sellman, Edward Blythe, Hongchao Liu, Yuanjiang Xiang, Jensen Li, Dianyuan Fan, Jing Chen, C. T. Chan, and Shuang Zhang

Three-dimensional (3D) Dirac points inheriting relativistic effects from high-energy physics appear as gapless excitations in the topological band theory. Hosting fourfold linear dispersion, they play the central role among various topological phases, such as representing the degeneracy of paired We...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203903] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Elastic Higher-Order Topological Insulator with Topologically Protected Corner States

By Haiyan Fan, Baizhan Xia, Liang Tong, Shengjie Zheng, and Dejie Yu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Haiyan Fan, Baizhan Xia, Liang Tong, Shengjie Zheng, and Dejie Yu

Topologically gapless edge states, characterized by topological invariants and Berry’s phases of bulk energy bands, provide amazing techniques to robustly control the reflectionless propagation of electrons, photons, and phonons. Recently, a new family of topological phases, dictated by the bulk pol...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 204301] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Phase Space Dynamics of a Plasma Wakefield Dechirper for Energy Spread Reduction

By Y. P. Wu, J. F. Hua, Z. Zhou, J. Zhang, S. Liu, B. Peng, Y. Fang, Z. Nie, X. N. Ning, C.-H. Pai, Y. C. Du, W. Lu, C. J. Zhang, W. B. Mori, and C. Joshi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Y. P. Wu, J. F. Hua, Z. Zhou, J. Zhang, S. Liu, B. Peng, Y. Fang, Z. Nie, X. N. Ning, C.-H. Pai, Y. C. Du, W. Lu, C. J. Zhang, W. B. Mori, and C. Joshi

Plasma-based accelerators have made impressive progress in recent years. However, the beam energy spread obtained in these accelerators is still at the $∼1%$ level, nearly one order of magnitude larger than what is needed for challenging applications like coherent light sources or colliders. In plas...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 204804] Published Fri May 24, 2019

First-Principles Determination of Electron-Ion Couplings in the Warm Dense Matter Regime

By Jacopo Simoni and Jérôme Daligault from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Jacopo Simoni and Jérôme Daligault

We present first-principles calculations of the rate of energy exchanges between electrons and ions in nonequilibrium warm dense plasmas, liquid metals, and hot solids, a fundamental property for which various models offer diverging predictions. To this end, a Kubo relation for the electron-ion coup...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 205001] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Standing Waves Induced by Valley-Mismatched Domains in Ferroelectric SnTe Monolayers

By Kai Chang, Brandon J. Miller, Hao Yang, Haicheng Lin, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Salvador Barraza-Lopez, Qi-Kun Xue, Xi Chen, and Shuai-Hua Ji from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Kai Chang, Brandon J. Miller, Hao Yang, Haicheng Lin, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Salvador Barraza-Lopez, Qi-Kun Xue, Xi Chen, and Shuai-Hua Ji

Mismatched valleys across electrically neutral domain walls of a 2D ferroelectric material are shown to induce quasiparticle standing waves.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 206402] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Einstein Relation for a Driven Disordered Quantum Chain in the Subdiffusive Regime

By M. Mierzejewski, P. Prelovšek, and J. Bonča from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): M. Mierzejewski, P. Prelovšek, and J. Bonča

A quantum particle propagates subdiffusively on a strongly disordered chain when it is coupled to itinerant hard-core bosons. We establish a generalized Einstein relation (GER) that relates such subdiffusive spread to an unusual time-dependent drift velocity, which appears as a consequence of a cons...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 206601] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Crystalline-Symmetry-Protected Helical Majorana Modes in the Iron Pnictides

By Elio J. König and Piers Coleman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Elio J. König and Piers Coleman

We propose that propagating one-dimensional Majorana fermions will develop in the vortex cores of certain iron-based superconductors, most notably $\mathrm{Li}({\mathrm{Fe}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{Co}}_{x})\mathrm{As}$. A key ingredient of this proposal is the 3D Dirac cones recently observed in photoemissio...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207001] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Giant Magnetic Anisotropy Induced by Ligand $LS$ Coupling in Layered Cr Compounds

By Dong-Hwan Kim, Kyoo Kim, Kyung-Tae Ko, JunHo Seo, Jun Sung Kim, Tae-Hwan Jang, Younghak Kim, Jae-Young Kim, Sang-Wook Cheong, and Jae-Hoon Park from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Dong-Hwan Kim, Kyoo Kim, Kyung-Tae Ko, JunHo Seo, Jun Sung Kim, Tae-Hwan Jang, Younghak Kim, Jae-Young Kim, Sang-Wook Cheong, and Jae-Hoon Park

We propose a novel origin of magnetic anisotropy to explain the unusual magnetic behaviors of layered ferromagnetic Cr compounds ($3{d}^{3}$) wherein the anisotropy field varies from $≲0.01$ to $∼3\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{T}$ on changing the ligand atom in a common hexagonal structure. The effect of ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207201] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Quantum Interferometry with a $g$-Factor-Tunable Spin Qubit

By K. Ono, S. N. Shevchenko, T. Mori, S. Moriyama, and Franco Nori from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): K. Ono, S. N. Shevchenko, T. Mori, S. Moriyama, and Franco Nori

We study quantum interference effects of a qubit whose energy levels are continuously modulated. The qubit is formed by an impurity electron spin in a silicon tunneling field-effect transistor, and it is read out by spin blockade in a double-dot configuration. The qubit energy levels are modulated v...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207703] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Modeling Gel Swelling Equilibrium in the Mean Field: From Explicit to Poisson-Boltzmann Models

By Jonas Landsgesell, David Sean, Patrick Kreissl, Kai Szuttor, and Christian Holm from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Jonas Landsgesell, David Sean, Patrick Kreissl, Kai Szuttor, and Christian Holm

We develop a double mean-field theory for charged macrogels immersed in electrolyte solutions in the spirit of the cell model approach. We first demonstrate that the equilibrium sampling of a single explicit coarse-grained charged polymer in a cell yields accurate predictions of the swelling equilib...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 208002] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Modulation of Antimicrobial Peptide Potency in Stressed Lipid Bilayers

By Valeria Losasso, Ya-Wen Hsiao, Fausto Martelli, Martyn D. Winn, and Jason Crain from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 24, 2019.

Author(s): Valeria Losasso, Ya-Wen Hsiao, Fausto Martelli, Martyn D. Winn, and Jason Crain

It is shown that the tendency of an archetypal antimicrobial peptide to insert into and perforate a simple lipid bilayer is strongly modulated by tensile stress in the membrane. The results, obtained through molecular dynamics simulations, have been demonstrated with several lipid compositions and a...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 208103] Published Fri May 24, 2019

Reversal of transmission and reflection based on acoustic metagratings with integer parity design

By Yadong Xu from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10377-9

Phase gradient metagratings suffer from limits on conversion efficiency. Here, the authors show a refractive-type metagrating which can enable anomalous reflection and refraction with almost unity efficiency over a wide incident range and uncover how integer parity plays a role in higher order diffraction.

Poly(bis-arylimidazoliums) possessing high hydroxide ion exchange capacity and high alkaline stability

By Steven Holdcroft from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10292-z

The hydroxide anion exchange polymers are key materials of solid polymer electrolyte devices that operate under alkaline conditions. Here the authors show the rational design of such polymers that exhibit high ion exchange capacity and exceptional stability under highly caustic conditions.

Dynamics-dependent density distribution in active suspensions

By Wilson C. K. Poon from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10283-0

It has been predicted theoretically that the density of self-propelled particles whose speed is spatially dependent should be inversely proportional to the local speed. Here the authors present a systematic check of this prediction in a system of light-activated E. coli.

qDSB-Seq is a general method for genome-wide quantification of DNA double-strand breaks using sequencing

By Maga Rowicka from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10332-8

Measuring relative frequencies of DNA double-strand breaks between loci does not provide the full physiological relevance of those breaks. Here Rowicka and colleagues present qDSB-Seq method which uses spike-in double-strand breaks induced by a restriction enzyme to accurately quantify DNA damage.

Collective cell migration and metastases induced by an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in Drosophila intestinal tumors

By Andreu Casali from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10269-y

Modelling and visualizing tumor metastasis in Drosophila has been a challenge. Here, the authors show that constitutive expression of Sna in primary adult Drosophila intestinal tumors drives EMT and dissemination of tumor cells, induces collective cell migration and formation of polyclonal metastases.

The stability of multitrophic communities under habitat loss

By Daniel Montoya from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10370-2

Habitat loss could affect ecological communities in variable ways depending on its structure. Here, the authors show that contiguous rather than random loss is more damaging to the stability of multitrophic communities, regardless of the fraction of mutualistic interactions within the community.

Schistosoma mansoni treatment reduces HIV entry into cervical CD4+ T cells and induces IFN-I pathways

By Rupert Kaul from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-09900-9

Schistosoma mansoniinfection has been linked with an increased risk of HIV acquisition in women. Here, the authors show that standard S. mansoniinfection treatment causes a reduction of HIV entry into cervical and blood CD4+ T cells, which is sustained for up to two months and is associated with de-repression of IFN-I signaling.

Absorbable hemostatic hydrogels comprising composites of sacrificial templates and honeycomb-like nanofibrous mats of chitosan

By Mahmoud Elsabahy from Nature Communications - current - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Nature Communications, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10290-1

Sacrificial templates are used for a range of different applications. Here, the authors synthesise a hyperbranched cyclodextrin polyester template with large void spaces, which is degraded in physiological conditions, and use it to create high surface area chitosan scaffolds for haemostatic applications.

Background matching and disruptive coloration as habitat-specific strategies for camouflage

By Martin Stevens from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44349-2

Background matching and disruptive coloration as habitat-specific strategies for camouflage

Possible Male Infanticide in Wild Orangutans and a Re-evaluation of Infanticide Risk

By Tri Wahyu Susanto from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-42856-w

Possible Male Infanticide in Wild Orangutans and a Re-evaluation of Infanticide Risk

Effect of elastic grading on fretting wear

By Valentin L. Popov from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44269-1

Effect of elastic grading on fretting wear

Enhanced auditory disembedding in an interleaved melody recognition test is associated with absolute pitch ability

By Eckart Altenmüller from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44297-x

Enhanced auditory disembedding in an interleaved melody recognition test is associated with absolute pitch ability

A core genome approach that enables prospective and dynamic monitoring of infectious outbreaks

By Brian D. Gross from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44189-0

A core genome approach that enables prospective and dynamic monitoring of infectious outbreaks

Rapamycin modulates tissue aging and lifespan independently of the gut microbiota in Drosophila

By David W. Walker from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44106-5

Rapamycin modulates tissue aging and lifespan independently of the gut microbiota in Drosophila

Identifying the origin of nitrous oxide dissolved in deep ocean by concentration and isotopocule analyses

By Shuichi Watanabe from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44224-0

Identifying the origin of nitrous oxide dissolved in deep ocean by concentration and isotopocule analyses

Past and Future Hurricane Intensity Change along the U.S. East Coast

By Cuihua Li from Scientific Reports - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 24, 2019.

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-44252-w

Past and Future Hurricane Intensity Change along the U.S. East Coast

Dynamical quantum phase transitions in Weyl semimetals

By Aritra Lahiri and Soumya Bera from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Aritra Lahiri and Soumya Bera

The quench dynamics in type-I inversion-symmetric Weyl semimetals (WSM) is explored in this work which, due to the form of the Hamiltonian, may be readily extended to two-dimensional Chern insulators. We analyze the role of equilibrium topological properties characterized by the Chern number of the ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174311] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Theory of resonant Raman scattering: Towards a comprehensive ab initio description

By Sven Reichardt and Ludger Wirtz from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Sven Reichardt and Ludger Wirtz

We develop a general, fully quantum mechanical theory of Raman scattering from first principles in terms of many-body correlation functions. In order to arrive at expressions that are practically useful in the context of condensed matter physics, we adopt the Lehmann-Symanzik-Zimmermann reduction fo...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174312] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Low-temperature properties in the bilayer Kitaev model

By Hiroyuki Tomishige, Joji Nasu, and Akihisa Koga from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Hiroyuki Tomishige, Joji Nasu, and Akihisa Koga

The ground state of the bilayer Kitaev model with the Heisenberg-type interlayer exchange interaction is investigated by means of the exact diagonalization. Calculating the ground-state energy, local quantity defined on each plaquette, and dynamical spin structure factor, we obtain results suggestin...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174424] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Weak coupling theory of topological Hall effect

By Kazuki Nakazawa and Hiroshi Kohno from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Kazuki Nakazawa and Hiroshi Kohno

Topological Hall effect (THE) caused by a noncoplanar spin texture characterized by a scalar spin chirality is often described by the Berry phase, or the associated effective magnetic field. This picture is appropriate when the coupling $M$ of conduction electrons to the spin texture is strong (stro...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174425] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Application of machine learning to two-dimensional Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya ferromagnets

By Vinit Kumar Singh and Jung Hoon Han from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Vinit Kumar Singh and Jung Hoon Han

Principles of machine learning are applied to spin configurations generated by Monte Carlo method on Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya ferromagnetic models hosting the skyrmion phase in two dimensions. Successful feature predictions regarding the average spin chirality, magnetization, as well as magnetic field ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174426] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Strongly fluctuating moments in the high-temperature magnetic superconductor ${\mathrm{RbEuFe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}$

By K. Willa, R. Willa, J.-K. Bao, A. E. Koshelev, D. Y. Chung, M. G. Kanatzidis, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): K. Willa, R. Willa, J.-K. Bao, A. E. Koshelev, D. Y. Chung, M. G. Kanatzidis, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp

The iron-based superconductor $\mathrm{Rb}\mathrm{Eu}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}$ undergoes a magnetic phase transition deep in the superconducting state. We investigate the calorimetric response of $\mathrm{Rb}\mathrm{Eu}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}$ single crystals of the magnetic and...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 180502(R)] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Predicting three-dimensional icosahedron-based boron ${\mathrm{B}}_{60}$

By Xin-Ling He, Xi Shao, Tong Chen, Yu-Ke Tai, Xiao-Ji Weng, Qun Chen, Xiao Dong, Guoying Gao, Jian Sun, Xiang-Feng Zhou, Yongjun Tian, and Hui-Tian Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Xin-Ling He, Xi Shao, Tong Chen, Yu-Ke Tai, Xiao-Ji Weng, Qun Chen, Xiao Dong, Guoying Gao, Jian Sun, Xiang-Feng Zhou, Yongjun Tian, and Hui-Tian Wang

The icosahedron-based bulk boron structures have extremely chemical and structural complexity, and are usually semiconductors at ambient conditions. Here we predict bulk boron phases with a 60-atom orthorhombic unit cell from an ab initio evolutionary structure search, termed as ${\mathrm{B}}_{60}$....


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184111] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Structure and disorder in ice VII on the approach to hydrogen-bond symmetrization

By M. Guthrie, R. Boehler, J. J. Molaison, B. Haberl, A. M. dos Santos, and C. Tulk from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): M. Guthrie, R. Boehler, J. J. Molaison, B. Haberl, A. M. dos Santos, and C. Tulk

We have collected neutron-diffraction data of sufficient quality for structural refinement from deuterated ice VII to over 60 GPa. At these pressures, we are approaching the onset of molecular dissociation where the water molecule should be significantly distorted. We fitted our data with both the c...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184112] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Magnetic-field effects on the fragile antiferromagnetism in YbBiPt

By B. G. Ueland, A. Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, S. M. Saunders, Y. Furukawa, S. L. Bud'ko, R. J. McQueeney, P. C. Canfield, and A. I. Goldman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): B. G. Ueland, A. Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, S. M. Saunders, Y. Furukawa, S. L. Bud'ko, R. J. McQueeney, P. C. Canfield, and A. I. Goldman

We present neutron-diffraction data for the cubic-heavy-fermion YbBiPt that show broad magnetic diffraction peaks due to the fragile short-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order persist under an applied magnetic-field $\mathbf{H}$. Our results for $\mathbf{H}⊥[\overline{1}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}1\...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184431] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Antiferromagnetism in ${\mathrm{RuO}}_{2}$ as $d$-wave Pomeranchuk instability

By Kyo-Hoon Ahn, Atsushi Hariki, Kwan-Woo Lee, and Jan Kuneš from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Kyo-Hoon Ahn, Atsushi Hariki, Kwan-Woo Lee, and Jan Kuneš

We present a computational study of antiferromagnetic transition in ${\mathrm{RuO}}_{2}$. The rutile structure with the magnetic sublattices coupled with $π/2$ rotation leads to a spin-polarized band structure in the antiferromagnetic state, which gives rise to a $d$-wave modulation of the Fermi sur...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184432] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Nodeless superconductivity and preserved time-reversal symmetry in the noncentrosymmetric ${\mathrm{Mo}}_{3}\mathrm{P}$ superconductor

By T. Shang, J. Philippe, J. A. T. Verezhak, Z. Guguchia, J. Z. Zhao, L.-J. Chang, M. K. Lee, D. J. Gawryluk, E. Pomjakushina, M. Shi, M. Medarde, H.-R. Ott, and T. Shiroka from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): T. Shang, J. Philippe, J. A. T. Verezhak, Z. Guguchia, J. Z. Zhao, L.-J. Chang, M. K. Lee, D. J. Gawryluk, E. Pomjakushina, M. Shi, M. Medarde, H.-R. Ott, and T. Shiroka

We report a comprehensive study of the noncentrosymmetric superconductor ${\mathrm{Mo}}_{3}\mathrm{P}$. Its bulk superconductivity, with ${T}_{c}=5.5\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$, was characterized via electrical-resistivity, magnetization, and heat-capacity measurements, while its microsc...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184513] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Charge density wave and lock-in transitions of ${\mathrm{CuV}}_{2}{\mathrm{S}}_{4}$

By Sitaram Ramakrishnan, Andreas Schönleber, Christian B. Hübschle, Claudio Eisele, Achim M. Schaller, Toms Rekis, Nguyen Hai An Bui, Florian Feulner, Sander van Smaalen, Biplab Bag, Srinivasan Ramakrishnan, Martin Tolkiehn, and Carsten Paulmann from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Sitaram Ramakrishnan, Andreas Schönleber, Christian B. Hübschle, Claudio Eisele, Achim M. Schaller, Toms Rekis, Nguyen Hai An Bui, Florian Feulner, Sander van Smaalen, Biplab Bag, Srinivasan Ramakrishnan, Martin Tolkiehn, and Carsten Paulmann

The three-dimensional charge density wave (CDW) compound ${\mathrm{CuV}}_{2}{\mathrm{S}}_{4}$ is known to undergo phase transitions at $∼91$ and $∼50\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$. Employing single-crystal x-ray diffraction on an annealed crystal, we confirm the formation of an incommensurate ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195140] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Model-mapped random phase approximation to evaluate superconductivity in the fluctuation exchange approximation from first principles

By Hirofumi Sakakibara and Takao Kotani from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Hirofumi Sakakibara and Takao Kotani

We have applied the model-mapped random phase approximation (RPA) [H. Sakakibara et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 86, 044714 (2017)] to the cuprate superconductors ${\mathrm{La}}_{2}{\mathrm{CuO}}_{4}$ and ${\mathrm{HgBa}}_{2}{\mathrm{CuO}}_{4}$, resulting in two-orbital Hubbard models. All the model para...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195141] Published Thu May 23, 2019

On the origin of the anomalous peak in the resistivity of ${\mathrm{TiSe}}_{2}$

By Matthew D. Watson, Adam M. Beales, and Philip D. C. King from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Matthew D. Watson, Adam M. Beales, and Philip D. C. King

Resistivity measurements of TiSe2 typically show a pronounced and broad peak upon cooling, whose link with the much-studied charge density wave like transition that this material hosts has proved controversial. Here, the authors present quantitative simulations of resistivity using a simple model, but one whose parameters are strongly constrained from recent electronic structure measurements. It is shown that the prominent peak in resistivity, and its variation with doping, arise due to changing thermal carrier populations of a narrow-gap semiconductor, and that these are largely unrelated to the 200 K phase transition.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195142] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Electron-electron scattering dominated electrical and magnetotransport properties in the quasi-two-dimensional Fermi liquid single-crystal $\mathrm{B}{\mathrm{i}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}\mathrm{Se}$

By Yang-Yang Lv, Lu Xu, Song-Tao Dong, Ye-Cheng Luo, Yan-Yan Zhang, Y. B. Chen, Shu-Hua Yao, Jian Zhou, Yushuang Cui, Shan-Tao Zhang, Ming-Hui Lu, and Yan-Feng Chen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Yang-Yang Lv, Lu Xu, Song-Tao Dong, Ye-Cheng Luo, Yan-Yan Zhang, Y. B. Chen, Shu-Hua Yao, Jian Zhou, Yushuang Cui, Shan-Tao Zhang, Ming-Hui Lu, and Yan-Feng Chen

Recently, the oxide semiconductor $\mathrm{B}{\mathrm{i}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}\mathrm{Se}$ nanoplates with an ultrahigh mobility demonstrated superior ultrafast photoelectronic properties of which physical origins are hotly studied theoretically and experimentally. Here we grew the $\mathrm{B}{\mathr...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195143] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Analytical model of resonant electromagnetic dipole-quadrupole coupling in nanoparticle arrays

By Viktoriia E. Babicheva and Andrey B. Evlyukhin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Viktoriia E. Babicheva and Andrey B. Evlyukhin

An analytical model for investigations of multipole coupling effects in the finite and infinite nanoparticle arrays supporting electromagnetic resonances is presented and discussed. This model considers the contributions of both electric and magnetic modes excited in the nanoparticles, including ele...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195444] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Dual topological nodal line and nonsymmorphic Dirac semimetal in three dimensions

By Yun-Tak Oh, Hong-Guk Min, and Youngkuk Kim from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Yun-Tak Oh, Hong-Guk Min, and Youngkuk Kim

There are two types of previously known three-dimensional Dirac semimetals (DSs)—topological DSs and nonsymmorphic DSs. Here, we present a three-dimensional DS that exhibits features of both topological and nonsymmorphic DSs. We introduce a minimal tight-binding model for the space group 100 that de...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 201110(R)] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Non-Wigner-Dyson level statistics and fractal wave function of disordered Weyl semimetals

By C. Wang, Peng Yan, and X. R. Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): C. Wang, Peng Yan, and X. R. Wang

Finding fingerprints of disordered Weyl semimetals (WSMs) is an unsolved task. Here we report such findings in the level statistics and the fractal nature of electron wave function around Weyl nodes (WNs) of disordered WSMs. The nearest-neighbor level spacing follows a new universal distribution ${P...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205140] Published Thu May 23, 2019

RKKY interactions in graphene Landau levels

By Jinlyu Cao (曹进律), H. A. Fertig, and Shixiong Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Jinlyu Cao (曹进律), H. A. Fertig, and Shixiong Zhang

We study Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida (RKKY) interactions for magnetic impurities on graphene in situations where the electronic spectrum is in the form of Landau levels. Two such situations are considered: nonuniformly strained graphene, and graphene in a real magnetic field. RKKY interactions are...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205430] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Valley isospin of interface states in a graphene $pn$ junction in the quantum Hall regime

By Luka Trifunovic and Piet W. Brouwer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Luka Trifunovic and Piet W. Brouwer

In the presence of crossed electric and magnetic fields, a graphene ribbon has chiral states running along sample edges and along boundaries between $p$-doped and $n$-doped regions. We here consider the scattering of edge states into interface states, which takes place wherever the $pn$ interface cr...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205431] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Three-Qubit Randomized Benchmarking

By David C. McKay, Sarah Sheldon, John A. Smolin, Jerry M. Chow, and Jay M. Gambetta from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): David C. McKay, Sarah Sheldon, John A. Smolin, Jerry M. Chow, and Jay M. Gambetta

As quantum circuits increase in size, it is critical to establish scalable multiqubit fidelity metrics. Here we investigate, for the first time, three-qubit randomized benchmarking (RB) on a quantum device consisting of three fixed-frequency transmon qubits with pairwise microwave-activated interact...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200502] Published Thu May 23, 2019

No-Boundary Proposal as a Path Integral with Robin Boundary Conditions

By Alice Di Tucci and Jean-Luc Lehners from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Alice Di Tucci and Jean-Luc Lehners

Realizing the no-boundary proposal of Hartle and Hawking as a consistent gravitational path integral has been a long-standing puzzle. In particular, it was demonstrated by Feldbrugge, Lehners, and Turok that the sum over all universes starting from a zero size results in an unstable saddle point geo...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201302] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Direct Searches for Hidden-Photon Dark Matter with the SHUKET Experiment

By Pierre Brun, Laurent Chevalier, and Christophe Flouzat from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Pierre Brun, Laurent Chevalier, and Christophe Flouzat

Hidden photons are dark matter candidates motivated by theories beyond the standard model of particle physics. They mix with conventional photons, and they can be detected through the very weak electromagnetic radiation they induce at the interface between a metal and the air. SHUKET [search for U(1...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201801] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Observation of the Decay $X(3872)→{π}^{0}{χ}_{c1}(1P)$

By M. Ablikim <em>et al.</em> (BESIII Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): M. Ablikim et al. (BESIII Collaboration)

Using a total of $9.0\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{fb}}^{−1}$ of ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}$ collision data with center-of-mass energies between 4.15 and 4.30 GeV collected by the BESIII detector, we search for the processes ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→γX(3872)$ with $X(3872)→{π}^{0}{χ}_{cJ}$ for $J=0$, 1, 2. We report the fir...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 202001] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Contact and Sum Rules in a Near-Uniform Fermi Gas at Unitarity

By C. Carcy, S. Hoinka, M. G. Lingham, P. Dyke, C. C. N. Kuhn, H. Hu, and C. J. Vale from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): C. Carcy, S. Hoinka, M. G. Lingham, P. Dyke, C. C. N. Kuhn, H. Hu, and C. J. Vale

Cold-atom experiments probe how likely atoms are to pair up in strongly interacting fermion systems.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203401] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Spectral Response and Contact of the Unitary Fermi Gas

By Biswaroop Mukherjee, Parth B. Patel, Zhenjie Yan, Richard J. Fletcher, Julian Struck, and Martin W. Zwierlein from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 23, 2019.

Author(s): Biswaroop Mukherjee, Parth B. Patel, Zhenjie Yan, Richard J. Fletcher, Julian Struck, and Martin W. Zwierlein

Cold-atom experiments probe how likely atoms are to pair up in strongly interacting fermion systems.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203402] Published Thu May 23, 2019

Measuring the formation energy barrier of skyrmions in zinc-substituted ${\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}{\mathrm{OSeO}}_{3}$

By M. N. Wilson, M. Crisanti, C. Barker, A. Štefančič, J. S. White, M. T. Birch, G. Balakrishnan, R. Cubitt, and P. D. Hatton from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): M. N. Wilson, M. Crisanti, C. Barker, A. Štefančič, J. S. White, M. T. Birch, G. Balakrishnan, R. Cubitt, and P. D. Hatton

We report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements of the skyrmion lattice in ${({\mathrm{Cu}}_{0.976}{\mathrm{Zn}}_{0.024})}_{2}{\mathrm{OSeO}}_{3}$ under the application of electric and magnetic fields. These measurements show an expansion of the skyrmion lattice stability region with el...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174421] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Detecting spin current noise in quantum magnets with photons

By Joshua Aftergood, Mircea Trif, and So Takei from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Joshua Aftergood, Mircea Trif, and So Takei

A minimally invasive technique is proposed for detecting spin current noise across a junction between two quantum magnets using a high-quality microwave resonator coupled to a transmission line which is impedance matched to a photon detector downstream. Photons in the microwave resonator couple indu...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174422] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Single-layer tensor network study of the Heisenberg model with chiral interactions on a kagome lattice

By R. Haghshenas, Shou-Shu Gong, and D. N. Sheng from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): R. Haghshenas, Shou-Shu Gong, and D. N. Sheng

We study the antiferromagnetic kagome Heisenberg model with an additional scalar-chiral interaction by using the infinite projected entangled-pair state (iPEPS) ansatz. We discuss in detail the implementation of the optimization algorithm in the framework of the single-layer tensor network based on ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174423] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Evidence for melting of HD and ${\mathrm{D}}_{2}$ clusters in solid neon below 1 K

By S. Sheludiakov, J. Ahokas, J. Järvinen, L. Lehtonen, S. Vasiliev, Yu. A. Dmitriev, D. M. Lee, and V. V. Khmelenko from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): S. Sheludiakov, J. Ahokas, J. Järvinen, L. Lehtonen, S. Vasiliev, Yu. A. Dmitriev, D. M. Lee, and V. V. Khmelenko

We report on an electron spin resonance study of H and D atoms stabilized in solid mixtures of neon, molecular deuterium, and hydrogen deuteride. We observed that H and D atoms can be stabilized in pure HD and ${\mathrm{D}}_{2}$ clusters formed in pores of solid Ne as well as in a Ne environment. Ra...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174514] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Gapless spin excitations in superconducting ${\mathrm{La}}_{2−x}{\mathrm{Ca}}_{1+x}{\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{6}$ with ${T}_{c}$ up to 55 K

By John A. Schneeloch, Ruidan Zhong, M. B. Stone, I. A. Zaliznyak, G. D. Gu, Guangyong Xu, and J. M. Tranquada from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): John A. Schneeloch, Ruidan Zhong, M. B. Stone, I. A. Zaliznyak, G. D. Gu, Guangyong Xu, and J. M. Tranquada

We report inelastic neutron scattering on single crystals of the bilayer cuprate family ${\mathrm{La}}_{2−x}{\mathrm{Ca}}_{1+x}{\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{6+δ}$, including two crystals made superconducting (transitions at 45 and 55 K) by high-pressure annealing in an oxygen-containing atmosphere....


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174515] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Enhanced perpendicular magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy in an artificial magnetic material with bulk spin-momentum coupling

By Abdul-Muizz Pradipto, Kay Yakushiji, Woo Seung Ham, Sanghoon Kim, Yoichi Shiota, Takahiro Moriyama, Kyoung-Whan Kim, Hyun-Woo Lee, Kohji Nakamura, Kyung-Jin Lee, and Teruo Ono from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Abdul-Muizz Pradipto, Kay Yakushiji, Woo Seung Ham, Sanghoon Kim, Yoichi Shiota, Takahiro Moriyama, Kyoung-Whan Kim, Hyun-Woo Lee, Kohji Nakamura, Kyung-Jin Lee, and Teruo Ono

We systematically investigate the perpendicular magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in $\mathrm{Co}−\mathrm{Pt}/\mathrm{Pd}$-based multilayers. Our magnetic measurement data show that the asymmetric Co/Pd/Pt multilayer has a significantly larger perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) energy compare...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 180410(R)] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Magnetic structure of monatomic Fe chains on Re(0001): Emergence of chiral multispin interactions

By A. Lászlóffy, L. Rózsa, K. Palotás, L. Udvardi, and L. Szunyogh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): A. Lászlóffy, L. Rózsa, K. Palotás, L. Udvardi, and L. Szunyogh

We present results of first-principles calculations of the magnetic properties of Fe chains deposited on the Re(0001) surface. By increasing the length of the chain, a transition is found from an almost collinear antiferromagnetic state for a five-atom-long chain to a spin spiral state with the rota...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184430] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Spontaneous symmetry breaking at surfaces of $d$-wave superconductors: Influence of geometry and surface ruggedness

By P. Holmvall, A. B. Vorontsov, M. Fogelström, and T. Löfwander from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): P. Holmvall, A. B. Vorontsov, M. Fogelström, and T. Löfwander

Surfaces of $d$-wave superconductors may host a substantial density of zero-energy Andreev states. The zero-energy flat band appears due to a topological constraint, but comes with a cost in free energy. We have recently found that an adjustment of the surface states can drive a phase transition int...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184511] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Odd-frequency pairs in chiral symmetric systems: Spectral bulk-boundary correspondence and topological criticality

By Shun Tamura, Shintaro Hoshino, and Yukio Tanaka from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Shun Tamura, Shintaro Hoshino, and Yukio Tanaka

Odd-frequency Cooper pairs with chiral symmetry emerging at the edges of topological superconductors are a useful physical quantity for characterizing the topological properties of these materials. In this work, we show that the odd-frequency Cooper pair amplitudes can be expressed by a winding numb...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184512] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Non-Abelian operation on chiral Majorana fermions by quantum dots

By Yan-Feng Zhou, Zhe Hou, and Qing-Feng Sun from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yan-Feng Zhou, Zhe Hou, and Qing-Feng Sun

We show that if a quantum dot or Majorana zero mode couples to the chiral Majorana fermions, a resonant exchange of chiral Majorana fermions can occur and leads to a non-Abelian braidinglike operation analogous to the braiding of Majorana zero modes. Remarkably, any operation in the braid group can ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195137] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Electronic structure of ${\mathrm{La}}_{2/3}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{1/3}{\mathrm{MnO}}_{3}$: Interplay of oxygen octahedra rotations and epitaxial strain

By Martin Zahradník, Thomas Maroutian, Martin Zelený, Lukáš Horák, Georg Kurij, Tomáš Maleček, Lukáš Beran, Štefan Višňovský, Guillaume Agnus, Philippe Lecoeur, and Martin Veis from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Martin Zahradník, Thomas Maroutian, Martin Zelený, Lukáš Horák, Georg Kurij, Tomáš Maleček, Lukáš Beran, Štefan Višňovský, Guillaume Agnus, Philippe Lecoeur, and Martin Veis

Influence of epitaxial strain and oxygen octahedra rotations on electronic structure of ${\mathrm{La}}_{2/3}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{1/3}{\mathrm{MnO}}_{3}$ ultrathin films was systematically studied. The investigated films were grown by pulsed laser deposition on four different substrates: cubic (001)-orient...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195138] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Entanglement renormalization and symmetry fractionalization

By Sukhbinder Singh, Nathan A. McMahon, and Gavin K. Brennen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Sukhbinder Singh, Nathan A. McMahon, and Gavin K. Brennen

It is well known that the matrix product state (MPS) description of a gapped ground state with a global on-site symmetry can exhibit “symmetry fractionalization.” Namely, even though the symmetry acts as a linear representation on the physical degrees of freedom, the MPS matrices—which act on some v...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195139] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Common nonlinear features and spin-orbit coupling effects in the Zeeman splitting of novel wurtzite materials

By Paulo E. Faria Junior, Davide Tedeschi, Marta De Luca, Benedikt Scharf, Antonio Polimeni, and Jaroslav Fabian from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Paulo E. Faria Junior, Davide Tedeschi, Marta De Luca, Benedikt Scharf, Antonio Polimeni, and Jaroslav Fabian

The response of semiconductor materials to external magnetic fields is a reliable approach to probe intrinsic electronic and spin-dependent properties. In this study, we investigate the common Zeeman splitting features of novel wurtzite materials, namely, InP, InAs, and GaAs. We present values for t...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195205] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Engineering giant Rashba spin-orbit splitting in graphene via $n\text{−}p$ codoping

By Shifei Qi, Yulei Han, Fuming Xu, Xiaohong Xu, and Zhenhua Qiao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Shifei Qi, Yulei Han, Fuming Xu, Xiaohong Xu, and Zhenhua Qiao

Spin-orbit coupling in graphene is able to induce various topological phases and is also crucial for potential application in graphene-based spintronics. However, graphene itself exhibits extremely weak spin-orbit coupling, and it is rather challenging to enhance the spin-orbit coupling without dras...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195439] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Building a free-energy functional from atomically resolved imaging: Atomic-scale phenomena in La-doped $\mathrm{BiFe}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$

By Anna N. Morozovska, Eugene A. Eliseev, Deyang Chen, Christopher T. Nelson, and Sergei V. Kalinin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Anna N. Morozovska, Eugene A. Eliseev, Deyang Chen, Christopher T. Nelson, and Sergei V. Kalinin

Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) has enabled mapping of atomic structures of solids with sub-picometer precision, providing insight to the physics of ferroic phenomena and chemical expansion. However, only a subset of information is available, due to projective nature of imaging in t...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195440] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Second-layer crystalline phase of helium films on graphite

By Saverio Moroni and Massimo Boninsegni from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Saverio Moroni and Massimo Boninsegni

We investigate theoretically the existence at low temperature of a commensurate (4/7) crystalline phase of a layer of either He isotope on top of a $^{4}\mathrm{He}$ layer adsorbed on graphite. We make use of a recently developed, systematically improvable variational approach which allows us to tre...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195441] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Negative differential resistance in hybrid carbon-based structures

By A. B. Felix, M. Pacheco, P. Orellana, and A. Latgé from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): A. B. Felix, M. Pacheco, P. Orellana, and A. Latgé

Here we study negative differential resistance effect in hybrid carbon nanostructures composed of graphene nanoribbons and carbon nanotubes. In the coupled structure, the finite flakes of nanotubes allow the formation of resonant states in the system tuning the conductance and generating Fano antire...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195442] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Topological band structure of surface acoustic waves on a periodically corrugated surface

By Tomohiro Inoue and Shuichi Murakami from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Tomohiro Inoue and Shuichi Murakami

Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are elastic waves localized on a surface of an elastic body. We theoretically study topological edge modes of SAWs for a corrugated surface. We introduce a corrugation forming a triangular lattice on the surface of an elastic body. We treat the corrugation as a perturba...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195443] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Kondo-lattice ferromagnets and their peculiar order along the magnetically hard axis determined by the crystalline electric field

By D. Hafner, Binod K. Rai, J. Banda, K. Kliemt, C. Krellner, J. Sichelschmidt, E. Morosan, C. Geibel, and M. Brando from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): D. Hafner, Binod K. Rai, J. Banda, K. Kliemt, C. Krellner, J. Sichelschmidt, E. Morosan, C. Geibel, and M. Brando

We show that Ce- and Yb-based Kondo-lattice ferromagnets order mainly along the magnetically hard direction of the ground-state Kramers doublet determined by crystalline electric field. Here, we argue that this peculiar phenomenon, that was believed to be rare, is instead the standard case. Moreover...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 201109(R)] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Correspondence between bulk entanglement and boundary excitation spectra in two-dimensional gapped topological phases

By Zhu-Xi Luo, Brendan G. Pankovich, Yuting Hu, and Yong-Shi Wu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Zhu-Xi Luo, Brendan G. Pankovich, Yuting Hu, and Yong-Shi Wu

We study the correspondence between boundary excitation distribution spectrum of nonchiral topological orders on an open surface $\mathcal{M}$ with gapped boundaries and the entanglement spectrum in the bulk of gapped topological orders on a closed surface. The closed surface is bipartitioned into t...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205137] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the periodically driven Anderson impurity model

By Zhuoran He and Andrew J. Millis from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Zhuoran He and Andrew J. Millis

We study the growth of entanglement entropy and bond dimension with time in density matrix renormalization group simulations of the periodically driven single-impurity Anderson model. The growth of entanglement entropy is found to be related to the ordering of the bath orbitals and to the relation o...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205138] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Emergent anomalous higher symmetries from topological order and from dynamical electromagnetic field in condensed matter systems

By Xiao-Gang Wen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Xiao-Gang Wen

Global symmetry (0-symmetry) acts on the whole space while higher $k$-symmetry acts on all the codimension-$k$ closed subspaces. The usual condensed matter lattice theories do not include dynamical electromagnetic (EM) field and do not have higher symmetries (unless we engineer fine-tuned toy models...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205139] Published Wed May 22, 2019

In-plane band bending in hexagonal monolayer ${\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ by edge polarization

By Eun-Ha Shin, Hanchul Kim, and Yong-Sung Kim from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Eun-Ha Shin, Hanchul Kim, and Yong-Sung Kim

A triangular domain structure within hexagonal monolayer ${\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ is found to be induced by edge polarization. Based on density-functional theory calculations, the local electrostatic potential over ${\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ is investigated, and with the S-adatom and ${\mathrm{S}}_{2}$-addimer ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205427] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Photoemission electron microscopy to characterize slow light in a photonic crystal line defect

By Theodore Stenmark and Rolf Könenkamp from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Theodore Stenmark and Rolf Könenkamp

Using femtosecond nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) we provide a detailed characterization of slow light in a small-size asymmetric photonic crystal structure. We show that PEEM is capable of providing a unique description of the light propagation in such structures by direct imagin...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205428] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Floquet topological phase transition in the $α\text{−}{\mathcal{T}}_{3}$ lattice

By Bashab Dey and Tarun Kanti Ghosh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Bashab Dey and Tarun Kanti Ghosh

We investigate topological characteristics of the photon-dressed band structure of the $α\text{−}{\mathcal{T}}_{3}$ lattice on being driven by off-resonant circularly polarized radiation. We obtain exact analytical expressions of the quasienergy bands over the first Brillouin zone. The broken time-r...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205429] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Machine Learning Nonlocal Correlations

By Askery Canabarro, Samuraí Brito, and Rafael Chaves from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Askery Canabarro, Samuraí Brito, and Rafael Chaves

The ability to witness nonlocal correlations lies at the core of foundational aspects of quantum mechanics and its application in the processing of information. Commonly, this is achieved via the violation of Bell inequalities. Unfortunately, however, their systematic derivation quickly becomes unfe...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200401] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Neural Belief-Propagation Decoders for Quantum Error-Correcting Codes

By Ye-Hua Liu and David Poulin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Ye-Hua Liu and David Poulin

Belief-propagation (BP) decoders play a vital role in modern coding theory, but they are not suitable to decode quantum error-correcting codes because of a unique quantum feature called error degeneracy. Inspired by an exact mapping between BP and deep neural networks, we train neural BP decoders fo...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200501] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Entanglement of Purification in Many Body Systems and Symmetry Breaking

By Arpan Bhattacharyya, Alexander Jahn, Tadashi Takayanagi, and Koji Umemoto from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Arpan Bhattacharyya, Alexander Jahn, Tadashi Takayanagi, and Koji Umemoto

We study the entanglement of purification (EOP), a measure of total correlation between two subsystems $A$ and $B$, for free scalar field theory on a lattice and the transverse-field Ising model by numerical methods. In both of these models, we find that the EOP becomes a nonmonotonic function of th...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201601] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Matter Dependence of the Four-Loop Cusp Anomalous Dimension

By J. M. Henn, T. Peraro, M. Stahlhofen, and P. Wasser from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): J. M. Henn, T. Peraro, M. Stahlhofen, and P. Wasser

We compute analytically the matter-dependent contributions to the quartic Casimir term of the four-loop lightlike cusp anomalous dimension in QCD, with ${n}_{f}$ fermion and ${n}_{s}$ scalar flavors. The result is extracted from the double pole of a scalar form factor. We adopt a new strategy for th...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201602] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Conservation of Torus-knot Angular Momentum in High-order Harmonic Generation

By Emilio Pisanty, Laura Rego, Julio San Román, Antonio Picón, Kevin M. Dorney, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, Luis Plaja, Maciej Lewenstein, and Carlos Hernández-García from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Emilio Pisanty, Laura Rego, Julio San Román, Antonio Picón, Kevin M. Dorney, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, Luis Plaja, Maciej Lewenstein, and Carlos Hernández-García

High-order harmonic generation stands as a unique nonlinear optical up-conversion process, mediated by a laser-driven electron recollision mechanism, which has been shown to conserve energy, linear momentum, and spin and orbital angular momentum. Here, we present theoretical simulations that demonst...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203201] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Theory of Subradiant States of a One-Dimensional Two-Level Atom Chain

By Yu-Xiang Zhang and Klaus Mølmer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Yu-Xiang Zhang and Klaus Mølmer

Recently, the subradiant states of one-dimensional two-level atom chains coupled to light modes were found to have decay rates obeying a universal scaling, and an unexpected fermionic character of the multiply excited subradiant states was discovered. In this Letter, we theoretically obtain the sing...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203605] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Cooperative Energy Transfer Controls the Spontaneous Emission Rate Beyond Field Enhancement Limits

By Mohamed ElKabbash, Ermanno Miele, Ahmad K. Fumani, Michael S. Wolf, Angelo Bozzola, Elisha Haber, Tigran V. Shahbazyan, Jesse Berezovsky, Francesco De Angelis, and Giuseppe Strangi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Mohamed ElKabbash, Ermanno Miele, Ahmad K. Fumani, Michael S. Wolf, Angelo Bozzola, Elisha Haber, Tigran V. Shahbazyan, Jesse Berezovsky, Francesco De Angelis, and Giuseppe Strangi

Quantum emitters located in proximity to a metal nanostructure individually transfer their energy via near-field excitation of surface plasmons. The energy transfer process increases the spontaneous emission (SE) rate due to plasmon-enhanced local field. Here, we demonstrate a significant accelerati...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203901] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Optimizing Laser Pulses for Narrow-Band Inverse Compton Sources in the High-Intensity Regime

By Daniel Seipt, Vasily Yu. Kharin, and Sergey G. Rykovanov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Daniel Seipt, Vasily Yu. Kharin, and Sergey G. Rykovanov

Scattering of ultraintense short laser pulses off relativistic electrons allows one to generate a large number of X- or gamma-ray photons with the expense of the spectral width—temporal pulsing of the laser inevitable leads to considerable spectral broadening. In this Letter, we describe a simple me...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 204802] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Measurement of the Spin Tune Using the Coherent Spin Motion of Polarized Protons in a Storage Ring

By H. Huang, J. Kewisch, C. Liu, A. Marusic, W. Meng, F. Méot, P. Oddo, V. Ptitsyn, V. Ranjbar, T. Roser, and W. B. Schmidke from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): H. Huang, J. Kewisch, C. Liu, A. Marusic, W. Meng, F. Méot, P. Oddo, V. Ptitsyn, V. Ranjbar, T. Roser, and W. B. Schmidke

This Letter reports the first spin tune measurement at high energies (24 and 255 GeV) with a driven coherent spin motion. To maintain polarization in a polarized proton collider, it is important to know the spin tune of the polarized proton beam, which is defined as the number of full spin precessio...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 204803] Published Wed May 22, 2019

All-Microwave Control and Dispersive Readout of Gate-Defined Quantum Dot Qubits in Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics

By P. Scarlino, D. J. van Woerkom, A. Stockklauser, J. V. Koski, M. C. Collodo, S. Gasparinetti, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, T. Ihn, K. Ensslin, and A. Wallraff from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): P. Scarlino, D. J. van Woerkom, A. Stockklauser, J. V. Koski, M. C. Collodo, S. Gasparinetti, C. Reichl, W. Wegscheider, T. Ihn, K. Ensslin, and A. Wallraff

A superconducting resonator coupled to a semiconductor double quantum dot allows for a detailed study of coherence properties of charge qubits.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 206802] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Ultrafast X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Strongly Correlated Systems: Core Hole Effect

By Chen-Yen Lai and Jian-Xin Zhu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Chen-Yen Lai and Jian-Xin Zhu

In recent years, ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy has provided insightful information about the nonequilibrium dynamics of excitations in materials. In a typical experiment of time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy, the systems are excited by a femtosecond laser pulse (pump pulse) followed by ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207401] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Spectroscopy of Quantum Dot Orbitals with In-Plane Magnetic Fields

By Leon C. Camenzind, Liuqi Yu, Peter Stano, Jeramy D. Zimmerman, Arthur C. Gossard, Daniel Loss, and Dominik M. Zumbühl from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Leon C. Camenzind, Liuqi Yu, Peter Stano, Jeramy D. Zimmerman, Arthur C. Gossard, Daniel Loss, and Dominik M. Zumbühl

A new experimental method provides a way to determine the 3D confining potential of an electron in a quantum dot, allowing improved control over the electron’s spin.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207701] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Role of Quasiparticles in an Electric Circuit with Josephson Junctions

By Benoît Rossignol, Thomas Kloss, and Xavier Waintal from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Benoît Rossignol, Thomas Kloss, and Xavier Waintal

Although Josephson junctions can be viewed as highly nonlinear impedances for superconducting quantum technologies, they also possess internal dynamics that may strongly affect their behavior. Here, we construct a computational framework that includes a microscopic description of the junction (full ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 207702] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Unexpected Stretching of Entangled Ring Macromolecules

By Q. Huang, J. Ahn, D. Parisi, T. Chang, O. Hassager, S. Panyukov, M. Rubinstein, and D. Vlassopoulos from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Q. Huang, J. Ahn, D. Parisi, T. Chang, O. Hassager, S. Panyukov, M. Rubinstein, and D. Vlassopoulos

Macromolecules without free ends respond to uniaxial stretching in a way that distinguishes them from any other polymer.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 208001] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Biomechanical Feedback Strengthens Jammed Cellular Packings

By Pawel Gniewek, Carl F. Schreck, and Oskar Hallatschek from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 22, 2019.

Author(s): Pawel Gniewek, Carl F. Schreck, and Oskar Hallatschek

Growth in confined spaces can drive cellular populations through a jamming transition from a fluidlike state to a solidlike state. Experiments have found that jammed budding yeast populations can build up extreme compressive pressures (over 1 MPa), which in turn feed back onto cellular physiology by...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 208102] Published Wed May 22, 2019

Author Correction: Carbon nanotubes as emerging quantum-light sources

By C. Voisin from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 22, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0406-4

Author Correction: Carbon nanotubes as emerging quantum-light sources

Spin and orbital angular momenta of acoustic beams

By Konstantin Y. Bliokh and Franco Nori from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Konstantin Y. Bliokh and Franco Nori

We analyze spin and orbital angular momenta in monochromatic acoustic wave fields in a homogeneous medium. Despite being purely longitudinal (curl-free), inhomogeneous acoustic waves generically possess nonzero spin angular momentum density caused by the local rotation of the vector velocity field. ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174310] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Atomically resolved magnetic structure of a Gd-Au surface alloy

By Maciej Bazarnik, Mikel Abadia, Jens Brede, Michał Hermanowicz, Emil Sierda, Micha Elsebach, Torben Hänke, and Roland Wiesendanger from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Maciej Bazarnik, Mikel Abadia, Jens Brede, Michał Hermanowicz, Emil Sierda, Micha Elsebach, Torben Hänke, and Roland Wiesendanger

The magnetic structure of a monolayer-thick $\mathrm{GdA}{\mathrm{u}}_{2}$ surface alloy on Au(111) has been investigated down to the atomic level by spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. Spin-resolved tunneling spectroscopy combined with density-functional theory calculations reveal the loc...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174419] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Correlations between oxygen octahedral distortions and magnetic and transport properties in strained ${\mathrm{La}}_{0.5}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{0.5}\mathrm{Co}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$ thin films

By Yooun Heo, Daisuke Kan, Masato Anada, Yusuke Wakabayashi, Hiroo Tajiri, and Yuichi Shimakawa from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Yooun Heo, Daisuke Kan, Masato Anada, Yusuke Wakabayashi, Hiroo Tajiri, and Yuichi Shimakawa

We quantitatively evaluated oxygen octahedral distortions in epitaxial thin films of the itinerant ferromagnet, ${\mathrm{La}}_{0.5}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{0.5}\mathrm{Co}{\mathrm{O}}_{3}$ (LSCO), and investigated their impact on strucure-property relationships. The compressively strained film on a $\mathrm{...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174420] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Full proximity treatment of topological superconductors in Josephson-junction architectures

By F. Setiawan, Chien-Te Wu, and K. Levin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): F. Setiawan, Chien-Te Wu, and K. Levin

Experiments on planar Josephson-junction architectures have recently been shown to provide an alternative way of creating topological superconductors hosting accessible Majorana modes. These zero-energy modes can be found at the ends of a one-dimensional channel in the junction of a two-dimensional ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174511] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Circuit quantization in the presence of time-dependent external flux

By Xinyuan You, J. A. Sauls, and Jens Koch from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Xinyuan You, J. A. Sauls, and Jens Koch

Circuit quantization links a physical circuit to its corresponding quantum Hamiltonian. The standard quantization procedure generally assumes any external magnetic flux to be static. Time dependence naturally arises, however, when flux is modulated or when flux noise is considered. In this case, app...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174512] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Probing the superconducting ground state of ZrIrSi: A muon spin rotation and relaxation study

By K. Panda, A. Bhattacharyya, D. T. Adroja, N. Kase, P. K. Biswas, Surabhi Saha, Tanmoy Das, M. R. Lees, and A. D. Hillier from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): K. Panda, A. Bhattacharyya, D. T. Adroja, N. Kase, P. K. Biswas, Surabhi Saha, Tanmoy Das, M. R. Lees, and A. D. Hillier

The superconducting ground state of recently discovered ZrIrSi is probed by means of muon spin rotation and relaxation ($μ\mathrm{SR}$) and resistivity measurements. The occurrence of superconductivity at ${T}_{\mathrm{C}}=1.7$ K is confirmed by resistivity measurements. Zero field $μ\mathrm{SR}$ st...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174513] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Suppression of transport in nondisordered quantum spin chains due to confined excitations

By Paolo Pietro Mazza, Gabriele Perfetto, Alessio Lerose, Mario Collura, and Andrea Gambassi from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Paolo Pietro Mazza, Gabriele Perfetto, Alessio Lerose, Mario Collura, and Andrea Gambassi

The laws of thermodynamics require any initial macroscopic inhomogeneity in extended many-body systems to be smoothed out by the time evolution through the activation of transport processes. In generic quantum systems, transport is expected to be governed by a diffusion law, whereas a sufficiently s...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 180302(R)] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Phonon signatures of multiple topological quantum phase transitions in compressed $\mathrm{TlBi}{\mathrm{S}}_{2}$: A combined experimental and theoretical study

By V. Rajaji, Raagya Arora, Saurav Ch. Sarma, B. Joseph, Sebastian C. Peter, Umesh V. Waghmare, and Chandrabhas Narayana from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): V. Rajaji, Raagya Arora, Saurav Ch. Sarma, B. Joseph, Sebastian C. Peter, Umesh V. Waghmare, and Chandrabhas Narayana

We report the hydrostatic pressure induced two topological phase transitions in strong spin-orbit coupled material $\mathrm{TlBi}{\mathrm{S}}_{2}$ at room temperature. Frequencies of the ${\mathrm{A}}_{1\mathrm{g}}$ and ${\mathrm{E}}_{\mathrm{g}}$ phonons are observed to increase monotonically up to...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184109] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Tailoring one-dimensional layered metamaterials to achieve unidirectional transmission and reflection

By D. Psiachos and M. M. Sigalas from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): D. Psiachos and M. M. Sigalas

We investigate elastic-wave propagation in a spatially dispersive multilayered, totally passive metamaterial system. At oblique incidence a longitudinal (acoustic) wave can convert to transverse in the solid material comprising the layers, but when the incident wave enters the multilayer from a soli...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184110] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Domain wall pinning and hard magnetic phase in Co-doped bulk single crystalline ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}{\mathrm{GeTe}}_{2}$

By Cong-Kuan Tian, Cong Wang, Wei Ji, Jin-Chen Wang, Tian-Long Xia, Le Wang, Juan-Juan Liu, Hong-Xia Zhang, and Peng Cheng from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Cong-Kuan Tian, Cong Wang, Wei Ji, Jin-Chen Wang, Tian-Long Xia, Le Wang, Juan-Juan Liu, Hong-Xia Zhang, and Peng Cheng

We report the effects of cobalt doping on the magnetic properties of two-dimensional van der Waals ferromagnet ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}{\mathrm{GeTe}}_{2}$. Single crystals of ${({\mathrm{Fe}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{Co}}_{x})}_{3}{\mathrm{GeTe}}_{2}$ with $x=0–0.78$ were successfully synthesized and characterized ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184428] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Spin eigenexcitations of an antiferromagnetic skyrmion

By Volodymyr P. Kravchuk, Olena Gomonay, Denis D. Sheka, Davi R. Rodrigues, Karin Everschor-Sitte, Jairo Sinova, Jeroen van den Brink, and Yuri Gaididei from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Volodymyr P. Kravchuk, Olena Gomonay, Denis D. Sheka, Davi R. Rodrigues, Karin Everschor-Sitte, Jairo Sinova, Jeroen van den Brink, and Yuri Gaididei

We study spin eigenexcitation of a skyrmion in a collinear uniaxial antiferromagnet by means of analytical and numerical methods. We found a discrete spectrum of modes which are localized on the skyrmion. Based on a qualitatively different dependence of the mode eigenfrequencies on the skyrmion radi...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184429] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Superconductivity in WP single crystals

By Ziyi Liu, Wei Wu, Zhenzheng Zhao, Hengcan Zhao, Jian Cui, Pengfei Shan, Jiahao Zhang, Changli Yang, Peijie Sun, Yuan Wei, Shiliang Li, Jinggeng Zhao, Yu Sui, Jinguang Cheng, Li Lu, Jianlin Luo, and Guangtong Liu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Ziyi Liu, Wei Wu, Zhenzheng Zhao, Hengcan Zhao, Jian Cui, Pengfei Shan, Jiahao Zhang, Changli Yang, Peijie Sun, Yuan Wei, Shiliang Li, Jinggeng Zhao, Yu Sui, Jinguang Cheng, Li Lu, Jianlin Luo, and Guangtong Liu

We report the discovery of superconductivity in high-quality single crystals of transition-metal pnictides WP grown by chemical vapor transport method. Bulk superconductivity is observed at ${T}_{\text{c}}∼0.8\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$ at ambient pressure by electrical resistivity, ac m...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184509] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the Hubbard model for cuprates

By A. Foley, S. Verret, A.-M. S. Tremblay, and D. Sénéchal from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): A. Foley, S. Verret, A.-M. S. Tremblay, and D. Sénéchal

Antiferromagnetism and $d$-wave superconductivity are the most important competing ground-state phases of cuprate superconductors. Using cellular dynamical mean-field theory for the Hubbard model, we revisit the question of the coexistence and competition of these phases in the one-band Hubbard mode...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184510] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Position representation of effective electron-electron interactions in solids

By T. J. Sjöstrand, F. Nilsson, C. Friedrich, and F. Aryasetiawan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): T. J. Sjöstrand, F. Nilsson, C. Friedrich, and F. Aryasetiawan

An essential ingredient in many model Hamiltonians, such as the Hubbard model, is the effective electron-electron interaction $U$, which enters as matrix elements in some localized basis. These matrix elements provide the necessary information in the model, but the localized basis is incomplete for ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195136] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Second harmonic generation on the yellow $1S$ exciton in ${\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}\mathrm{O}$ in symmetry-forbidden geometries

By Johannes Mund, Christoph Uihlein, Dietmar Fröhlich, Dmitri R. Yakovlev, and Manfred Bayer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Johannes Mund, Christoph Uihlein, Dietmar Fröhlich, Dmitri R. Yakovlev, and Manfred Bayer

We observe optical second harmonic generation (SHG) on the $1S$ exciton resonance of the yellow exciton series in ${\mathrm{Cu}}_{2}\mathrm{O}$ in four crystal directions ([001], $[\overline{1}10],\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}[11\overline{2}]$, and [111]). For light with the $k$-vector parallel [001]...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195204] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Generalized coupled-mode formalism in reciprocal waveguides with gain, loss, anisotropy, or bianisotropy

By Weijin Chen, Zhongfei Xiong, Jing Xu, and Yuntian Chen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Weijin Chen, Zhongfei Xiong, Jing Xu, and Yuntian Chen

In anisotropic or bianisotropic waveguides, the standard coupled-mode theory fails due to the broken link between the forward- and backward-propagating modes, which together form the dual mode sets that are crucial in constructing coupled mode equations. We generalize the coupled-mode theory by trea...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195307] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Interlayer charge transfer in ${\mathrm{ReS}}_{2}/{\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ van der Waals heterostructures

By Peymon Zereshki, Peng Yao, Dawei He, Yongsheng Wang, and Hui Zhao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Peymon Zereshki, Peng Yao, Dawei He, Yongsheng Wang, and Hui Zhao

We observed ultrafast charge transfer between distorted $1T\text{−}{\mathrm{ReS}}_{2}$ with anisotropic in-plane electronic and optical properties and $2H\text{−}{\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ that is in-plane isotropic. Heterostructures of monolayer ${\mathrm{ReS}}_{2}$/monolayer ${\mathrm{WS}}_{2}$ and bilaye...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 195438] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Non-Hermitian higher-order topological states in nonreciprocal and reciprocal systems with their electric-circuit realization

By Motohiko Ezawa from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Motohiko Ezawa

Nonreciprocal non-Hermitian higher-order topological skin states are realized in LC electric circuits with diodes. Here, the authors give examples with rhombus geometry of the nonreciprocal honeycomb system and rhombohedron geometry of the diamond lattice system. In the accompanying image, red balls represent zero-energy topological corner states.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 201411(R)] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Half-metallicity versus symmetry in half-Heusler alloys based on Pt, Ni, and Co: An ab initio study

By Madhusmita Baral and Aparna Chakrabarti from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Madhusmita Baral and Aparna Chakrabarti

Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we study the geometric, electronic, and magnetic properties of Pt-, Ni-, and Co-based half-Heusler alloys, namely, $\mathrm{Pt}BC, \mathrm{Ni}BC$, and $\mathrm{Co}BC$ ($B=\mathrm{Cr}$, Mn, and Fe; $C=\mathrm{Al}$ , Si, P, S, Ga,...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205136] Published Tue May 21, 2019

High Landau levels of two-dimensional electrons near the topological transition caused by interplay of spin-orbit and Zeeman energy shifts

By Rajesh K. Malla and M. E. Raikh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Rajesh K. Malla and M. E. Raikh

In the presence of spin-orbit coupling two branches of the energy spectrum of two-dimensional electrons get shifted in the momentum space. Application of an in-plane magnetic field causes the splitting of the branches in energy. When both spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman splitting are present, the bra...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 205426] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Engineering and Harnessing Giant Atoms in High-Dimensional Baths: A Proposal for Implementation with Cold Atoms

By A. González-Tudela, C. Sánchez Muñoz, and J. I. Cirac from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): A. González-Tudela, C. Sánchez Muñoz, and J. I. Cirac

Emitters coupled simultaneously to distant positions of a photonic bath, the so-called giant atoms, represent a new paradigm in quantum optics. When coupled to one-dimensional baths, as recently implemented with transmission lines or SAW waveguides, they lead to striking effects such as chiral emiss...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203603] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Polarized Light from the Transportation of a Matter-Antimatter Beam in a Plasma

By Ujjwal Sinha, Christoph H. Keitel, and Naveen Kumar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Ujjwal Sinha, Christoph H. Keitel, and Naveen Kumar

A relativistic electron-positron beam propagating through a magnetized electron-ion plasma is shown to generate both circularly and linearly polarized synchrotron radiations, which is intrinsically linked with asymmetric energy dissipation of the pair beam during the filamentation instability dynami...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 204801] Published Tue May 21, 2019

Criticality between Cortical States

By Antonio J. Fontenele, Nivaldo A. P. de Vasconcelos, Thaís Feliciano, Leandro A. A. Aguiar, Carina Soares-Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Leonardo Dalla Porta, Sidarta Ribeiro, Ana João Rodrigues, Nuno Sousa, Pedro V. Carelli, and Mauro Copelli from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 21, 2019.

Author(s): Antonio J. Fontenele, Nivaldo A. P. de Vasconcelos, Thaís Feliciano, Leandro A. A. Aguiar, Carina Soares-Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Leonardo Dalla Porta, Sidarta Ribeiro, Ana João Rodrigues, Nuno Sousa, Pedro V. Carelli, and Mauro Copelli

Researchers observe a critical point—a feature indicative of a continuous phase transition—in the brain’s electrical activity as it switches from an asleep-like to an awake-like state.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 208101] Published Tue May 21, 2019

A mechano-signalling network linking microtubules, myosin IIA filaments and integrin-based adhesions

By Alexander D. Bershadsky from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0371-y

Crosstalk between microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton of cells is important in elucidating integrin-mediated adhesion and mechanotransduction. It is now shown that microtubule-mediated control of focal adhesions and podosomes occurs via KANK family proteins.

Parenchymal and stromal tissue regeneration of tooth organ by pivotal signals reinstated in decellularized matrix

By Jeremy Mao from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0368-6

The Alx3 transcription factor, expressed in prenatal tooth development, is shown to revitalize adult progenitor cells in decellularized scaffolds, leading to enhanced parenchymal dental pulp and vascularized stroma regeneration in vivo.

Moving towards the market

From Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0394-4

2D materials face challenges along the road to commercialization, with increasing efforts being made in order to satisfy industrial needs.

Integrating graphene into semiconductor fabrication lines

By Max C. Lemme from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0359-7

Electronic and photonic devices based on graphene have unique properties, leading to outstanding performance figures of merit. Mastering the integration of this unconventional material into an established semiconductor fabrication line represents a critical step towards commercialization.

Synthesis challenges for graphene industry

By Zhongfan Liu from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0341-4

The past few years have witnessed significant development in graphene research, yet a number of challenges remain for its commercialization and industrialization. This Comment discusses relevant issues for industrial-scale graphene synthesis, one of the critical aspects for the future graphene industry.

Disorder in van der Waals heterostructures of 2D materials

By James Hone from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0366-8

Disorder in two-dimensional materials largely affects their properties and performance. This Perspective discusses disorder sources in graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, the progress in disorder control, and possible uses of disorder.

Polarity is a matter of perspective

By Justin C. W. Song from Nature Materials - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 21, 2019.

Nature Materials, Published online: 21 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41563-019-0373-9

The polarity of charge carriers — positive or negative — is found to depend on the direction from which you look.

Multifunctional acoustic metasurface based on an array of Helmholtz resonators

By Yifan Zhu and Badreddine Assouar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Yifan Zhu and Badreddine Assouar

We demonstrate multifunctional acoustic metasurfaces that can simultaneously realize the same functionality or multiple different functionalities at multiple tunable frequencies. The fundamental physical mechanism is based on designing a supercell of Helmholtz resonators with multiple resonances ope...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174109] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Phonon origin and lattice evolution in charge density wave states

By Heather M. Hill, Sugata Chowdhury, Jeffrey R. Simpson, Albert F. Rigosi, David B. Newell, Helmuth Berger, Francesca Tavazza, and Angela R. Hight Walker from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Heather M. Hill, Sugata Chowdhury, Jeffrey R. Simpson, Albert F. Rigosi, David B. Newell, Helmuth Berger, Francesca Tavazza, and Angela R. Hight Walker

Metallic transition metal dichalcogenides, such as tantalum diselenide $(\mathrm{TaS}{\mathrm{e}}_{2})$, display quantum correlated phenomena of superconductivity and charge density waves (CDWs) at low temperatures. Here, the photophysics of 2H-$\mathrm{TaS}{\mathrm{e}}_{2}$ during CDW transitions i...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174110] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Neutron studies of gauge field and charge in Ih heavy-water ice

By D. J. P. Morris, K. Siemensmeyer, J.-U. Hoffmann, B. Klemke, I. Glavatskyi, K. Seiffert, D. A. Tennant, S. V. Isakov, S. L. Sondhi, and R. Moessner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): D. J. P. Morris, K. Siemensmeyer, J.-U. Hoffmann, B. Klemke, I. Glavatskyi, K. Seiffert, D. A. Tennant, S. V. Isakov, S. L. Sondhi, and R. Moessner

The distinctive character of water ice results from the partially disordered combination of covalent and hydrogen bonds in the network of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. The nontrivial hydrogen correlations we report in diffuse neutron scattering are analytically fit via a description of this state as a ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174111] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Unconventional light scattering from glassy photonic films and metasurfaces

By Artem D. Sinelnik, Kirill B. Samusev, Mikhail V. Rybin, and Mikhail F. Limonov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Artem D. Sinelnik, Kirill B. Samusev, Mikhail V. Rybin, and Mikhail F. Limonov

The propagation of light through a random medium is an important problem in photonics. When the random fluctuations of the orientation for individual rods were introduced to the ideal woodpile photonic structure, a crossover from Laue diffraction to randomly scattered fields, which is similar in app...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174204] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Emergent statistical mechanics of entanglement in random unitary circuits

By Tianci Zhou and Adam Nahum from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Tianci Zhou and Adam Nahum

Random unitary circuits are powerful minimal models for chaotic nonequilibrium evolution. Here, the authors establish an exact mapping between dynamical observables in random circuits and a statistical mechanical model of interacting spins, and use it to study systematically the entanglement generated by a random circuit consisting of local gates. A domain wall line tension in this spin model sets the entanglement growth rate. By a careful analysis of the interaction between domain walls, the authors derive explicitly the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation that governs the evolution of second Renyi entropy and identify a phase transition of the growth-rate function.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174205] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Exact quantum dynamics of XXZ central spin problems

By Wen-Bin He, Stefano Chesi, Hai-Qing Lin, and Xi-Wen Guan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Wen-Bin He, Stefano Chesi, Hai-Qing Lin, and Xi-Wen Guan

We obtain analytically close forms of benchmark quantum dynamics of the collapse and revival (CR), the reduced density matrix, Von Neumann entropy, and fidelity for the XXZ central spin problem. These quantities characterize the quantum decoherence and entanglement of the system with any number of b...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174308] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Scheme to equilibrate the Hall response of topological systems from coherent dynamics

By Yong Xu and Ying Hu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Yong Xu and Ying Hu

Two-dimensional topologically distinct Chern insulators are separated by gap closing points, which exist as Weyl points in three-dimensional momentum space. Slowly varying parameters in the two-dimensional Hamiltonian across two distinct phases therefore necessarily experience the gap closing proces...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174309] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Molecular diamond lattice antiferromagnet as a Dirac semimetal candidate

By Yasuhiro Shimizu, Akihiro Otsuka, Mitsuhiko Maesato, Masahisa Tsuchiizu, Akiko Nakao, Hideki Yamochi, Takaaki Hiramatsu, Yukihiro Yoshida, and Gunzi Saito from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Yasuhiro Shimizu, Akihiro Otsuka, Mitsuhiko Maesato, Masahisa Tsuchiizu, Akiko Nakao, Hideki Yamochi, Takaaki Hiramatsu, Yukihiro Yoshida, and Gunzi Saito

The ground state of a molecular diamond lattice compound $(\mathrm{ET}){\mathrm{Ag}}_{4}{(\mathrm{CN})}_{5}$ is investigated by magnetization and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We found that the material exhibits a Mott-insulating ground state with antiferromagnetic long-range ordering at ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174417] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Fermionization of bosons in a flat band

By Saurabh Maiti and Tigran Sedrakyan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Saurabh Maiti and Tigran Sedrakyan

Strongly interacting bosons that live in a lattice with degeneracy in its lowest-energy band experience frustration that can prevent the formation of a Bose-Einstein condensate. Such systems form an ideal playground to investigate spin-liquid behavior. We use the variational principle and the Chern-...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 174418] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Ultrafast quantum-path interferometry revealing the generation process of coherent phonons

By Kazutaka G. Nakamura, Kensuke Yokota, Yuki Okuda, Rintaro Kase, Takashi Kitashima, Yu Mishima, Yutaka Shikano, and Yosuke Kayanuma from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Kazutaka G. Nakamura, Kensuke Yokota, Yuki Okuda, Rintaro Kase, Takashi Kitashima, Yu Mishima, Yutaka Shikano, and Yosuke Kayanuma

Ultrafast quantum-path interferometry by using a pair of relative-phase-locked femtosecond pulses is proposed to evaluate the contribution of each quantum path in an optical transition. The observed characteristic interference fringes (collapse and revival) reveal that the impulsive stimulated Raman scattering is dominant in the coherent-phonon generation in n-type GaAs even in an opaque condition. It is demonstrated that the optical dual-pulse pumping actively creates quantum mechanical superposition of the electronic and phononic states in a bulk solid.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 180301(R)] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Pressure-induced first-order magnetic phase transition and Yb ordered moment in ${\mathrm{YbCu}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}$

By F. Wilhelm, J.-P. Sanchez, D. Braithwaite, S. M. Ramos, E. N. Hering, G. Lapertot, and A. Rogalev from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): F. Wilhelm, J.-P. Sanchez, D. Braithwaite, S. M. Ramos, E. N. Hering, G. Lapertot, and A. Rogalev

We report on high-pressure x-ray absorption near edge structure and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements at the Yb ${L}_{3}$ edge on ${\mathrm{YbCu}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}$. This intermetallic is a well-known intermediate valence compound which shows a pressure-induced paramagnetic-f...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 180409(R)] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Changes in spin and lattice dynamics induced by magnetic and structural phase transitions in multiferroic ${\mathrm{SrMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$

By Stanislav Kamba, Veronica Goian, Filip Kadlec, Dmitry Nuzhnyy, Christelle Kadlec, Jakub Vít, Fedir Borodavka, Iana S. Glazkova, and Alexei A. Belik from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Stanislav Kamba, Veronica Goian, Filip Kadlec, Dmitry Nuzhnyy, Christelle Kadlec, Jakub Vít, Fedir Borodavka, Iana S. Glazkova, and Alexei A. Belik

${\mathrm{SrMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$ is a recently synthesized homolog of multiferroic ${\mathrm{CaMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$. Upon cooling, ${\mathrm{SrMn}}_{7}{\mathrm{O}}_{12}$ undergoes a series of structural and magnetic phase transitions from cubic to rhombohedral symmetry, and to an incomme...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184108] Published Mon May 20, 2019

High-harmonic generation in quantum spin systems

By Shintaro Takayoshi, Yuta Murakami, and Philipp Werner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Shintaro Takayoshi, Yuta Murakami, and Philipp Werner

High-harmonic generation (HHG), a nonlinear response to strong laser driving, has been studied extensively for electron systems excited by the laser electric field. Here, the authors extend this concept to quantum spin systems driven by the laser magnetic field and propose a novel probe for the magnetic structure. The radiation emitted by time-dependent magnetic dipoles exhibits HHG spectra with plateau structures, whose cutoff energies correspond to the energy scale of the magnetic excitations. This maps out an exciting route for the implementation of HHG in solids. In addition, the similarities and the differences between HHG in electron and spin systems are also discussed.


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184303] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Evaluation of spin diffusion length and spin Hall angle of the antiferromagnetic Weyl semimetal ${\mathrm{Mn}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$

By P. K. Muduli, T. Higo, T. Nishikawa, D. Qu, H. Isshiki, K. Kondou, D. Nishio-Hamane, S. Nakatsuji, and YoshiChika Otani from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): P. K. Muduli, T. Higo, T. Nishikawa, D. Qu, H. Isshiki, K. Kondou, D. Nishio-Hamane, S. Nakatsuji, and YoshiChika Otani

The antiferromagnetic Weyl semimetal ${\mathrm{Mn}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$ has been shown to generate strong intrinsic anomalous Hall effect (AHE) at room temperature, due to large momentum-space Berry curvature from the time-reversal symmetry-breaking electronic bands of the Kagome planes. This prompts us...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184425] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Magnetic structures of ${R}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$ intermetallic compounds: Evolution to ${\mathrm{Er}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$ and ${\mathrm{Tm}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$

By R. A. Susilo, X. Rocquefelte, J. M. Cadogan, E. Bruyer, W. Lafargue-Dit-Hauret, W. D. Hutchison, M. Avdeev, D. H. Ryan, T. Namiki, and S. J. Campbell from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): R. A. Susilo, X. Rocquefelte, J. M. Cadogan, E. Bruyer, W. Lafargue-Dit-Hauret, W. D. Hutchison, M. Avdeev, D. H. Ryan, T. Namiki, and S. J. Campbell

The magnetic structures of ${\mathrm{Er}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$ and ${\mathrm{Tm}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$ (monoclinic ${\mathrm{Dy}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{Si}}_{2}\mathrm{C}$-type structure, $C2/m$ space group) have been studied by neutron ...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184426] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Skyrmion quantum spin Hall effect

By Tianqi Chen and Tim Byrnes from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Tianqi Chen and Tim Byrnes

The quantum spin Hall effect is conventionally thought to require a strong spin-orbit coupling, producing an effective spin-dependent magnetic field. However, spin currents can also be present without transport of spins, for example, in spin-waves or skyrmions. In this paper, we show that topologica...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184427] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Single-orbital realization of high-temperature ${s}^{±}$ superconductivity in the square-octagon lattice

By Yao-Tai Kang, Chen Lu, Fan Yang, and Dao-Xin Yao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Yao-Tai Kang, Chen Lu, Fan Yang, and Dao-Xin Yao

We propose possible high-temperature superconductivity (SC) with singlet ${s}^{±}$-wave pairing symmetry in the single-orbital Hubbard model on the square-octagon lattice with only nearest-neighbor hopping terms. Three different approaches are engaged to treat with the interacting model for differen...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184506] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Switch effect and 0-$π$ transition in Ising superconductor Josephson junctions

By Qiang Cheng and Qing-Feng Sun from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Qiang Cheng and Qing-Feng Sun

We theoretically study the Josephson current in Ising superconductor–half-metal–Ising superconductor junctions. By solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations, the Josephson currents contributed by the discrete Andreev levels and the continuous spectrum are obtained. For very short junctions, because...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184507] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Increased performance of Matsubara space calculations: A case study within Eliashberg theory

By Fabian Schrodi, Alex Aperis, and Peter M. Oppeneer from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. B. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Fabian Schrodi, Alex Aperis, and Peter M. Oppeneer

We present a method to considerably improve the numerical performance for solving Eliashberg-type coupled equations on the imaginary axis. Instead of the standard practice of introducing a hard numerical cutoff for treating the infinite summations involved, our scheme allows for the efficient calcul...


[Phys. Rev. B 99, 184508] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Essay: Quantum Hall Effect and the New International System of Units

By Klaus von Klitzing from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Klaus von Klitzing

On 20 May 2019 the International System of Units will switch over to a new, globally accepted set of definitions based on constants of nature. The quantum Hall effect, discovered 39 years ago, plays an essential role in this development and will now contribute to a new definition of the kilogram. Ir...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 200001] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Gravitational Waves Induced by Non-Gaussian Scalar Perturbations

By Rong-Gen Cai (蔡荣根), Shi Pi (皮石), and Misao Sasaki (佐々木節) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Rong-Gen Cai (蔡荣根), Shi Pi (皮石), and Misao Sasaki (佐々木節)

We study gravitational waves (GWs) induced by non-Gaussian curvature perturbations. We calculate the density parameter per logarithmic frequency interval, ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{\mathrm{GW}}(k)$, given that the power spectrum of the curvature perturbation ${\mathcal{P}}_{\mathcal{R}}(k)$ has a narrow peak a...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201101] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Decay of Cosmic String Loops due to Particle Radiation

By Daiju Matsunami, Levon Pogosian, Ayush Saurabh, and Tanmay Vachaspati from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Daiju Matsunami, Levon Pogosian, Ayush Saurabh, and Tanmay Vachaspati

Constraints on the tension and the abundance of cosmic strings depend crucially on the rate at which they decay into particles and gravitational radiation. We study the decay of cosmic string loops in the Abelian-Higgs model by performing field theory simulations of loop formation and evolution. We ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 201301] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Defect-Free Assembly of 2D Clusters of More Than 100 Single-Atom Quantum Systems

By Daniel Ohl de Mello, Dominik Schäffner, Jan Werkmann, Tilman Preuschoff, Lars Kohfahl, Malte Schlosser, and Gerhard Birkl from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Daniel Ohl de Mello, Dominik Schäffner, Jan Werkmann, Tilman Preuschoff, Lars Kohfahl, Malte Schlosser, and Gerhard Birkl

Researchers trap 111 neutral atoms in a predefined, defect-free motif using a new method that could, in the foreseeable future, control one million such atoms.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203601] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Langevin Approach to Quantum Optics with Molecules

By Michael Reitz, Christian Sommer, and Claudiu Genes from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Michael Reitz, Christian Sommer, and Claudiu Genes

We investigate the interaction between light and molecular systems modeled as quantum emitters coupled to a multitude of vibrational modes via a Holstein-type interaction. We follow a quantum Langevin equations approach that allows for analytical derivations of absorption and fluorescence profiles o...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203602] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Nonlocal Pair Correlations in a Higher-Order Bose Gas Soliton

By King Lun Ng, Bogdan Opanchuk, Margaret D. Reid, and Peter D. Drummond from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): King Lun Ng, Bogdan Opanchuk, Margaret D. Reid, and Peter D. Drummond

The truncated Wigner and $\mathrm{positive}\text{−}P$ phase-space representations are used to study the dynamics of a one-dimensional Bose gas. This allows calculations of the breathing quantum dynamics of higher-order solitons with $1{0}^{3}−{10}^{5}$ particles, as in realistic Bose-Einstein conden...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 203604] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Variational Approach for Impurity Dynamics at Finite Temperature

By Weizhe Edward Liu, Jesper Levinsen, and Meera M. Parish from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Weizhe Edward Liu, Jesper Levinsen, and Meera M. Parish

We present a general variational principle for the dynamics of impurity particles immersed in a quantum-mechanical medium. By working within the Heisenberg picture and constructing approximate time-dependent impurity operators, we can take the medium to be in any mixed state, such as a thermal state...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 205301] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Topological Axion States in the Magnetic Insulator ${\mathrm{MnBi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Te}}_{4}$ with the Quantized Magnetoelectric Effect

By Dongqin Zhang, Minji Shi, Tongshuai Zhu, Dingyu Xing, Haijun Zhang, and Jing Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): Dongqin Zhang, Minji Shi, Tongshuai Zhu, Dingyu Xing, Haijun Zhang, and Jing Wang

Topological states of quantum matter have attracted great attention in condensed matter physics and materials science. The study of time-reversal-invariant topological states in quantum materials has made tremendous progress. However, the study of magnetic topological states falls much behind due to...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 206401] Published Mon May 20, 2019

Thermal Transport in One-Dimensional Electronic Fluids

By R. Samanta, I. V. Protopopov, A. D. Mirlin, and D. B. Gutman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 20, 2019.

Author(s): R. Samanta, I. V. Protopopov, A. D. Mirlin, and D. B. Gutman

We study thermal conductivity for one-dimensional electronic fluids. The many-body Hilbert space is partitioned into bosonic and fermionic sectors that carry the thermal current in parallel. For times shorter than the bosonic umklapp time, the momenta of Bose and Fermi components are separately cons...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 206801] Published Mon May 20, 2019

A polymeric coat for nanodroplets

By Anna Carlmark from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 20, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 20 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0469-z

Grafting nanodroplets by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization can be carried out at liquid–liquid interfaces.

Soil mobility of synthetic and virus-based model nanopesticides

By Nicole F. Steinmetz from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 20, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 20 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0453-7

Virus nanoparticles can penetrate soil to a depth of 30 cm, thus showing potential to effectively deliver nanopesticides.

Solution processable liquid metal nanodroplets by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization

By Krzysztof Matyjaszewski from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 20, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 20 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0454-6

Eutectic Ga-In droplets can be functionalized with various polymers and co-polymers using atom transfer radical polymerization. The droplets are ready for direct solution processing to form liquid-metal nanocomposites for potential applications in soft robotics.

Quantifying Operations with an Application to Coherence

By Thomas Theurer, Dario Egloff, Lijian Zhang, and Martin B. Plenio from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Thomas Theurer, Dario Egloff, Lijian Zhang, and Martin B. Plenio

To describe certain facets of nonclassicality, it is necessary to quantify properties of operations instead of states. This is the case if one wants to quantify how well an operation detects nonclassicality, which is a necessary prerequisite for its use in quantum technologies. To do so rigorously, ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190405] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Initialization and Readout of Nuclear Spins via a Negatively Charged Silicon-Vacancy Center in Diamond

By Mathias H. Metsch, Katharina Senkalla, Benedikt Tratzmiller, Jochen Scheuer, Michael Kern, Jocelyn Achard, Alexandre Tallaire, Martin B. Plenio, Petr Siyushev, and Fedor Jelezko from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Mathias H. Metsch, Katharina Senkalla, Benedikt Tratzmiller, Jochen Scheuer, Michael Kern, Jocelyn Achard, Alexandre Tallaire, Martin B. Plenio, Petr Siyushev, and Fedor Jelezko

In this Letter, we demonstrate initialization and readout of nuclear spins via a negatively charged silicon-vacancy (SiV) electron spin qubit. Under Hartmann-Hahn conditions the electron spin polarization is coherently transferred to the nuclear spin. The readout of the nuclear polarization is obser...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190503] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Constraints on Symmetries from Holography

By Daniel Harlow and Hirosi Ooguri from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Daniel Harlow and Hirosi Ooguri

Insights from the AdS/CFT correspondence provide a glimpse of what global kinematical properties of viable quantum theories of gravity might be.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191601] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Inflating to the Weak Scale

By Michael Geller, Yonit Hochberg, and Eric Kuflik from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Michael Geller, Yonit Hochberg, and Eric Kuflik

We present a new solution to the hierarchy problem, where the Higgs boson mass is at its observed electroweak value because such a patch inflates the most in the early Universe. If the Higgs boson mass depends on a field undergoing quantum fluctuations during inflation, then inflation will fill the ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191802] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Search for $CP$ Violation in ${D}_{s}^{+}→{K}_{S}^{0}{π}^{+}$, ${D}^{+}→{K}_{S}^{0}{K}^{+}$, and ${D}^{+}→ϕ{π}^{+}$ Decays

By R. Aaij <em>et al.</em> (LHCb Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): R. Aaij et al. (LHCb Collaboration)

A search for charge-parity ($CP$) violation in Cabibbo-suppressed ${D}_{s}^{+}→{K}_{\mathrm{S}}^{0}{π}^{+}$, ${D}^{+}→{K}_{\mathrm{S}}^{0}{K}^{+}$, and ${D}^{+}→ϕ{π}^{+}$ decays is reported using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3.8\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191803] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Observation of ${B}_{\mathbf{(}s\mathbf{)}}^{0}→J/ψp\overline{p}$ Decays and Precision Measurements of the ${B}_{\mathbf{(}s\mathbf{)}}^{0}$ Masses

By R. Aaij <em>et al.</em> (LHCb Collaboration) from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): R. Aaij et al. (LHCb Collaboration)

The first observation of the decays ${B}_{(s)}^{0}→J/ψp\overline{p}$ is reported, using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $5.2\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{fb}}^{−1}$, collected with the LHCb detector. These decays are suppressed due to limited available phase spac...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191804] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Rotational Echoes as a Tool for Investigating Ultrafast Collisional Dynamics of Molecules

By H. Zhang, B. Lavorel, F. Billard, J.-M. Hartmann, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, Junyang Ma, Jian Wu, Erez Gershnabel, Yehiam Prior, and Ilya Sh. Averbukh from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): H. Zhang, B. Lavorel, F. Billard, J.-M. Hartmann, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, Junyang Ma, Jian Wu, Erez Gershnabel, Yehiam Prior, and Ilya Sh. Averbukh

We show that recently discovered rotational echoes of molecules provide an efficient tool for studying collisional molecular dynamics in high-pressure gases. Our study demonstrates that rotational echoes enable the observation of extremely fast collisional dissipation, at timescales of the order of ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193401] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Observation of Coherent Multiorbital Polarons in a Two-Dimensional Fermi Gas

By N. Darkwah Oppong, L. Riegger, O. Bettermann, M. Höfer, J. Levinsen, M. M. Parish, I. Bloch, and S. Fölling from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): N. Darkwah Oppong, L. Riegger, O. Bettermann, M. Höfer, J. Levinsen, M. M. Parish, I. Bloch, and S. Fölling

We report on the experimental observation of multiorbital polarons in a two-dimensional Fermi gas of $^{173}\mathrm{Yb}$ atoms formed by mobile impurities in the metastable $^{3}{P}_{0}$ orbital and a Fermi sea in the ground-state $^{1}{S}_{0}$ orbital. We spectroscopically probe the energies of att...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193604] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Dissipation-Induced Instabilities of a Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensate Inside an Optical Cavity

By E. I. Rodríguez Chiacchio and A. Nunnenkamp from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): E. I. Rodríguez Chiacchio and A. Nunnenkamp

We investigate the dynamics of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate inside an optical cavity, driven transversely by a laser with a controllable polarization angle. We focus on a two-component Dicke model with complex light-matter couplings, in the presence of photon losses. We calculate the steady-sta...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193605] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Compressed Ultrafast Spectral-Temporal Photography

By Yu Lu, Terence T. W. Wong, Feng Chen, and Lidai Wang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Yu Lu, Terence T. W. Wong, Feng Chen, and Lidai Wang

A new technique produces long-lasting movies of nonluminous objects with just a few hundred femtoseconds between frames.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193904] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Transverse Scattering and Generalized Kerker Effects in All-Dielectric Mie-Resonant Metaoptics

By Hadi K. Shamkhi, Kseniia V. Baryshnikova, Andrey Sayanskiy, Polina Kapitanova, Pavel D. Terekhov, Pavel Belov, Alina Karabchevsky, Andrey B. Evlyukhin, Yuri Kivshar, and Alexander S. Shalin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Hadi K. Shamkhi, Kseniia V. Baryshnikova, Andrey Sayanskiy, Polina Kapitanova, Pavel D. Terekhov, Pavel Belov, Alina Karabchevsky, Andrey B. Evlyukhin, Yuri Kivshar, and Alexander S. Shalin

All-dielectric resonant nanophotonics lies at the heart of modern optics and nanotechnology due to the unique possibilities to control scattering of light from high-index dielectric nanoparticles and metasurfaces. One of the important concepts of dielectric Mie-resonant nanophotonics is associated w...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193905] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Asymptotic Dynamics of High Dynamic Range Stratified Turbulence

By G. D. Portwood, S. M. de Bruyn Kops, and C. P. Caulfield from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): G. D. Portwood, S. M. de Bruyn Kops, and C. P. Caulfield

Direct numerical simulations of homogeneous sheared and stably stratified turbulence are considered to probe the asymptotic high dynamic range regime suggested by Gargett et al. J. Fluid Mech. 144, 231 (1984) and Shih et al. J. Fluid Mech. 525, 193 (1999). We consider statistically stationary config...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 194504] Published Fri May 17, 2019

In Situ Control of Diamagnetism by Electric Current in ${\mathrm{Ca}}_{3}({\mathrm{Ru}}_{1−x}{\mathrm{Ti}}_{x}{)}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{7}$

By Chanchal Sow, Ryo Numasaki, Giordano Mattoni, Shingo Yonezawa, Naoki Kikugawa, Shinya Uji, and Yoshiteru Maeno from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Chanchal Sow, Ryo Numasaki, Giordano Mattoni, Shingo Yonezawa, Naoki Kikugawa, Shinya Uji, and Yoshiteru Maeno

Nonequilibrium steady state conditions induced by a dc current can alter the physical properties of strongly correlated electron systems. In this regard, it was recently shown that dc current can trigger novel electronic states, such as current-induced diamagnetism, which cannot be realized in equil...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 196602] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Weak Localization and Antilocalization in Nodal-Line Semimetals: Dimensionality and Topological Effects

By Wei Chen, Hai-Zhou Lu, and Oded Zilberberg from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Wei Chen, Hai-Zhou Lu, and Oded Zilberberg

New materials such as nodal-line semimetals offer a unique setting for novel transport phenomena. Here, we calculate the quantum correction to conductivity in a disordered nodal-line semimetal. The torus-shaped Fermi surface and encircled $π$ Berry flux carried by the nodal loop result in a fascinat...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 196603] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Classical and Quantum Liquids Induced by Quantum Fluctuations

By Miguel M. Oliveira, Pedro Ribeiro, and Stefan Kirchner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Miguel M. Oliveira, Pedro Ribeiro, and Stefan Kirchner

Geometrically frustrated interactions may render classical ground states macroscopically degenerate. The connection between classical and quantum liquids and how the degeneracy is affected by quantum fluctuations is, however, not completely understood. We study a simple model of coupled quantum and ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 197601] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Erratum: Simple Pendulum Determination of the Gravitational Constant [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 110801 (2010)]

By Harold V. Parks and James E. Faller from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 17, 2019.

Author(s): Harold V. Parks and James E. Faller
[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 199901] Published Fri May 17, 2019

Publisher Correction: The poetry of materials

By S. J. Fowler from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 17, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 17 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0474-2

Publisher Correction: The poetry of materials

Prospect of Studying Nonperturbative QED with Beam-Beam Collisions

By V. Yakimenko, S. Meuren, F. Del Gaudio, C. Baumann, A. Fedotov, F. Fiuza, T. Grismayer, M. J. Hogan, A. Pukhov, L. O. Silva, and G. White from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): V. Yakimenko, S. Meuren, F. Del Gaudio, C. Baumann, A. Fedotov, F. Fiuza, T. Grismayer, M. J. Hogan, A. Pukhov, L. O. Silva, and G. White

We demonstrate the experimental feasibility of probing the fully nonperturbative regime of quantum electrodynamics with a 100 GeV-class particle collider. By using tightly compressed and focused electron beams, beamstrahlung radiation losses can be mitigated, allowing the particles to experience ext...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190404] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Complexity of Causal Order Structure in Distributed Quantum Information Processing: More Rounds of Classical Communication Reduce Entanglement Cost

By Eyuri Wakakuwa, Akihito Soeda, and Mio Murao from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Eyuri Wakakuwa, Akihito Soeda, and Mio Murao

We prove a trade-off relation between the entanglement cost and classical communication round complexity of a protocol in implementing a class of two-qubit unitary gates by two distant parties, a key subroutine in distributed quantum information processing. The task is analyzed in an information the...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190502] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Laser Spectroscopy of Neutron-Rich Tin Isotopes: A Discontinuity in Charge Radii across the $N=82$ Shell Closure

By C. Gorges <em>et al.</em> from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): C. Gorges et al.

The observation that tin nuclei suddenly increase in size when the number of neutrons they contain reaches a “magic” number helps test models of nucleon interactions.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 192502] Published Thu May 16, 2019

New Isotope $^{220}\mathrm{Np}$: Probing the Robustness of the $N=126$ Shell Closure in Neptunium

By Z. Y. Zhang (张志远), Z. G. Gan (甘再国), H. B. Yang (杨华彬), L. Ma (马龙), M. H. Huang (黄明辉), C. L. Yang (杨春莉), M. M. Zhang (张明明), Y. L. Tian (田玉林), Y. S. Wang (王永生), M. D. Sun (孙明道), H. Y. Lu (卢洪洋), W. Q. Zhang (张文强), H. B. Zhou (周厚兵), X. Wang (王翔), C. G. Wu (武晨光), L. M. Duan (段利敏), W. X. Huang (黄文学), Z. Liu (刘忠), Z. Z. Ren (任中洲), S. G. Zhou (周善贵), X. H. Zhou (周小红), H. S. Xu (徐瑚珊), Yu. S. Tsyganov, A. A. Voinov, and A. N. Polyakov from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Z. Y. Zhang (张志远), Z. G. Gan (甘再国), H. B. Yang (杨华彬), L. Ma (马龙), M. H. Huang (黄明辉), C. L. Yang (杨春莉), M. M. Zhang (张明明), Y. L. Tian (田玉林), Y. S. Wang (王永生), M. D. Sun (孙明道), H. Y. Lu (卢洪洋), W. Q. Zhang (张文强), H. B. Zhou (周厚兵), X. Wang (王翔), C. G. Wu (武晨光), L. M. Duan (段利敏), W. X. Huang (黄文学), Z. Liu (刘忠), Z. Z. Ren (任中洲), S. G. Zhou (周善贵), X. H. Zhou (周小红), H. S. Xu (徐瑚珊), Yu. S. Tsyganov, A. A. Voinov, and A. N. Polyakov

A newly discovered isotope of neptunium tests the stability of the N=126 shell closure.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 192503] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Variational Theory of Nonrelativistic Quantum Electrodynamics

By Nicholas Rivera, Johannes Flick, and Prineha Narang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Nicholas Rivera, Johannes Flick, and Prineha Narang

The ability to achieve ultrastrong coupling between light and matter promises to bring about new means to control material properties, new concepts for manipulating light at the atomic scale, and new insights into quantum electrodynamics (QED). Thus, there is a need to develop quantitative theories ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193603] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Direct Observation of Topology from Single-Photon Dynamics

By Yao Wang, Yong-Heng Lu, Feng Mei, Jun Gao, Zhan-Ming Li, Hao Tang, Shi-Liang Zhu, Suotang Jia, and Xian-Min Jin from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Yao Wang, Yong-Heng Lu, Feng Mei, Jun Gao, Zhan-Ming Li, Hao Tang, Shi-Liang Zhu, Suotang Jia, and Xian-Min Jin

Topology manifesting in many branches of physics deepens our understanding on state of matters. Topological photonics has recently become a rapidly growing field since artificial photonic structures can be well designed and constructed to support topological states, especially a promising large-scal...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193903] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Linear Response Theory for One-Point Statistics in the Inertial Sublayer of Wall-Bounded Turbulence

By Yukio Kaneda, Yoshinobu Yamamoto, and Yoshiyuki Tsuji from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Yukio Kaneda, Yoshinobu Yamamoto, and Yoshiyuki Tsuji

The idea of linear response theory well known in the statistical mechanics for thermal equilibrium systems is applied to one-point statistics in the inertial sublayer of wall-bounded turbulence (WBT). A close analogy between the energy transfer from large to small scales in isotropic turbulence and ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 194502] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Active Particles Powered by Quincke Rotation in a Bulk Fluid

By Debasish Das and Eric Lauga from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Debasish Das and Eric Lauga

Dielectric particles suspended in a weakly conducting fluid are known to spontaneously start rotating under the action of a sufficiently strong uniform dc electric field due to the Quincke rotation instability. This rotation can be converted into translation when the particles are placed near a surf...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 194503] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Spin and Charge Transport of Multiorbital Quantum Spin Hall Insulators

By Luis M. Canonico, Tatiana G. Rappoport, and R. B. Muniz from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Luis M. Canonico, Tatiana G. Rappoport, and R. B. Muniz

The fabrication of bismuthene on top of SiC paved the way for substrate engineering of room temperature quantum spin Hall insulators made of group $V$ atoms. We perform large-scale quantum transport calculations in these two-dimensional (2D) materials to analyze the rich phenomenology that arises fr...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 196601] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Fundamental Limits on Measuring the Rotational Constraint of Single Molecules Using Fluorescence Microscopy

By Oumeng Zhang and Matthew D. Lew from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 16, 2019.

Author(s): Oumeng Zhang and Matthew D. Lew

Optical fluorescence imaging is capable of measuring both the translational and rotational dynamics of single molecules. However, unavoidable measurement noise will result in inaccurate estimates of rotational dynamics, causing a molecule to appear to be more rotationally constrained than it actuall...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 198301] Published Thu May 16, 2019

Confidence Polytopes in Quantum State Tomography

By Jinzhao Wang, Volkher B. Scholz, and Renato Renner from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Jinzhao Wang, Volkher B. Scholz, and Renato Renner

Quantum state tomography is the task of inferring the state of a quantum system from measurement data. A reliable tomography scheme should not only report an estimate for that state, but also well-justified error bars. These may be specified in terms of confidence regions, i.e., subsets of the state...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190401] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Quantum State Smoothing for Linear Gaussian Systems

By Kiarn T. Laverick, Areeya Chantasri, and Howard M. Wiseman from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Kiarn T. Laverick, Areeya Chantasri, and Howard M. Wiseman

Quantum state smoothing is a technique for assigning a valid quantum state to a partially observed dynamical system, using measurement records both prior and posterior to an estimation time. We show that the technique is greatly simplified for linear Gaussian quantum systems, which have wide physica...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190402] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Multielectron Ground State Electroluminescence

By Mauro Cirio, Nathan Shammah, Neill Lambert, Simone De Liberato, and Franco Nori from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Mauro Cirio, Nathan Shammah, Neill Lambert, Simone De Liberato, and Franco Nori

The ground state of a cavity-electron system in the ultrastrong coupling regime is characterized by the presence of virtual photons. If an electric current flows through this system, the modulation of the light-matter coupling induced by this nonequilibrium effect can induce an extracavity photon em...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190403] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Single-Shot Holographic Compression from the Area Law

By H. Wilming and J. Eisert from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): H. Wilming and J. Eisert

The area law conjecture states that the entanglement entropy of a region of space in the ground state of a gapped, local Hamiltonian only grows like the surface area of the region. We show that, for any state that fulfills an area law, the reduced quantum state of a region of space can be unitarily ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 190501] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Analytical Black-Hole Binary Merger Waveforms

By Sean T. McWilliams from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Sean T. McWilliams

An analytical model may provide a faster and more accurate way to analyze the gravitational-wave signals from black hole mergers.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191102] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Wobbly Dark Matter Signals at Cherenkov Telescopes from Long-Lived Mediator Decays

By Stefania Gori, Stefano Profumo, and Bibhushan Shakya from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Stefania Gori, Stefano Profumo, and Bibhushan Shakya

Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov telescope (IACT) searches for dark matter often perform observations in “wobble mode,” i.e., simultaneously collecting data from the signal region and from a corresponding background control region. This observation strategy is possibly compromised in scenarios where da...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191103] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Search for Axionlike Dark Matter with a Liquid-State Nuclear Spin Comagnetometer

By Teng Wu, John W. Blanchard, Gary P. Centers, Nataniel L. Figueroa, Antoine Garcon, Peter W. Graham, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Surjeet Rajendran, Yevgeny V. Stadnik, Alexander O. Sushkov, Arne Wickenbrock, and Dmitry Budker from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Teng Wu, John W. Blanchard, Gary P. Centers, Nataniel L. Figueroa, Antoine Garcon, Peter W. Graham, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Surjeet Rajendran, Yevgeny V. Stadnik, Alexander O. Sushkov, Arne Wickenbrock, and Dmitry Budker

We report the results of a search for axionlike dark matter using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. This search is part of the multifaceted Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment program. In order to distinguish axionlike dark matter from magnetic fields, we employ a comagnetometry schem...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191302] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Lepton-Jet Correlations in Deep Inelastic Scattering at the Electron-Ion Collider

By Xiaohui Liu, Felix Ringer, Werner Vogelsang, and Feng Yuan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Xiaohui Liu, Felix Ringer, Werner Vogelsang, and Feng Yuan

We propose the lepton-jet correlation in deep inelastic scattering as a unique tool for the tomography of nucleons and nuclei at the electron-ion collider (EIC). The azimuthal angular correlation between the final state lepton and jet depends on the transverse momentum dependent quark distributions....


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 192003] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Non-Hermitian Sonic Second-Order Topological Insulator

By Zhiwang Zhang, María Rosendo López, Ying Cheng, Xiaojun Liu, and Johan Christensen from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Zhiwang Zhang, María Rosendo López, Ying Cheng, Xiaojun Liu, and Johan Christensen

Topological phases of matter that have been recently extended to topological phases of sound can confine acoustic energy at the corners of higher-order topological insulators. We broaden this concept by incorporating parity-time symmetry and show new topologically protected confinement rules that ar...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 195501] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Sawtooth Torque in Anisotropic ${j}_{\mathrm{eff}}=1/2$ Magnets: Application to $α\text{−}{\mathrm{RuCl}}_{3}$

By Kira Riedl, Ying Li, Stephen M. Winter, and Roser Valentí from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Kira Riedl, Ying Li, Stephen M. Winter, and Roser Valentí

The so-called “Kitaev candidate” materials based on $4{d}^{5}$ and $5{d}^{5}$ metals have recently emerged as magnetic systems displaying strongly anisotropic exchange interactions reminiscent of the Kitaev’s honeycomb model. Recently, these materials have been shown to commonly display a distinct s...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 197202] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Incommensurate Magnetism Near Quantum Criticality in CeNiAsO

By Shan Wu, W. A. Phelan, L. Liu, J. R. Morey, J. A. Tutmaher, J. C. Neuefeind, Ashfia Huq, Matthew B. Stone, M. Feygenson, David W. Tam, Benjamin A. Frandsen, Benjamin Trump, Cheng Wan, S. R. Dunsiger, T. M. McQueen, Y. J. Uemura, and C. L. Broholm from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Shan Wu, W. A. Phelan, L. Liu, J. R. Morey, J. A. Tutmaher, J. C. Neuefeind, Ashfia Huq, Matthew B. Stone, M. Feygenson, David W. Tam, Benjamin A. Frandsen, Benjamin Trump, Cheng Wan, S. R. Dunsiger, T. M. McQueen, Y. J. Uemura, and C. L. Broholm

We report the discovery of incommensurate magnetism near quantum criticality in CeNiAsO through neutron scattering and zero field muon spin rotation. For $T<{T}_{N1}=8.7(3)\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{K}$, a second order phase transition yields an incommensurate spin density with a wave vector $\mathb...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 197203] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Tracking Ultrafast Photocurrents in the Weyl Semimetal TaAs Using THz Emission Spectroscopy

By N. Sirica, R. I. Tobey, L. X. Zhao, G. F. Chen, B. Xu, R. Yang, B. Shen, D. A. Yarotski, P. Bowlan, S. A. Trugman, J.-X. Zhu, Y. M. Dai, A. K. Azad, N. Ni, X. G. Qiu, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): N. Sirica, R. I. Tobey, L. X. Zhao, G. F. Chen, B. Xu, R. Yang, B. Shen, D. A. Yarotski, P. Bowlan, S. A. Trugman, J.-X. Zhu, Y. M. Dai, A. K. Azad, N. Ni, X. G. Qiu, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar

We investigate polarization-dependent ultrafast photocurrents in the Weyl semimetal TaAs using terahertz (THz) emission spectroscopy. Our results reveal that highly directional, transient photocurrents are generated along the noncentrosymmetric $c$ axis regardless of incident light polarization, whi...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 197401] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Rectification of Spin Current in Inversion-Asymmetric Magnets with Linearly Polarized Electromagnetic Waves

By Hiroaki Ishizuka and Masahiro Sato from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Hiroaki Ishizuka and Masahiro Sato

We theoretically propose a method of rectifying spin current with a linearly polarized electromagnetic wave in inversion-asymmetric magnetic insulators. To demonstrate the proposal, we consider quantum spin chains as a simple example; these models are mapped to fermion (spinon) models via Jordan-Wig...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 197702] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Anomalous Diffusion of Motile Colloids Dispersed in Liquid Crystals

By Josep M. Pagès, Jordi Ignés-Mullol, and Francesc Sagués from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Josep M. Pagès, Jordi Ignés-Mullol, and Francesc Sagués

We study the superdiffusion of driven colloidal particles dispersed in a nematic liquid crystal. While motion is ballistic in the driving direction, our experiments show that transversal fluctuations become superdiffusive depending on the topological defect pattern around the inclusions. The phenome...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 198001] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Plastic Crystal-to-Crystal Transition of Janus Particles under Shear

By Zihan Huang, Guolong Zhu, Pengyu Chen, Cuiling Hou, and Li-Tang Yan from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Zihan Huang, Guolong Zhu, Pengyu Chen, Cuiling Hou, and Li-Tang Yan

Colloidal Janus spheres in the bulk typically spontaneously assemble into plastic crystalline phases, while particle orientations exhibit glasslike dynamics without long-range order. Through Brownian dynamics simulations, we demonstrate that shear can trigger a phase transition from an isotropic cry...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 198002] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Physics of Spontaneous Calcium Oscillations in Cardiac Cells and Their Entrainment

By Ohad Cohen and Samuel A. Safran from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 15, 2019.

Author(s): Ohad Cohen and Samuel A. Safran

Mechanical contraction in muscle cells requires Ca to allow myosin binding to actin. Beating cardiomyocytes contain internal Ca stores whose cytoplasmic concentration oscillates. Our theory explains observed single channel dynamics as well as cellular oscillations in spontaneously beating cardiomyoc...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 198101] Published Wed May 15, 2019

Publisher Correction: Questioning life

By Guy Ben-Ary from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 15, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 15 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0473-3

Publisher Correction: Questioning life

Hunting Axion Dark Matter with Protoplanetary Disk Polarimetry

By Tomohiro Fujita, Ryo Tazaki, and Kenji Toma from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 14, 2019.

Author(s): Tomohiro Fujita, Ryo Tazaki, and Kenji Toma

A new study finds that protoplanetary disks are an ideal target to see the effects of axion dark matter.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 191101] Published Tue May 14, 2019

Muon-Electron Scattering at Next-To-Next-To-Leading Order: The Hadronic Corrections

By M. Fael and M. Passera from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 14, 2019.

Author(s): M. Fael and M. Passera

The standard model prediction for muon-electron scattering beyond leading order requires the inclusion of QCD contributions which cannot be computed perturbatively. At next-to- and next-to-next-to-leading order, they arise from one- and two-loop diagrams with hadronic vacuum polarization insertions ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 192001] Published Tue May 14, 2019

Triple Prompt $J/ψ$ Hadroproduction as a Hard Probe of Multiple-Parton Scatterings

By Hua-Sheng Shao and Yu-Jie Zhang from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 14, 2019.

Author(s): Hua-Sheng Shao and Yu-Jie Zhang

We propose that the process of triple prompt $J/ψ$ hadroproduction is a very clean hard probe of multiple-parton scatterings at high-energy hadron colliders, especially the least known triple-parton scattering. A first complete study is carried out by considering single-, double-, and triple-parton ...


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 192002] Published Tue May 14, 2019

Tomographic Extraction of the Internuclear Separation Based on Two-Center Interference with Aligned Diatomic Molecules

By RenPing Sun, XuanYang Lai, ShaoGang Yu, YanLan Wang, SongPo Xu, Wei Quan, and XiaoJun Liu from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 14, 2019.

Author(s): RenPing Sun, XuanYang Lai, ShaoGang Yu, YanLan Wang, SongPo Xu, Wei Quan, and XiaoJun Liu

An improved self-imaging method for molecules that fixes the detected electron momentum while rotating the internuclear axis of the molecular target has the advantage of not requiring a priori knowledge of the atomic differential cross-section.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193202] Published Tue May 14, 2019

Sign-Changing Photon-Mediated Atom Interactions in Multimode Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics

By Yudan Guo, Ronen M. Kroeze, Varun D. Vaidya, Jonathan Keeling, and Benjamin L. Lev from Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. Lett.. Published on May 14, 2019.

Author(s): Yudan Guo, Ronen M. Kroeze, Varun D. Vaidya, Jonathan Keeling, and Benjamin L. Lev

Cavity-mediated interactions can force two Bose-Einstein condensates into one of two mutually exclusive states, potentially allowing for quantum simulation of spin frustration.


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 193601] Published Tue May 14, 2019

Gate-based high fidelity spin readout in a CMOS device

By Tristan Meunier from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 13, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 13 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0443-9

Gate reflectometry on an ancillary dot coupled to an electron reservoir is used to read the spin of a qubit in a CMOS device in a single shot with an average fidelity above 98% within 0.5 ms.

Vectorial near-field coupling

By Christoph Lienau from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 13, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 13 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0441-y

Light scattering spectra are acquired in the near field to map dipole–dipole interactions and extract all their vectorial components with 5-nm spatial resolution.

Perceptions at the nanoscale

By David R. Glowacki from Nature Nanotechnology - Issue - nature.com science feeds. Published on May 07, 2019.

Nature Nanotechnology, Published online: 07 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41565-019-0452-8

Artistic imagination can help drive scientific imagination.

The study of functional materials has underpinned the enormous changes in information technology and electronic systems seen in the past decades. Research in the Department on device materials spans many of the most exciting areas in which the functional properties of new materials are being understood and developed.

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